На главнуюОбразованиеПохожее видеоЕще от: Dr Sam Robbins

🥚 The Shocking Truth Between Free Range, Cage Free and Pasture Raised Eggs?

Оценок: 5103 | Просмотров: 85455
Help Me, Help YOU… Get Healthier, Faster! 👉👉 http://drsam.co/yt/FillTheSurvey Or watch these videos about better overall health: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aKoq5e02sPE&list=PLkoAH5env5qUH7m4aKOuGup2IbQT_GEFm =============================================== 🥚 The Shocking Truth Between Free Range, Cage Free and Pasture Raised Eggs? =============================================== #eggs #healthyfoods I think eggs are a great source of protein. The yolk and white each about 11 amino acids and when combined together, (as it’s found in nature) is a complete protein with an extremely high “Biological Value”. This also means all of you silly people who are eating only the egg whites, are missing out on half the amino acids and most of the nutrients. The yolk, even though it has all the fat and cholesterol, does NOT increase your “bad” LDL lipoprotein cholesterol. It actually increases your, “good”, HDL lipoprotein cholesterol. And the best way to eat eggs are raw, but since most won’t do this - you should have the yolk runny and soft - you don’t want to “over heat” it and change the fat structure. Thus, soft-boiled or “sunny side up” would be ideal. Eggs are great for building muscle AND losing fat. Great for your brain. And, fantastic for optimizing your hormones. However, the problem is that most eggs come from unhealthy chicken and thus, the eggs are also “unhealthy”. So, you think you’re doing the right thing by eating eggs that say: “Cage Free” “Free Range” “Vegetarian Raised” “Pasture Raised” Etc. And yet, the prices vary greatly and at the end of the day, you’re getting lied to. So today’s video will quickly explain the real truth behind the “marketing scams” of the food industry. And I’ll also reveal the BEST and only type of egg you should be eating. I’m Paying More, So It Must Be Better When I was having the conversation with one of my fitness friends, he said “I only get cage free, it costs more, but it’s worth it. It’s better for the chicken, the environment and it’s a healthier egg as well” And I said to him, “yeah, that’s what THEY want you to believe - but this isn’t the case. It’s not even close!” Cage Free - Not! This simply means that the chickens are not in “boxed cases”. However, they’re still confined in very small and closed off quarters inside a building. They get no sunlight or access to the outdoors. Their days are spent without any movement, standing in their own filth. Free Range - Not! According to the USDA regulation, “free range” only means that the chickens are allowed “access” to the outside with no specifications as the quality or the duration of that outside exposure. In this situation, the chickens are still crammed in large warehouses. However, there is a small door on one end that opens to a few feet of outside dirt space. But the sad truth is that the chickens never even know that door exists and couldn’t get there even if they wanted to. Vegetarian Fed - Bad! This is a newer term that is appearing on egg cartons. People read it and think, “Wow. The chickens must be fed healthy vegetables and grains.” Ummm…no. A chicken is a natural carnivore. It eats on flesh. It also likes to eat bugs and insects. It is NOT a vegetarian. A “vegetarian raised” chicken is completely raised on industrialized feed (probably GMO) and is never allowed outside. EVER! This is actually the WORST form of egg. Pasture Raised - This Is It! So, this is the type of eggs I eat, including animal protein. Although it does not have any current regulations, it is being used by sustainable farmers to mean chickens raised in the outdoors… in the pasture. Thus, this is what you actually think about - chickens outside, doing their own thing in nature. This is what you want to buy if you are shopping for eggs. And yes, this does cost more - but it’s well worth it. Another thing to remember is that all of these other ones I mentioned today - “cage free”, “free range”, “vegetarian” and so forth - well, you’re paying way more for the LABEL, even though the egg is not any healthier. So either get the cheapest eggs you can find if you don’t care …. or only get Pasture Raised. Everything else is a scam and waste of money. However, I want you to remember that when you eat something, you’re eating what IT ate too. If the animal ate unnatural foods for its species, GMO sources and so forth, it changes the hormones and structure of the animal and protein and thus, you’re getting junk. ========================================­ Subscribe to Dr.Sam Robbins's official Youtube channel http://drsam.co/yt/subscribe Like us on Facebook https://www.facebook.com/DrSamRobbins ========================================= Thanks DrSamRobbins
Категория: Образование
Html code for embedding videos on your blog
Текстовые комментарии (570)
Bruce Ricciardi (1 день назад)
How true !!! I only feed my hens organic feed. Outdoors grass,bugs and I feed them their own eggs with veggies fruits and grains..There's no comparison to store bought eggs..
V K (1 день назад)
Why do the eggs have a foul smell especially the yolks have an abhoring odour?
VapeKing (1 день назад)
I cannot find pasture raised eggs where I live best I can find is organic is that as good as pasture raised?
Joe Hernandez (3 дня назад)
Just raise your OWN CHICKENS... The cost to raise your own, yes, will cost a pretty penny... Grow your own veggies, raise your own chickens, that way you know exactly whats goin on and what you're eating. Live well.
Hard Kokki (4 дня назад)
Natural is not a synonym for healthy. Pour natural oil in your car and see what happens.
Riley Bell (4 дня назад)
This all sounded legitimate until you started spouting nonsense about GMOs being “junk”.
NishraRama (5 дней назад)
How about the Organic brown eggs from Coastco, are they better than few others? Thanks
everythinghasalreadyhappened (7 дней назад)
Eggzactly what I was looking for. So buy Pasture Raised only.
Dr Sam Robbins (7 дней назад)
Cristian Gaina (9 дней назад)
Thank you Dr. Sam Robbins for great value of information and well summed up. Also your voice is great! Could you please make a video about Raw eggs and if you know how to avoid bacteria, salmonella but still consume raw uncooked? Also if you could make videos about Caloric shakes, preworkout natural shakes, or after-work natural shakes without powder etc? Thank you again!
Argenteus Imperator (9 дней назад)
have you a vid about the carnivore diet?
Dr Sam Robbins (7 дней назад)
not yet
Renee Dorval (9 дней назад)
Love my pasture raised eggs nothing better
King Ragnar (10 дней назад)
I’ve never seen pasture raised chicken eggs here in Britain, only caged or free range, unless you go to a farm that sells eggs & choose them yourself but even then I guess they are free range as they have chicken coops where they lay the eggs & fenced off access to the out side .
N1SMO240SX (12 дней назад)
I always love JUMBO Cage free eggs. I didnt mind paying the extra price. But now with your break down of it. I think I’m done with that and looking for pasteurized.
wira rifqy (12 дней назад)
thanks for the information, of course the pasteurised egg are healthier but, honestly not healthy for my wallet.
Barbara Vick (12 дней назад)
Get your eggs from someone with their own flock, large or small. I used to buy all my eggs from a woman who had about fifty chickens, just wandering all over her small farm. She had multiple water sources for them and fed them in the evening, this was before GMO crap. Best eggs ever ! All different colours. We frequently had double yolks and my dad once cracked open a triple! I didn't know those existed. Anyway the yolks are dark yellow, the flavor was incomparable. she kept a couple of roosters to help protect the flock from Hawks and other chicken eating critters. But she was so diligent about making sure the eggs were super fresh, I only saw a few fertilized eggs in the two or three years I bought from her. THAT'S how to buy your eggs.
Sun Lover (15 дней назад)
I love the way you get right to it, no BS-ing around. I knew not to eat cage free, but I didn't know the difference between free range and pasture raised. I currently have free range eggs in my fridge and on the carton is a picture of red/brown hens running around on grass living the good life. Now these eggs cost almost $7.00 a dozen which is a lot for a Senior Citizen living on Social Security. To me it is worth it because more and more I am bothered by the way farm animals are treated. Eating eggs will allow me to get the protein I need with out causing animals to suffer. I will be looking for Pasture Raised from now on. Thank you for explaining the difference.
kahtra1 (15 дней назад)
So, I'll go with pasture raised from now on. :)
Marianne Dooley (16 дней назад)
Barbara Lange (16 дней назад)
please more of the similar topics-what is healthy and what is hipe
Dr Sam Robbins (16 дней назад)
will think about it Barbara!
sbecktacular (16 дней назад)
good advice thanks 👍
Dr Sam Robbins (16 дней назад)
you're welcome and please share the video with someone...
Arfelia Burns-Jackson (16 дней назад)
Finally someone saying the same thing I been saying for years.
Masroor Khan (17 дней назад)
Dr SAM i removed my gallblader couple of years ago can i eat eat EGGS ??
Serious Fireworks (13 дней назад)
Masroor Khan I had my removed 15 years ago and been eating eggs..just watch out for high fat meals
Masroor Khan (17 дней назад)
you are doing a great job the way you explain the things is very understable
Moonlight spark (17 дней назад)
Great you are right. I just trust to eat eggs . From my own pet HENS or else no chicken and no to unhealthy chicken eggs at all costs.
Donna Manning (17 дней назад)
Eggs are my favorite food!
Margaret Dell (18 дней назад)
Thanks, I have been buying the wrong eggs....I will buy the cheapest eggs for baking products and eat the pastured eggs for breakfast.
Frank Barrow (18 дней назад)
most informative!
David Bennett (18 дней назад)
My chickens and ducks are let out at sunrise. They go to roost at sundown. I lock them up as soon as they have gone to roost. The chickens have several hundred acres of pasture to forage for bugs. My ducks are limited to 1 acre (30 ducks) only because they cannot run as fast as my 30 chickens and do not fly. I get 15 dozen from each breed per week. I sell all 30 dozen eggs each week. Some as food and some as fertile hatching eggs. I have 10 drakes and 2 roosters. I also regularly hatch out chicks and ducklings for sale and to raise for meat. In the winter my chicken will not come out of their coop if there is snow. I raise meal worms year round. Both my ducks and chickens love eating dried meal worms. I also raise Perennial Russian Comfrey for feeding my birds. Both the chickens and ducks love eating comfrey too. Eating bugs prevents my birds from developing a Salmonella infection so my eggs are perfectly safe to eat raw. My Dietary Regimen is as close to Zero Carbs as possible. I do not eat plants. I only use plants as spices.
John James (18 дней назад)
I have been banging on about this for years, but to no avail, people just stare at you as if you are a relic from the past.
Patrick Rhodes (18 дней назад)
What about the non GMO feed brown eggs?
Kewee Bird (18 дней назад)
I thank you for all your information about eggs. I was raised on a farm and our chickens were always out side running free. And those eggs tasted really good. But we’re can you find any free range chickens now days? I live in a big city. But thank you for all this information.
J Burritt (18 дней назад)
We have 10 hens of various breeds.  Free range and a chicken palace in the horse barn keeps them happy.   They have a acre of land to free range on.  Happy
Christine Cuneo (18 дней назад)
Pasture Raised Eggs it is.
jewelleryaddict (19 дней назад)
So whats story on bread? Hearing bad stuff about wheat bread now. Is it any better than white, is anything else better?
Georgia Raynes (19 дней назад)
What do you know about organic eggs? Can there be such a thing in reality.....I'm thinking bugs, wind blown seeds etc or are these derived from chickens living in a shed only....just wondering. Thanks
Hakuna Matata (19 дней назад)
How about the organic?
Linda Pearson (19 дней назад)
Yup! In addition to a good egg mash, my little hens get full run of the yard and lay very good eggs. Sometimes I even treat them with crappie minnows - you wouldn't believe how funny they are with minnows!
Sydney h. (19 дней назад)
I all the time buying the cheep one 🤗and BROW or white ? Who cares I am not doing DISCRIMINATION against any eggs 😁😁😁😁😁👍
Marjorie Cromwell (20 дней назад)
Great Info.
Jerry Kraft (20 дней назад)
very informative.
Nan Kidd (20 дней назад)
How about omega eggs?thanks for being up on the horrible way chicken are raised and l think they are not good for you but what horrible stress on the chicken as legs break cause their overfed and full of antibiotics.
HandyAndy (20 дней назад)
Meh. Vegan seems to be the way forward!
Logan Gregg (20 дней назад)
Are raw eggs best?
Jaime Fernandez Jr (20 дней назад)
Thanks Doctor, Great Vídeo. 👍
Gary Nelson (20 дней назад)
There are labels on pork touting Vegetarian Fed. BAD. Pigs are omnivorous in nature
lock n load (20 дней назад)
thanks for exposing the food Ind. scam on how chickens are raised and marketed.  I learned a lot. I've been drinking raw eggs with a pinch of salt and pepper all my life. nice to know I've been doing SOMETHING right........!
Moulana Abdool (21 день назад)
Thank you Doctor from South Africa. Is it possible for you we please give me your email address? I would like you to please guide me & many others as to how we can stop eating all these GMO'S, ETC.
David Adcock (16 дней назад)
There is nothing wrong with gmo technology. Don't tell me you have been brain washed to?
John Pierce (21 день назад)
What about Egg-Lands Best Eggs -Supposed to have more Vitamins Plus Omega 3 - Less Saturated fat--- It does say Vegetarian fed hens ?
nativerose nativerose (21 день назад)
Absolutely true!!!!!!!!!!
ROBBANKS666666 (21 день назад)
A few people I know or knew who are very old but very healthy ate from their own garden and minimized consuming processed foods like you recommend
Paul Martin (21 день назад)
What about Omega 3 eggs ,chickens are feed on flax seed ...
Wahida Nooristani (21 день назад)
I feel so sad for the poor chicken. I am crying
Claycat4 (21 день назад)
This is why I buy local farm eggs! When I buy the eggs, I see the hens outside running around!
Dexter the vEGGan (21 день назад)
When I was broke, I would do exactly as he says at the end of this video. I knew that anything in between pasture raised eggs, and the cheapest eggs at Walmart, or wherever, was just not worth spending the money on. So, I would go for the cheapest eggs I could find. Generally by several dozen at once type of thing. I went for volume. But really good eggs from a farm, or a friend who raises them, is by far the best way to go.
james ferrante (22 дня назад)
just hang out in a breakfast restaurant, you will soon realize that all the people who order a egg white only dish are pathetic weak and typically half dead. that's because you don't know shit about nutrition. much like a vegan or vegetarian.
Cifer 70 (22 дня назад)
Woohoo, i raised my own chickens and we feed them a variety of different foods. Where I live has alot of predators, so my father in law and I build a coupe. Im a 6'4" man and the coupe we build is way above my head and the base has been dug down and concrete was poured and blocks were laid for its foundation. We made the whole bottem concrete with a slop for draining, then we filled it up about 8 inches of sand that we interchange every fall.
chargermopar (22 дня назад)
This is why I raise Muscovy ducks and eat their eggs
Dennis B. (22 дня назад)
Chickens are carnivorous ....brought back memories of shelling corn and looking through the slats of the crib to see how many mice the old hens & the cats would catch . nothin funnier than to watch some old hen with a mouse playing keep away from 10 other hens lol For those of you who feel sorry for the mouse, you ain't never had a mouse/rat climb up the inside of your pants leg when your hot & sweaty......
Shlomo Avdiel (22 дня назад)
The last working farm that I lived on was an "egg ranch". We raised white leghorn chickens for laying eggs. Two-thousand of then to be exact. That is why I found your two videos interesting. Our chickens were NOT caged, their population density was not so bad as they could not find the door at the end of their food and nesting area, and while their outside area was fenced, it was large enough for half of that group of chickens to be outside at any one time.
Michael Van Zoeren (22 дня назад)
Ive been buying egglands best thinking they are good for me and my family. Liars! Vegitarian feed chickens. Bullcrap! Im so pissed. Looks like Meijers sells vital Farms eggs 8$ for 12:(. Ill pay it though. Thanks for the vids.
TheTroutDoc (22 дня назад)
good video
Winston Leighton (23 дня назад)
Obviously the jury is still out despite your informative piece. The truth is if we are what we eat then why should we eat pasture raised eggs ?? Chicken in pastures eat anything from worms, ants and especially cockroaches . Are those good for us ?? I specifically made mentioned in regard to the car / fuel analogy you posited. In short ,, you ought to be telling all viewers that they shoulder only eat eggs if they raised the chicken themselves. Or better yet , eat eggs if you are aware of what the chicken eats. And since that is so remote,,, we must not be eating chick or eggs.
Charles Hoyt (23 дня назад)
Good video, I'm moving to the country on to 20 acres was planning on raising chickens. Had figured on letting them run around all day then penning them at night, keep the varmints from easy food. At least now I know I've got the right idea
Barney Pebles (23 дня назад)
I've been eating two semi-raw eggs on a daily basis for nine months now and my cholesterol is perfect and my health improved dramatically.
Linda Linda (23 дня назад)
Please talk about organic eggs. It is the only kind I eat. Where d o these eggs fit into your talk. Will be monitoring this site looking for your answer.
Linda Linda (6 дней назад)
Dr Sam Robbins I’m very disappointed in your response to my request regarding organic eggs. I haveNEVER seen “pasture” printed on an egg carton. What planet do you live on? INSCRIBING THIS CHANNEL. Expected a fuller explanation
Dr Sam Robbins (7 дней назад)
“Organic” is just another word they use, like “natural”. Please look for Pasture raised eggs.
Ali Bastami (23 дня назад)
"Chickens outside, doing their own thing in nature" This line actually summarizes a whole book 😂 Thanks DR. Sam!
Jeffrey John (23 дня назад)
What about organic eggs?
Dr Sam Robbins (7 дней назад)
“Organic” is just another word they use, like “natural”. Please look for Pasture raised eggs.
Moonlight spark (17 дней назад)
Just another lie they want you to believe and pay more.
Winifred Thompson (22 дня назад)
Organic eggs are hens fed on grains, what is organic produce, it is wheat corn produced without using fertiliser, I don't think hens are fed these types of grains very often as this type of grains are very expensive. Free range eggs are the best option, or if you have a garden why not keep a few chickens yourself, you can let the chickens run over the lawn they will do no harm, and they will fertilise the grass for you. I had 2 chickens here in my back garden, one a blue and the other a bared rock, breed. The little blue hen or grey feathered bird laid 340 eggs last year and the bared rock laid 325 eggs, and kept myself and neighbour in eggs all year. Just purchased 6 day old chicks and 1 rooster chick , end of June, they are now 10 weeks old, and looking simple magnificent . I had to keep the baby chicks in a wire pen in the garden because of cats, but I move them to fresh grass every 2 days. They are healthy full of life, well feathered. They also get the house leavings, lettuce cabbage etc. I have just one small problem the little rooster chicks like to hear his voice at 6.0am in the morning so far not to,bad, hope the neighbours don't hear him, not managing a full crow yet, but dread to think when he can , as he is turning out to be a Georgeous looking bird. Greetings from Northern Ireland.
Barbara Gray (23 дня назад)
Great advice.glad to know that eggs are good for you.i will try to find the best eggs to eat from now on.thanks.
Septembers Whisper (23 дня назад)
How about the "organic" eggs?
Dr Sam Robbins (7 дней назад)
“Organic” is just another word they use, like “natural”. Please look for Pasture raised eggs.
R Golbraith (24 дня назад)
Well, this was a very interesting article and one to be taken seriously. However, no one should ever be believed unless they can prove it. Your article/YouTube is lacking everything that can prove your argument. No sources cited in the body, no sources cited in the notes at the end. And no hyperlinks to other sources. So, now, I have to do all the legwork to see if you actually know your stuff. That DR in front of someone’s name doesn’t mean Jack to me. So, maybe think about this in your future tubes.
USA Men & Asian Women (24 дня назад)
Good video, I never knew this, I always thought cage free or free range meant they lived outdoors, now I know it has to say pasture raised. Even when you think you are eating good, you still aren't eating good, no wonder everyone is getting cancer.
Luis Gamboa (24 дня назад)
Dr Sam Robbins (24 дня назад)
thank you Luis
Steven Decker (24 дня назад)
Have our own chicks and now I feel very good about raising them on our small farm. Didn’t know that about the cholesterol either. Thanks for the good info.
OMGaNEWBIE (24 дня назад)
Dr Sam Robbins - Thank you for this valuable info. But, how can we trust these farmers who's egg cartons say Pasture Raised Hens, to actually leave the hens outside for most of the day? How can we know for sure? Is there some sort of gov't inspector to ensure that they comply with their statements on how the chickens are raised/fed to ensure that these chickens are actually eating bugs/worms? Don't most Pasture Raised chicken farmers supplement the chickens diet with some sort of grains, especially in the winter mths?
888,888_ fiery_mercaba (25 дней назад)
"0:48" -- Yeah "most people won't [eat eggs raw/semi-cooked]" because of the threat of Salmonella. You don't believe there is such a threat, Dr Sam Robbins?
Catherine E Sam (25 дней назад)
Wow, great to finally know the difference! Thanks. Put Pasture feed eggs of grocery list .
John Kassel (25 дней назад)
What about vaccinated chicken.? What is an organic egg?
genesisplanet (25 дней назад)
Hey Doc. I presume the same standard would apply to Duck Eggs. Would you prepare duck eggs the same way? What do you think of them?.....thanks
Mr. Eno (25 дней назад)
I'm really waiting for American's to get tired of being lied to. When will you say "Thats it"!!!! No more!!!!
Bill H (25 дней назад)
Great! Thank you.
Gretchen Rodriguez (26 дней назад)
Thank you. I always suspected some sort of deceit, specially with "cage free", but it is great to have it clear now.
olga ristemovich (26 дней назад)
Dear Dr.Robbins.I am usually buying organics eggs.But often think if those eggs are really organic. What is your input on that.Thank you very much .
fiskfarm (26 дней назад)
How about the difference between fertile and non-fertile eggs. I feel it is similar to the difference between grains and sprouted grains. Huge.
fiskfarm (26 дней назад)
We have 2 flocks and each flock has 2 acres of woods and fields fenced in. Our eggs are soo good.
Bhikkhu Pesala (26 дней назад)
Perhaps you could do a video on Duck Eggs? https://modernfarmer.com/2015/06/everything-you-need-to-know-about-duck-eggs/ Duck meat and eggs are not so uncommon in South-east Asia, but rarer in the West.
glen davis (26 дней назад)
thanks, this was a great help to me. does organic have any value or not?
sluggou812beotch (26 дней назад)
Thanks for the enlightenment! I've been raising my own chickens for quite some time but buy eggs for about a month on either side of the winter solstice. I know a couple of hours of light will get them to lay but so what, I'm off grid and don't have electricity to waste. I did find a little solar light on Amazon that comes on when it's dark to put in the henhouse but momma likes it in the kitchen so it's $20 for another light or buy eggs for xmas🤔
Rachel M (26 дней назад)
Hear hear to this! The food industry is corrupt, that's why so many of us get sick, and there's so many new diseases, because we're eating what I like to call 'edible products', not real food! I recently cut down on wheat and switched to rye bread. I actually didn't know till recently that the short wheat is GM, which I don't agree with on principle. Rye bread tastes pretty good, keeps all week and actually keeps me full for longer, so the cost is worth it 🙂
BigDogBob (26 дней назад)
We raise our own chickens for the delicious brown and green eggs.  They are raised in a free range environment where they can get out and scratch around in the grass and dirt anytime they want.  And I have multiple vegetable gardens and feed the chicks all the great stuff from the gardens, Bugs and All.  Happy Chickens Rule.
Stephanie Yelekci (26 дней назад)
I never see pasture eggs where i live.What stores or is it only farmers?
V. R. (27 дней назад)
Thanks for the truth!
V. R. (27 дней назад)
The official medicine is lying
Elijah Smalls (27 дней назад)
Dr. Sam Robbins where can you get healthest fruits and vegetables in c town westrn beef or BJ's maybe at a stand outside or ordered online that has no chemical I don't care if it cost more I just want to know if there is a place somewhere on Earth that their are no chemicals in fruits and can you order fruits veggies from that country naturally from the ground with no high fructose corn syrup which is the main cause of unhealthy fat is there any way of having fats that take away the bad fat which is corn syrup in foods and drinks also is there drinks that have no citric acid that messes up your teeth like soda beer juice from store that my family and friends keep drinking please make a video about this so I can show my family your video what's good for you and what's bad for you
Angel Figueroa (27 дней назад)
Organic eggs vs regular eggs 🍳 ?
Shamanarts (28 дней назад)
as sure as eggs is eggs....thanks
Maestro DUDER (28 дней назад)
eating raw eggs? That doesn't sound safe
Saleen Ali (30 дней назад)
Absolutely great topic I've been vegan for six years only due to blood pressure issues and I don't suffer from that anymore. However, I am a carnivore by nature. And the vegan community all of a sudden became a cult. I know that just eating plants does some environmental damage. Can you do a topic on cheese and milk? And thank you for your video. You are very informative and give only the facts
Eric Chapman (30 дней назад)
Good points, bad points. Eh...
Marilyn Driscoll (1 месяц назад)
You are GOD sent. Thank you for voicing the truth...
derrik tie (1 месяц назад)
i take egglands best, when i take the cheap kind i kind of feel sick..

Хотите оставить комментарий?

Присоединитесь к YouTube, или войдите, если вы уже зарегистрированы.