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How to Teach a Cat to Walk on a Leash
Great Amazon Must Haves for any Cat Owner: Feline GREENIES Dental Treats for Cats: http://amzn.to/1UrL9rm Four Paws Magic Coat Love Glove Cat Grooming Mitt: http://amzn.to/1O8XYVQ Bergan Star Chaser Turbo Scratcher Cat Toy: http://amzn.to/1EBqPSY IRIS Open Top Litter Box with Shield and Scoop: http://amzn.to/1VwpII5 Watch more How to Train Your Cat videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/405872-How-to-Teach-a-Cat-to-Walk-on-a-Leash Give your indoor cat quality time outside by going for a walk. Step 1: Use a harness and leash Use a small, H-type harness that fits the cat, and a cotton or nylon leash. A harness fits if you can barely get a finger between the cat and the harness. Step 2: Get the cat used to the harness Get the cat used to the harness by putting it on them without buckling it. Tip Put the harness on the cat during playtime when the cat is more likely to be comfortable. Step 3: Reward the cat Reward your cat with plenty of treats and affection. Petting your cat during your training sessions will help your feline friend associate the harness with positive feelings. Step 4: Buckle one loop Continue putting the harness on the cat each day until the cat ignores it. After that, you can buckle one of the harness's loops for 30 seconds. Step 5: Build up to three loops Build up to buckling the entire harness, one loop at a time. The process can take several months. Once your cat is comfortable with the harness completely buckled, let them walk around while wearing it. Step 6: Add the leash Add the leash when your cat is comfortable with the harness. Let them walk around with the leash for as long as it takes to get used to it. Step 7: Go for practice walks Go for practice walks around the house for a few days. Step 8: Go for the first walk Go for a walk when your cat is used to you holding the leash. Let them lead you on the first few walks. Bring treats along for encouragement. Tip Make sure it is quiet outside when you go for your walk. You don't want your cat to get spooked. Step 9: [Tug the leash lightly] Tug the leash lightly to lead the cat on subsequent walks. Step 10: Be patient Be patient. Teaching a cat to walk on a leash takes time. Take the training process day by day, moving on to each step only when your cat is ready. Did You Know? Only 20% of pet cats are adopted from shelters.
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How to Hot-Wire a Car
Watch more Driving & Car Safety videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/273963-How-to-HotWire-a-Car No keys and no help in sight? Here's how to get your car moving again. Warning Hot-wiring a car is dangerous and is likely to damage your vehicle. Never hot-wire anyone's car but yours and be prepared to show your proof of ownership. Step 1: Try a screwdriver Pound a flat-head screwdriver into the ignition and turn it like a key. This will ruin the ignition cylinder, but it's effective on many cars manufactured before the mid '90s. Step 2: Remove the ignition cover If the car doesn't start, pull the screwdriver out of the ignition and remove the screws in the panels on the top and bottom of the steering column. Next, use the flat-head screwdriver to pry off the plastic panels and expose the ignition cylinder and the wires running to it. Be gentle to minimize damage to the steering column. Step 3: Identify the battery and starter wires Identify the battery and starter wires. Generally the two red wires handle the car's power, and the one or two brown wires connect to the starter. Consult your car's manual to learn its specific wire color code. Step 4: Connect the power wires Put on the gloves, and use the cutters to cut the power wires from the cylinder. Then, strip the ends and connect them by twisting them together to provide power to the lights, radio, and other electrical systems. Step 5: Connect the starter wires Cut the starter wires from the cylinder and strip the ends. Be extremely careful not to touch the exposed ends as they carry a powerful live current and will shock you. Touch them together, and as soon as the car has started, pull them apart and tape the ends to avoid getting shocked while driving. Tip If the car has only has one starter wire, touch it to the exposed part of the connected power wires to start the car. Step 6: Deal with additional security Deal with additional security. In some cars the steering-wheel lock's bolt can be pried open by jamming a screwdriver between the top of the steering column and the steering wheel. Tip Newer cars have complex wheel locks and electronic key systems that are nearly impossible to circumvent without tools and in-depth knowledge. Step 7: Turn the car off Turn the car off by separating the power wires from each other. Now it's time to find that extra set of keys and head to the repair shop, pronto. Did You Know? In 2008, vehicle thefts in the U.S. declined for the fifth year in a row.
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How to Survive a Nuclear Terrorist Attack
Watch more Disaster Survival & Worst-Case Scenarios videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/317493-How-to-Survive-a-Nuclear-Terrorist-Attack You can increase your chances of staying alive if you know how to decrease your exposure to radiation. Step 1: Get potassium iodide Have potassium iodide on hand; you may need it to protect your thyroid from the radioactive iodine fallout of a nuclear event. It is available without a prescription; ask your pharmacist for an FDA-approved brand and dosage guidelines. Tip In the event of an attack, emergency officials may advise people over 40 not to take potassium iodide, since they have the lowest chance of developing thyroid cancer or thyroid injury after exposure to radioactive iodine. Step 2: Go below If an attack is imminent, get indoors and go as far below ground as you can. If that's not possible, seek whatever shelter you can. Step 3: Seal yourself in Once indoors, close all windows and doors and turn off air conditioners, heaters, and other ventilation systems. Step 4: Seal up your car If you can't get to a building, stay inside your car. Close the windows and vents, turn off the heat and A/C, and hold a cloth over your mouth and nose to avoid breathing in radioactive dust and smoke. Step 5: Protect yourself outdoors If you're caught outdoors or very near the blast when it happens, don't look at it or you risk temporary or even permanent blindness. Keep your mouth open so your eardrums don't burst. Don't touch objects thrown by an explosion; they might be radioactive. Step 6: Stay put If you are more than 10 miles from the epicenter of the blast, remain in the shelter for 48 to 72 hours after the blast. Step 7: Get out of Dodge! If you are closer than 10 miles to the epicenter after the explosion, get moving! You have 10 to 20 minutes to get at least a mile away from the mushroom cloud, or you risk lethal radiation poisoning. Tip Be sure to move downwind or perpendicular to the wind. Step 8: Cover up Keep your mouth, nose, and as much of your skin covered as you move away from the blast area.Once you're at a safe distance, take off your clothes; this alone may get rid of up to 80 percent of radioactive dust. Then take a shower, which will further reduce your exposure. Step 9: Get decontaminated Rid your body of radioactive material as soon as possible by reporting to the nearest decontamination center set up in your area. Did You Know? In the film "Godzilla 1985," a Soviet captain tries to launch a nuclear missile at Tokyo after learning that Godzilla is back.
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How to Study Effectively
Watch more How to Study videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/316183-How-to-Study-Effectively Many people find studying to be a real drag, but if you're going to do it, you may as well do it right. Step 1: Choose the right environment Choose an environment for studying where you will be free from distractions including phone calls, television, or other interruptions. Step 2: Prioritize your studies Prioritize your study materials so that the most important or the hardest is finished first. Step 3: Read for comprehension Read your materials over once for basic comprehension. Don't stress about remembering it all on the first read. Step 4: Read and take notes Read the material again, taking notes and summarizing the main ideas in your own words. Tip Make new material stick by relating it to something you already know or care about. Context and emotion enhance our ability to remember. Step 5: Use you senses Use your senses to assist with learning. When possible, don't just read, but listen to lectures or podcasts, and watch instructional videos. Build a rich understanding of the material. Step 6: Quiz yourself Quiz yourself without the aid of any notes. Write down your answers or speak them aloud. In other words, rehearse for the test. Tip Take a nap after a heavy study session to allow your brain time to rest. Napping after studying can help with recall. Step 7: Test yourself again Test yourself again and again, at different times of the day and week. This "self-testing" will reinforce your studies so that when the real test arrives, you'll be ready. Did You Know? In ancient Greece and Rome, people used the "loci" memorization method, which involves visualizing placing each thing you need to remember in a familiar room or on a familiar road, and picking it up as you take a mental walk around the room or down the road.
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How to Hand Train a Bird
Watch more How to Take Care of a Pet Bird videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/9312-How-to-Hand-Train-a-Bird You may not be able to get your parakeet to balance a ball on his beak, but every hook-billed species -- from parakeets to cockatoos -- can be trained to step onto your finger when you tell him to. Step 1: Train only wing-clipped birds Don’t try to take your bird out of his cage unless his wings have been clipped. Step 2: Desensitize bird To get your bird not to flip out when you put your hand into his cage, several times a day insert your hand into the cage and wave it slowly in the bird’s direction. Repeat this daily until the bird gets used to it. Tip Try holding a bird treat when you put your hand into the cage. Once you can get your bird to eat from your hand, you’re well on the way toward establishing 'hand trust.' Step 3: Hold perch or stick For the next two weeks, insert your hand into the cage several times a day--but this time, hold a perch or stick in your hand. Your goal: getting the bird to step onto the perch. Step 4: Trigger “step up” reflex with perch When the bird gets used to the perch in your hand, start getting him to step onto it. Hold it at a right angle to the bird’s body and gently nudge him in the chest. This will trigger his 'step up' reflex. Tip Always say 'Up, up' or 'Step up' when you nudge the bird with the perch. Give him lots of praise when he steps onto it. He’s making progress! Step 5: Replace perch with hand When the bird is comfortable standing on a hand-held perch, you can start training him to stand on your hand alone. During each training session, move your hand farther down the perch -- and closer to the bird. Step 6: Discard perch After a few days, your bird should assume that a perch comes with a hand attached--so now it’s time to up the ante once again. What’s next? That’s right: your hand without the perch. Step 7: Trigger “step up” reflex with hand Moving slowly and smoothly and repeating the 'Up, up' command, nudge the bird in the chest until he has no choice but to step onto your pointer finger to steady himself. Step 8: Repeat Repeat this procedure until the bird has no problem stepping onto your finger and perching there. Step 9: Practice outside of cage Now you and your feathered friend can begin working outside the cage. With the bird perched on your finger, slowly and smoothly bring him out through the cage door. Tip If you have a large bird, a T-stand will be a helpful training tool when working outside the cage. Practice putting the bird onto the T-stand and taking him off again. Step 10: Practice verbal command Practice the 'Up, up' command diligently until the bird knows that he should always step onto your 'finger perch' when you say so. Tip If the bird gets startled and flutters off your hand, calmly follow him to where he lands and nudge him, saying 'Up, up.' Usually, he’ll step right back onto your finger. Step 11: Enlist friends and relatives Encourage your friends and relatives to work with your bird as much as possible. The tamer a bird becomes, the happier his relationship with his human flock will be. Did You Know? Birds in the parrot family have two toes facing forward and two facing backward, to help them hold onto things while they’re climbing.
Просмотров: 1434301 Howcast
How to Type
Watch more Business Skills videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/405652-How-to-Type Whether you need to type a resume, a letter, or a bibliography, it can get done fast if you learn how to control the keys efficiently. Step 1: Position your fingers on the keys Position your fingers on the keyboard. Put your left little finger on the "A" and your right little finger on the semicolon. Lay your fingers one at a time on each consecutive key and place your thumbs on the space bar. Tip The F and J keys on most keyboards have small bumps to easily identify where your two pointer fingers should stay without having to look down. Step 2: Learn the left hand keys Learn what fingers control which keys. The left index finger controls the F, G, R, T, 4, 5, V, and B. The left middle finger controls the D, E, 3, and C. The left ring finger controls the S, W, 2, and x. The left little finger controls the A, Q, 1, Z, and shift. Step 3: Learn the right hand keys Learn what keys the fingers on the right hand type. The fingers on the right hand control the same pattern of keys as you learned on the left side. Step 4: Use your thumb Press the space bar with your right thumb. Step 5: Master the shift keys Master the shift keys with your little fingers. Press the shift key while simultaneously pressing the letter of choice to type a capital letter. If the letter is pressed by the right hand, use the left shift key, and vice versa. Step 6: Sit up straight Sit up straight with both feet on the floor. Position your chair and keyboard so your arms are at a 90 degree angle and are parallel to your legs. Keep your elbows next to your body and your head straight. Tip Try not to look down at the keys. Step 7: Practice Practice typing. You can learn for free online by visiting websites with touch typing tutorials. Learning the art of typing will save you tons of time over the hunt and peck method. Did You Know? The letters on old typewriters used to be listed alphabetically. In the late 1800s, Christopher Latham Sholes rearranged the keys to prevent jamming.
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How to Learn Circular Breathing
Watch more How to Start a Band videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/241589-How-to-Learn-Circular-Breathing Practice circular breathing every day and before long you will be able to play music continuously without missing a beat. Step 1: Practice breathing with puffed cheeks Puff out your cheeks, and then breathe normally through your nose to get the feel of breathing with your cheeks extended. Step 2: Blow air out lips while breathing in Puff your cheeks and create a small hole between your lips. Control the muscles in your cheeks to allow air to exit slowly through the hole while you breathe in and out through your nose. Step 3: Use a straw to mimic an instrument Place a straw in a glass of water, puff your cheeks, and squeeze the top of the straw between your lips. Step 4: Empty your lungs Inhale deeply through your nose and then exhale through your mouth at a constant pace until you empty your lungs. Keep the bubbles in the water as regular as possible. Tip Fill your mouth with water and push it out in a stream using your tongue and cheek muscles. Next, breathe in and out through your nose while making the stream. Step 5: Close your throat Repeat step four but, before your lungs empty, fill your cheeks and mouth with air and inhale quickly and deeply through your nose. Close your throat off with the back of your tongue, and continue to exhale. Step 6: Switch between mouth and lungs Breathe in through your nose to replenish your lungs with air while continuously blowing out the air stored in your cheeks and mouth. Switch to pushing air out from your lungs; then close your throat and expel the air in your mouth while you inhale. Tip Lay aside the straw and start practicing with your instrument as soon as you feel ready to improve your circular breathing skills. Step 7: Practice holding pitch with a mouthpiece and barrel Practice holding a steady pitch using only your mouthpiece and barrel. Blow air with your cheeks alternately puffed and unpuffed. Then introduce circular breathing. Tip Mask the "bump" that is commonly heard when switching between lung air and mouth air by transitioning during a quick series of musical notes. Step 8: Add the rest of the instrument Incorporate your entire wind instrument into your circular breathing practice. Focus on mastering the technique before worrying about making a perfect sound. Did You Know? A U.S. postal worker known as 'The Puffy Cheek Bandit' pleaded guilty to robbing 27 banks in five different states.
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How to Help Deliver Kittens
Great Amazon Must Haves for any Cat Owner: Feline GREENIES Dental Treats for Cats: http://amzn.to/1UrL9rm Four Paws Magic Coat Love Glove Cat Grooming Mitt: http://amzn.to/1O8XYVQ Bergan Star Chaser Turbo Scratcher Cat Toy: http://amzn.to/1EBqPSY IRIS Open Top Litter Box with Shield and Scoop: http://amzn.to/1VwpII5 Watch more Cat Care & Grooming videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/356277-How-to-Help-Deliver-Kittens If your mother cat is ready to pop, then these tips can help you help her through the delivery process. Step 1: Prepare a bed Prepare a delivery bed for your mother cat with a roomy cardboard box with a top. Cut a hole in the side big enough for the mother to come and go and line the bottom with newspapers. Then cover the box with an old blanket. Step 2: Find a quiet place Find a quiet, private, and warm spot for the bed that the mother is familiar with. The room should be equipped with food, water, and a litter box, as well as any favorite toys. Tip Introduce the mother to her new maternity bed well before she gives birth. This will ensure she doesn't give birth on your clothes. Step 3: Isolate the cat Keep your cat away from other animals in the late stages of her pregnancy -- mother cats can be aggressive. You also want her as relaxed as possible before and during birth. Step 4: Give her space Give the mother space when she goes into labor. You will be able to tell that she's in the first stages of labor because she may start pacing, make loud noises, and repeatedly attempt to use the litter box. She may retire to her bed if she's comfortable there. However, if she chooses another spot, do not try to move her. Step 5: Prepare supplies Prepare the supplies once the mother goes into labor. Gather gloves, warm water, clean towels, dental floss, and petroleum jelly. Cat labor can last up to 12 hours, so make sure you have plenty of everything. Step 6: Don't panic Do not panic if your mother cat makes loud noises while giving birth to the first kitten. Kittens are usually born between 30 and 40 minutes apart. Watch from afar if everything looks stable. Tip If the mother does not break the amniotic sac, tear it using a clean towel; do not use a sharp object. The sac needs to be broken in order for the kittens to breathe. Step 7: Assist with placenta and umbilical Assist cleaning the placenta from the kittens' faces only if the mother does not do so herself. Use a clean towel and wipe the membrane off of the cat, going against the direction of the hair growth with your gloved hands. If the mother doesn't bite entirely through the umbilical cord, tie the floss around the cord an inch away from the kitten and cut on the mother's side of the tie. Tip Don't cut the umbilical cord too close to the kitten, and don't let the mother bite it off too close to the kitten. This can cause infection. Step 8: Use petroleum jelly Use the petroleum jelly on the kitten's passage if the mother has been straining for an hour with no kitten emerging. If at any point before, during, or after the birth you notice strange behavior or have medical concerns, contact your vet immediately. Step 9: Let the mother be Let the mother care for her kittens from this point on. Nature ensures that she knows her new job. And if there are no medical concerns, sit back and enjoy watching those tiny creatures turn into playful wonders. Did You Know? There are an estimated 6 to 8 million homeless animals entering shelters in the U.S each year.
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How to Study for a Long Time without Getting Bored
Watch more How to Study videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/413809-How-to-Study-for-a-Long-Time-without-Getting-Bored Facts and figures starting to blend together in a horrible haze? Here's how to keep from getting lost in brain space. Step 1: Eradicate distractions Enter a fortress of solitude -- research shows that low-level distractions can make a task feel boring. Hide your cellphone, tell your online social network to de-friend you instantly if they see you log in, and seal yourself in a quiet room. Tip If you're planning a really long cramming session, break it up with a nap. One study found an hour's worth of shut-eye can increase your ability to focus. Step 2: Embrace your emotions Emotional entanglement distracting you? Admit how you're feeling, even out loud -- those who can identify how they feel often have better focus. Step 3: Engage yourself Don't just take notes; engage with the material creatively. Invent a song about the topic at hand, or recreate historical events and fictional plotlines. It's easier to stay interested when you make the material come alive. Step 4: Take a shower Studied so long you've stopped absorbing material? Take a shower -- the change of pace will stimulate your mind and help refresh your body. Step 5: Make up a challenge Make a game out of your work to stave off boredom. Try to score higher and higher throughout your study session, and be sure to reward your triumphs. You've earned it! Did You Know? In 2009, a study found that nearly 50 percent of college freshmen that drink spent more time drinking than studying.
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How to Babysit an Infant
Watch more Internships and Summer Jobs videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/391352-How-to-Babysit-an-Infant Earning a little extra money babysitting infants can be more fun -- and a lot easier -- than schlepping food at your local diner. Step 1: Ask for contact information Ask the infant's parents for all important contact information, including the pediatrician's number. Determine who to call if the parents are unavailable. Step 2: Locate supplies Locate all of the diaper supplies, bottles, milk, toys, clothing, and burp cloths. Step 3: Ask about bottle warming Ask the parents about their methods for bottle warming and about any feeding schedules they want you to follow. Tip Having a bottle filled and ready for warming will save you time and tears with a hungry infant. Prepare a bottle while the baby is still happy and content. Step 4: Ask about any special needs Ask the parents if the infant has any special needs or health concerns you should be aware of. Step 5: Determine schedule Determine if the infant has a set schedule for naps, feeding times, play time, or medications that you need to follow. Step 6: Ask about sleep habits Ask the parents if their baby has any special routine for sleep time, such as rocking, walking around, singing, or shushing. Tip When putting a baby to sleep, always be sure to lay the baby on his or her back to sleep, and without blankets or pillows surrounding them. Step 7: Follow routine Follow any routine the infant is accustomed to: play with and hold them, change their diaper, talk to the baby, and enjoy spending time with such a precious little person. Did You Know? A newborn baby can only see objects that are around 8 to 15 inches away.
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How to Detox Your House with Plants
Watch more Indoor Plants & Container Gardening videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/423067-How-to-Detox-Your-House-with-Plants Everyday household items can emit toxins that are unhealthy to breathe. You can naturally remove these toxins by decorating your home with common houseplants. Step 1: Get a spider plant Get a spider plant to reduce asthma-causing mold. The spider plant grows quickly and throws out long stems that produce small flowers and decorative hanging plantlets. Tip The plantlets, or "babies," produced by the spider plant can be rooted and transplanted to keep throughout your home. Step 2: Grow a peace lily Grow a peace lily, which is a tropical plant with striking white flowers. The peace lily removes acetone, which is commonly used to make plastic and fibers. Acetone is also found in tobacco smoke and car exhaust, which could be present in your home environment. Step 3: Keep a bamboo palm Keep a bamboo palm, also called a reed palm, to remove formaldehyde, benzene, and carbon monoxide from the air in your home. Bamboo palms are popular indoor plants because they're tall and narrow, and they thrive in indoor climates. Step 4: Buy a Janet Craig Buy a Janet Craig to absorb gaseous chemicals produced by pressed-wood furniture, plastic bags, computer ink, carpeting, and conventional household cleansers and cosmetics. Step 5: Grow mother-in-law's tongue Grow mother-in-law's tongue, also called a snake plant, to absorb airborne toxins and to act as a natural humidifier. Mother-in-law's tongues are easy to care for and make trouble-free detoxifiers. Step 6: Grow chrysanthemums Grow potted chrysanthemums to absorb toxins like formaldehyde, which is found in plastics, household cleaners, upholstery, clothes, facial tissues, and paper towels. Breathe easy knowing that you're protecting your family and pets while beautifying your home with natural, detoxifying plants. Did You Know? In the late 1960s, Bill Wolverton discovered that swamp plants were eliminating Agent Orange in the local waters near near Eglin Air Force Base.
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How to Survive a Zombie Attack
Watch more Disaster Survival & Worst-Case Scenarios videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/400092-How-to-Survive-a-Zombie-Attack Army of zombies on the loose? Check out these simple steps to help you survive an encounter with the undead. Step 1: Know your enemy Make sure you're facing an attack from actual zombies. Look for a stiff gait caused by rigor mortis, open wounds from decomposing flesh, and a hunger for human flesh. Step 2: Cover up Cover up to prevent potential zombie bites from turning you into one of them. Wear a mask with holes only for the eyes and mouth, long sleeves, gloves, close-toe shoes, and long pants tucked into your socks. You may look like a fashion victim, but you won't be a zombie victim. Step 3: Amass weapons Find a weapon to use in case you encounter a zombie. Grab a blunt object capable of bashing in undead heads or something to pierce the zombies' skulls -- even reanimated corpses can't survive severe brain injuries. Tip Don't try to reason with zombies -- their brain functions are limited to walking, moaning, and feasting on the living. Step 4: Head indoors Find a secure place to hide. Make sure it's located as far as possible from any graveyards and stocked with canned goods, bottled water, and projectile-firing weapons. Barricade the doors and windows to ensure your survival. Step 5: Fight back Hide out long enough to overcome your fear; then, attack back! Use human-scented objects to lure the zombies to low-lying areas; once they're contained, blast their brains from afar. Continue trapping and killing until all the zombies are dead, and it's eerily quiet enough for you to hear your still-beating heart. Did You Know? A traditional zombie cocktail is made with sugar, fruit juice, and 4 kinds of rum.
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How to Care for a Pet Guinea Pig
Cool Top Rated Products for any Small Pet Owner: Super Pet CritterTrail Extreme Challenge Habitat: http://amzn.to/1LLtA3C WARE Small Willow Barbell Chew Toy: http://amzn.to/1JNJRBj United Pet Group Salt Wheel Pet Treat: http://amzn.to/1KrY913 Lixit Assorted Critter Brites Deluxe Water Bottle: http://amzn.to/1EBD5mv Watch more How to Care for Small Pets videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/130206-How-to-Care-for-a-Pet-Guinea-Pig Guinea pigs often squeak with joy when their owners enter a room. How can you resist such welcoming pets? Step 1: Do research Before you actually bring your guinea pig home, do a little research online and in magazines and books. Guinea pigs need more care and attention than you might expect. Step 2: Get company Guinea pigs are social animals—they’d much rather live with another guinea pig or two than by themselves. If you want your little squeaker to be the happiest, get her a friend. Step 3: Consider roommates Female guinea pigs can usually live comfortably together. Male guinea pigs should be from the same litter to reduce grumpiness and fighting. And since guinea pig neutering isn’t widely available, don’t keep males and females in the same pen. Step 4: Give them room Guinea pigs need plenty of space to run around. One guinea pig needs at least four square feet of space—but the roomier, the better. Step 5: Line the cage Guinea pigs’ feet are delicate. Don’t keep them in wire-bottomed cages. Instead, use cages with solid bottoms, and line the cage or pen with newspaper topped with plenty of hay, shredded paper, or recycled pellet-type bedding. Tip A hard-sided children’s wading pool makes a good guinea pig pen. Step 6: Provide lots of hay A guinea pig’s main food source should be fresh, high-quality timothy hay. Feed your piggies as much hay as they’ll eat—they need the fiber, and munching on hay is the best way to keep their teeth from growing too long. Step 7: Give them vitamin C Guinea pigs depend on their owners to provide them with vitamin C. Commercial guinea pig pellets contain the necessary amount of C. Generally, one adult guinea pig needs a ¼ cup of pellets per day. Use fresh pellets, as vitamin C breaks down, and don’t substitute rabbit pellets, which aren’t the same thing. Tip Many guinea pigs think Vitamin C tablets are a treat. Give your piggies a quarter of a tablet once a week, or sprinkle a crushed tablet over their food. Step 8: Give them greens Guinea pigs should also have a handful of varied greens and vegetables each day. Provide those high in vitamin C like kale, dandelion greens, and strips of red pepper. Step 9: Give them water Guinea pigs drink tons of water. Make sure yours have clean, fresh water available at all times. Step 10: Provide hiding places Guinea pigs love having hiding places to play and sleep in. Try empty coffee cans, shoeboxes with holes cut in them, and overturned flowerpots. While guinea pigs like to play, they’re not particularly nimble—offer them balls and low ramps for exercise. Step 11: Let them run free Give your guinea pigs plenty of 'floor time' each day. Let them run around in a space that’s free of wires and other dangers—you don’t want them nibbling on your computer cords! Step 12: Groom your piggies Many guinea pigs love to be brushed. Longhaired guinea pigs should be brushed every day. Step 13: Watch their health Call a small-animal veterinarian if your guinea pigs are sneezing or coughing, have diarrhea, or seem lethargic. A happy, healthy guinea pig can live for up to 10 years, so with good care your little friend will be around for a nice long time. Did You Know? Excited guinea pigs sometimes jump up and down—a behavior called 'popcorning.'
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How to Get Organized for School
Watch more Back to School videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/408616-How-to-Get-Organized-for-School Being disorganized can affect your ability to concentrate and translate to poor grades. Get organized for school and everything will fall into place. Step 1: Set goals Set realistic goals for getting organized at the beginning of the school year. Plan to be on time, attend classes faithfully, finish your homework before having fun, and study for exams. Step 2: Rise earlier Stick to the schedule by waking up earlier to allow extra time for showering and getting dressed. Put your alarm clock across the room from your bed so you have to get out of bed to shut it off. Tip Go to bed early. There's nothing you need to stay up late for that can't wait until tomorrow. Step 3: Schedule your time Schedule your days and weeks in a color-coded calendar and a day planner so nothing falls through the cracks. Update your to-do lists constantly and prepare for tomorrow today. Step 4: Keep files Clear away clutter and set up an area in your room with everything at hand. Keep files for your classes in an organizer and get in the habit of depositing every paper where it belongs. Step 5: Prioritize Prioritize your homework by finishing assignments that are due in short order while intermittently working on assignments that are due later on. Step 6: Break up work Break study and homework time into small, manageable units with built-in periods of rest. Stick to a schedule that allows for classes, eating, sleeping, study, and relaxation. Include time to review notes before tests and avoid the anxiety that comes with being rushed. Tip Eating properly is crucial to academic performance. It provides the energy necessary to be at your best. Step 7: Plan rewards Reward yourself for achieving your goals. Schedule yourself one day a week when you don't have to think about school. Continually develop these sound habits and you will achieve academic success. Did You Know? In 2007, U.S. students ranked 17th in science and 24th in math among industrialized countries.
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How to Master Simple Ballroom Dancing
Like these Ballroom Dance Lessons !!! Check out the official app http://apple.co/1KeNNLG Watch more Ballroom Dancing 101 videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/25175-How-to-Master-Simple-Ballroom-Dancing The pumpkin just turned into a carriage, your glass slippers look fantastic, and the Prince is on his way, but — dammit — you still need to learn how to ballroom dance. Step 1: Get a partner While belly dancing and ballet can be done solo, ballroom dancing is always done in pairs. Ask a friend to help you out. Step 2: Perfect your posture Perfect your posture. Unlike casual dancing, a ballroom dancer doesn’t slouch or lean on their partner. Both the man and the woman must elongate their neck and body. Practice correct posture by standing straight against a wall. Step 3: Position the head Look over each other’s right shoulder. Now imagine you’re the most beautiful person on earth who has just met the other most beautiful person on earth. What’s that feel like? Exactly. Keep that expression throughout the dance. Step 4: Adjust your hand position Hold hands correctly. This means the man’s raised left hand holds the woman’s right hand, palms facing each other. The man’s right hand connects with the woman’s shoulder blade. His hand should be cupped, fingers together. The woman’s left hand should be on the man’s right shoulder, her fingers at the seam of his sleeve. Step 5: Position your body Having the perfect 'closed dance hold' means the woman is just slightly to the right of the man. This way the legs move between each other and the knees don’t hit. Tip When the couple is a man and a woman, the man generally takes the lead. In couples with just one sex, a decision will have to be made. Step 6: Draw a square on the floor Now that you have the basic positioning, learn the basic waltz box step, the most common step in ballroom dances like the rumba, waltz, or foxtrot. Start by taping out a small box on the floor. Step 7: Practice counting Practice counting one, two, three, one, two, three, one, two, three. This will be the essential timing, and the sooner it feels natural, the better. Step 8: Make a box with your feet Practice alone making a box with your feet. To make the first half of the box, step forward with your left foot — which is 'one' — and slide your right foot to meet it and then step to the right (two). Your weight now shifts to the right foot so your left slides to meet it (three). Step 9: Finish the box Now finish the box. Step back with your right foot (one) and slide your left to meet it and then to the left (two). Your weight now shifts to the left foot so your right slides to meet it (three). Tip If you’re in the women’s role, you will step backward to start. Step 10: Practice counting to music Now put it together, doing the box step by yourself in time to your one-two-three counting. Step 11: Practice with a partner Now practice with a partner. Count off five, six, seven, eight before you begin so you’ll both be prepared to start together on one. Tip Dancing is a close contact sport. Make sure your breath is okay before you start. Use a breath freshener. Step 12: Move around the floor After you feel comfortable with the box step, forget confining yourself strictly to the box, and let yourself move more naturally around the floor. Step 13: Start to turn Once you’re able to loosen up while keeping time with the beat, try turning. Turn slightly to the right as you step on one and two; you’ll begin traveling in a circle as you keep your basic box pattern. Step 14: Remember to maintain posture Remember to maintain your posture at all times, keeping your connection points. Stand up straight, Quasimodo! Good ballroom dancers never slouch or disconnect. Step 15: Practice every chance you get Now that you know how to do a basic waltz box step, practice every chance you get. This is just the beginning. Get out there and dance, dance, dance! Did You Know? 'Waltz' comes from the German word 'walzen,' which means to turn or roll.
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How to Survive a Lightning Storm
Watch more Hurricanes & Storms videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/328159-How-to-Survive-a-Lightning-Storm Lightning kills an average of 58 people per year in the United States. Make sure you and your loved ones don't become a statistic. Step 1: Know the warning signs Gauge the danger: If you can hear thunder, you're within striking distance of lightning. Tip Most lightning deaths and injuries occur in the summer. Step 2: Seek shelter Seek shelter in a fully enclosed building; open structures are not safe. Once inside, stay off electronics and corded phones and away from plumbing; lightning can travel through wires and plumbing. Remain indoors until 30 minutes after the thunder ends. Step 3: Get to a car If there is no enclosed building nearby but you have access to a car, get inside it, roll up the windows, and stay off electronic equipment. Step 4: Squat down If you're stuck in an open space, crouch down on the balls of your feet, feet together, to minimize your contact with the ground. Put your hands over your ears to protect yourself from acoustic shock, which can damage hearing. If you're with a group, leave at least 20 feet between each person to decrease the risk of more than one person getting struck. Step 5: Practice water safety Don't take a boat out on the water if a thunderstorm is predicted. If a storm catches you by surprise and you can't get to land, weigh anchor, stay in the cabin, if the boat has one, or crouch as low as possible within the boat. Avoid touching metal and don't use any electronic devices. Step 6: Know how to revive someone If you see someone get hit by lightning, call 911 and then evaluate their condition; you can't get electrocuted by touching them. If they're unconscious but breathing, wait for help. If they're not breathing, start CPR chest compressions and keep going until they regain consciousness or help arrives. Did You Know? You're 30 times more likely to die from a lightning strike than from a shark attack.
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How to Nail a Broadway Audition & Get the Part
Watch more How to Be an Actor videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/241659-How-to-Nail-a-Broadway-Audition-and-Get-the-Part Step 1: Go on a lot of auditions Go on as many casting calls as you can. It's the best way to gain experience and confidence. Tip Don't be bashful about re-auditioning for a show that turned you down; people are sometimes hired the second or even third time around. Step 2: Bring a headshot Bring a professional headshot that looks like you in daily life, as opposed to a glammed-up version. Directors and producers don't like it when actors look nothing like their photo. Step 3: Don't go in costume Wear clothes that suggest you have an understanding of the show so the director can envision you in the part. But don't show up in full costume. Tip If it's exclusively a dance audition, just wear your dance clothes. Step 4: Pick the right song If you're auditioning for a musical, pick audition songs that reflect the period or genre of the show – not the show itself. You can prepare a few from the actual show, but only sing them if you're asked to. Sing just 32 bars of a song unless otherwise specified. Tip Have your sheet music organized for the pianist: Mark where the music should start and end, and put it in the right key. Step 5: Rehearse your scene If you're auditioning for a drama, rehearse the "sides" – a few pages from the script that you are provided with in advance of the audition. Bring the pages to the auditioning venue; it's common to hold them while you perform. Step 6: Jump right in At the audition, greet the people judging you and then begin your performance; don't ask them for direction. If you make a mistake, keep going, or ask if you may start again. No one is looking for or expecting perfection. Step 7: Go with the flow If the director asks you to try something different, do it without argument, no matter how terrified or ill-equipped you feel. They are checking to see how well you take direction and how easily you go with the flow. Step 8: Act confident Exude confidence, or at least fake it. After all, you're an actor! Did You Know? Actor Ben Vereen was so impressive at his audition for the play Pippin that the director changed the age of a character to give him the part.
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How to Protect Yourself from a Stalker
Watch more Personal Security & Self-Defense videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/292636-How-to-Protect-Yourself-from-a-Stalker Stay one step ahead of your stalker with these safety precautions. Step 1: File a police report Ask your local police if the harassment meets the legal definition of stalking, which varies from state to state. If it does, file a police report so the stalking is on record. In any event, keep records of the harassment and save all evidence of it. Step 2: Consider an order of protection If the stalker is threatening to harm you or has tried to, weigh the pros and cons of getting an order of protection. Most stalkers violate them, but if they do, it will give police a reason to arrest them. Warning Taking out an order of protection may provoke your stalker to more aggressive behavior, so have a safety plan in place before you get one. Step 3: Ignore them Ignore your stalker. If they call, hang up, or set the phone down and let them talk until they hang up. Do not answer their e-mails, texts, or letters. Do not try to reason with them. Assume that any attention you give them will encourage them, and the more you engage with a stalker, the more they'll stalk you. Step 4: Get a P.O. Box Get a post office box for your mail. If you move, don't file a change of address with the post office; tell loved ones directly. Tip If your state has an address confidentiality program, join it. It allows stalking victims to set up a fictitious address to prevent a stalker from gaining access to their address via public records. Step 5: Set up a fraud alert Put a fraud alert on your credit reports by contacting the fraud department of each of the three main credit bureaus – Equifax, Experian, and TransUnion. This will help prevent your stalker from harassing you via identify theft because you'll be asked to verify any attempt to take out credit in your name. Step 6: Spread the word Tell everyone in your life – friends, relatives, neighbors, and co-workers – that you are being stalked so they are not tricked into divulging information about you. Step 7: Get help For more information, contact the Stalking Resource Center at 1-800-FYI-CALL or check out their web site at ncvc.org/src. Did You Know? Men are more likely to stalk their exes, while women tend to stalk acquaintances with whom they'd like to have a relationship.
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How to Make Fried Ice Cream
Like these Desserts !!! Check out the official app http://apple.co/1PCxoZe Watch more Delicious Desserts videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/316181-How-to-Make-Fried-Ice-Cream If you like ordering this tasty, hot-and-cold treat at restaurants, now you can whip it up yourself any time. Step 1: Line baking sheet Line a baking sheet with parchment paper. Step 2: Scoop ice cream onto baking sheet; freeze Scoop eight balls of vanilla ice cream onto the lined baking sheet and put it in the freezer for an hour, until the ice cream is solid. Step 3: Whip eggs in one bowl Whip the egg whites in a medium bowl until they are foamy. Put the crushed cereal in another bowl. Tip Use cookie crumbs, coconut flakes, or chopped walnuts instead of or in addition the cereals. Step 4: Roll ice cream Remove the ice cream from the freezer and roll each ball in the egg whites, then in the cereal, and then place them back on the baking sheet. Tip Make your fried ice cream extra crispy by dipping each ice cream ball in the eggs and cereal a second time. Step 5: Freeze the coated ice cream balls Return the baking sheet to the freezer for at least three more hours, until the balls are frozen. Step 6: Heat oil to 375 degrees Add 4 inches vegetable oil to a Dutch oven or large pot and heat it to 375 degrees. Tip Add ¼ teaspoon of salt to the oil just before frying to keep it from splattering. Step 7: Fry the ice cream and garnish Fry the frozen ice cream balls until they're golden brown, about 1 minute. Then place them in dessert dishes and garnish them with cinnamon, honey, whipped cream, chocolate sauce, and a cherry. Did You Know? The Roman emperor Nero often served sweetened snow as a dessert during his lavish feasts.
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How to Make Drawer Dividers
Watch more Closets, Storage & Organizers videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/315258-How-to-Make-Drawer-Dividers Here's a quick and easy way to get those messy drawers organized. Step 1: Measure the drawer Measure the inside height, width, and depth of the inside of the drawer. Step 2: Measure and cut paper Measure and cut the wrapping paper or contact paper to fit the inside bottom of the drawer. Adhere it with the double-sided tape. Step 3: Cut a strip of cardboard Cut a strip of cardboard to the inside length and depth of your drawer with the craft knife. Step 4: Cut slots Measure in one-third of the length of the strip from each side and cut ¼-inch wide notches through the bottom half of the strip. Step 5: Cut vertical dividers Measure and cut two more cardboard strips equal to the inside width and depth of the drawer. Cut ¼-inch notches at their midpoints, from the top down. Tip Wrap the three cardboard strips with more wrapping or contact paper, cutting out space at the notches. Step 6: Fit dividers together Fit the notches in the shorter cardboard strips perpendicularly into the notches in the long strip and fit the divider into your drawer. Step 7: Add dividers as needed Add or remove dividers as you need to, customizing the drawer for your needs. Did You Know? A study has shown that gift-wrapped items influence the recipient to have a more favorable attitude toward owning the gift.
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How to Understand the 3 Branches of Government
Watch more Politics 101 videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/415771-How-to-Understand-the-3-Branches-of-Government To make sure that no ruling body has absolute power, the Constitution splits government into three branches. Understand both their independent duties as well as their interactions. Step 1: Understand the legislative branch Become familiar with the legislative branch. Congress is split into the Senate and House of Representatives: these 2 bodies are responsible for writing and passing bills. Tip Every state has 2 senators, while the number of members per state in the House of Representatives is based on state population. Step 2: Recognize the executive powers Recognize the powers of the executive branch, which includes the President, Vice President, and Cabinet. In addition to having veto power on laws passed by Congress, the President is head of the military and responsible for making treaties with foreign countries. However, all treaties and declarations of war must be approved by Congress. Step 3: Know the judicial branch's duties Review the function of the judicial branch, America's federal court system. The Supreme Court in charge of establishing lower federal courts, and settling disputes over the application of federal laws to make sure all laws are constitutional. The 9 justices of the Supreme Court are appointed by the President but must be approved by Congress. Tip All Supreme Court justices serve on the Court for life unless they resign, retire, or are removed by Congress. Step 4: Check your checks and balances Recognize how the branches interact with and depend on each other. Each branch can check the power of the other branches so that power is distributed evenly, a system known as 'checks and balances'. The separation of power as well as this system of checks and balances is what makes our country run smoothly. Did You Know? Congress has denied the President's request to declare war only twice, once in 1815 and once in 1999.
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How to Protect Children from Kidnappers
Watch more Children's Health & Safety videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/404977-How-to-Protect-Children-from-Kidnappers It's every parent's worst nightmare. Make sure you and your kids are street savvy by reviewing these precautions. Step 1: Don't advertise their name Don't let your children wear or carry anything that has their name on it. Child predators sometimes use this information to trick children into thinking that they know them. Step 2: Don't restrict warning to strangers Don't just warn children about talking to strangers; abductors may befriend a child in anticipation of snatching them, so tell your children not to go off with anyone except their adult relatives. Teach them to yell, "This is not my parent!" Otherwise, bystanders may mistake an attempted abduction for a parent-child spat. Tip Have a family code word and teach children not to go with anyone who doesn't know it. Step 3: Prepare them for an abduction attempt Teach your children that if anyone tries to grab them, they should make a scene, even if they are threatened. Tell them to scream as loud as they can and fight back with all their might. Tip Teach children to "yell if you're told not to yell; tell if you're told not to tell." Step 4: Make their shoes distinctive Make their shoes distinctive. Kidnappers may change a child's clothes and cut or dye their hair, but they rarely think to replace their shoes. Also, always know what your children are wearing when they leave the house and be up to date on their height and weight. Step 5: Warn about adults needing help Warn children to run away from strangers who ask for their help. This is a common ploy abductors use to get a child to go somewhere with them. Step 6: Carry current photos Keep a current photo of your children on you. It will save precious time if the worst happens and your child is abducted. Did You Know? A study of attempted child abductions found that in 84 percent of the cases, the child escaped thanks to their own actions, with 35 percent actively resisting and 49 percent running away.
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How to Transform a Room into a Camera Obscura
Watch more How to Do Fun Tech & Science Projects videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/387145-How-to-Transform-a-Room-into-a-Camera-Obscura A camera obscura, also known as a pinhole camera, is the concept that made modern-day photography possible. Now use the same principal to turn a whole room into a walk-in camera! Step 1: Find a room Find a room that has a window with a decent view. Look for a blank wall opposite the window, since that's where the picture will be projected. If it's not blank, hang a white sheet on the wall. Step 2: Create the lens Unscrew the ring from the top of the flashlight and remove the lens. Place the ring in the middle of the sheet of poster board, and cut a hole around it. Then, tape the ring to the cardboard with duct tape. This will be the lens for the camera obscura. Step 3: Prepare the room Tape the remaining poster board over the window, overlapping if necessary. Leave an area uncovered in the middle of the window for the lens. Step 4: Add the lens Tape the lens backing to the window with duct tape. The window should now be completely covered, and aside from the lens hole, there should be no light passing through. Step 5: Darken the room Turn off all lights in the room and close the door so that the only light entering the room is from the camera lens. After a few minutes, your eyes will adjust to the dark, and an image should appear on the wall opposite the window. Tip You may need to place a blanket under the door to block out any extra light. Step 6: View the image You should now see an upside-down image of the outside world projected onto the wall. Why? Since light rays travel in a straight line, they hit the objects outside, pass through the small opening of the lens, and transmit an upside-down image of the objects on the opposite wall. This is the same method cameras use to capture images. Step 7: Capture your creation Unless you want to cover your entire wall in photographic paper, you'll need a way to capture what you see. Grab a camera with an adjustable exposure setting and set the exposure to around 30 seconds, which is ideal for low-light photographs. Take a moment to marvel at your contraption; it's not every day that you get to walk inside a camera! Did You Know? The first digital camera offered to the general public went on sale in 1990, cost $995, and took grayscale photos.
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How to Improve Your Test Scores
Watch more How to Ace Standardized Tests videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/6636-How-to-Improve-Your-Test-Scores Studying is just one of the things you can do to get good grades. Here are some scientifically proven ways to ace your tests. Step 1: Go to bed early Go to bed early the night before. Sleeping only six hours instead of eight increases levels of the stress hormone cortisol by 50%, and sleep- deprived people score 30% lower on memory tests. Tip Study right before you turn in. Research shows we remember things better that way, because the act of sleeping 'locks' the information in our brain. Step 2: Eat breakfast Don’t skip the corn flakes. Students who eat breakfast score higher on tests and report less test-related anxiety. Best bets? Eggs for brain-boosting choline, and oatmeal for a calming increase in serotonin levels. Tip After your healthy breakfast, treat yourself with a little dark chocolate. It boosts memory, alertness, and concentration, and its special chemicals even decrease anxiety. Step 3: Visualize success Imagine acing the test. Sounds crazy, but visualizing success, like a term paper marked 'A,' stimulates the alpha waves associated with relaxation, making you less likely to choke during the exam. Tip Stuck on a question? Go with your gut. Your first hunch is almost always the right one! Step 4: Chew gum Pop a stick of gum. In one British study, the act of chewing was found to activate the hippocampus, the brain area responsible for memory, improving recall by 35%. Tip Go for peppermint or spearmint flavors: Mint scents increase alertness, leading to fewer mistakes. Step 5: Use acupressure Use this acupressure trick: Press the spot on your wrist about two thumb widths down from the base of the palm. Acupuncturists believe this signals the heart to slow to a more soothing rhythm. Tip Put a bit of fresh rosemary in your pocket on test day—it’s a proven memory booster! In fact, in ancient Greece, students wore sprigs of rosemary in their hair on exam day. Step 6: Drink water Bring a bottle of water with you to the test. Even the slightest dip in hydration levels can lead to stress, memory loss, and a drop in mental functioning. Step 7: Take deep breaths If you feel anxious during the test, take a deep breath. Breathe into your belly, not your chest; count to 10 as you inhale and 10 as you exhale. This helps you focus and lowers stress hormones in seconds. Did You Know? Most multiple-choice answers are B and C, and on true/false tests, there are usually more trues than falses.
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How to Tie a Cherry Stem In a Knot with Your Tongue
Watch more Party Games & Tricks videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/217083-How-to-Tie-a-Cherry-Stem-In-a-Knot-with-Your-Tongue Tying a cherry stem into a knot using only your teeth and tongue is a fun skill to have. And it's actually quite easy. Step 1: Show stem to audience Demonstrate to your audience the cherry stem is not already in a knot before placing it in your mouth. Tip A maraschino cherry works better than a fresh one, because its stem has been soaked in liquid, making it easier to manipulate. Step 2: Soften stem Soften the cherry stem with your saliva for a few seconds. Tip You may want to bend the stem a few times or gently chew it to further soften it before attempting to knot it. Step 3: Push down middle of stem Push down on the middle of the stem with the tip of your tongue, so that it bends upward into a "U." Step 4: Form an "X" Using the back of your front teeth as a stabilizer, cross one end of the stem over the other, forming an "X." Step 5: Hold in place & push loop upwards Hold one end of the "X" in place with your teeth while pushing the loop upwards with your tongue towards the free end of the "X." Step 6: Push free end through loop Push the free end of the "X" through the loop using the bottom edge of your available front tooth. Step 7: Release end of stem Once the tip of the stem is through the loop, release the other end of the stem from your teeth. Step 8: Position stem Now position the stem so that the loop is flat against your four front teeth and the tip that is through the loop is pointing out. Step 9: Push end further through loop Push the end of the stem further through the loop until you can't push anymore. Tip If you can't get the knot very tight, use a little sleight of hand as you remove it from your mouth, holding one end with your teeth as you pull on the other end. Step 10: Show it off Voila--you're done! Now put the knot in the palm of your hand and show it off! Did You Know? After actress Sherilyn Fenn pretended to tie a cherry stem with her tongue on the TV show Twin Peaks, co-star Madchen Amick showed the cast and crew that she could actually do it!
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How to Get Better Grades
Watch more How to Study videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/347269-How-to-Get-Better-Grades With a little effort and focus, your next report card will sport better grades. Step 1: Attend class Attend every class and be on time. Step 2: Understand your assignments Understand your assignments. Make sure you know what is expected by your teacher. Step 3: Sit in front Sit in front of the classroom, near other students who actively participate. Tip Pay attention during class. Don't get distracted or daydream. Work to stay engaged. Step 4: Complete your homework Complete your assigned readings and work on time. Talk with your teacher if you are having difficulty with an assignment. Tip Designate a time every day to do homework. Stick to your schedule and make it a habit. Step 5: Participate in discussions Participate in class. Ask questions and engage in discussions. Step 6: Take notes Take notes and keep your notebooks organized. Jot down general ideas and concepts in class and then neatly rewrite your notes at home. Step 7: Study Study with a friend, get a tutor, or join a study group. Take an active role in getting more out of class, and your grades will reflect your efforts. Did You Know? The 2009 job market was excellent for the 950 American graduates who earned their Ph.D. in Economics, since approximately 2,200 economic jobs were available worldwide.
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How to Tell If Santa Came While You Were Sleeping
Watch more How to Have a Merry Christmas videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/402184-How-to-Tell-If-Santa-Came-While-You-Were-Sleeping Aside from the pile of gifts under the tree, how can you really tell if Santa came while you were asleep? Here are some traps you can set and clues to look for. Step 1: Set up a test Leave a snack for Santa that your parents don't like. That way, if it's eaten, you'll know it wasn't just your mom and dad messing with you. Tip Put out grass for the reindeer. Most folks leave carrots, but reindeer prefer grass; that's why those carrots are usually only half-eaten. Step 2: Look for white hairs Put a comb and mirror alongside Santa's snack. Santa likes to look good, and won't be able to resist giving his 'stache and beard a quick grooming -- the white hairs left behind will prove that he came while you were sleeping. Step 3: Take a picture Take a few pictures of your living room before you go to bed. A big guy like Santa can't go bustling around with a sack on his back without knocking into a few things. The next morning, you'll be able to compare scenes to see if anything's been disturbed. Step 4: Check for soot Check the presents for black streaks. Santa slides down a lot of chimneys on Christmas Eve; it would be impossible for none of that soot to transfer to the gifts. Step 5: Feel for dampness Feel the floor for damp spots -- evidence of North Pole snow clinging to Santa's boots. Step 6: Don't be discouraged Don't be discouraged if you don't find any solid proof that Santa came while you were sleeping. As someone who's been secretly delivering presents for thousands of years, Santa's gotten pretty darn good at covering his tracks. Did You Know? The reindeer names "Donner" and "Blitzen" come from the words "thunder" and "lightning" in German.
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How to Evaluate a Rental Apartment
Watch more All about Apartment Rentals videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/307277-How-to-Evaluate-a-Rental-Apartment The time to discover peeling paint, creaky floorboards, or that the place was built on a cursed burial ground is before you sign on the dotted line. Step 1: Inspect surroundings Inspect the neighborhood for things that will affect your quality of life inside the apartment. For instance, a restaurant or nightclub. Tip Make your appointment for the weekend, when you can gauge the noise level of your neighbors. It’s hard to know whether the walls are paper-thin if you’re the only one in the building on a weekday. Step 2: Survey for safety Inquire about safety. Ask the landlord a few questions: Does the lobby entrance lock? Have the elevators been inspected recently? Are there smoke and carbon monoxide detectors? Step 3: Sanitation Check the common areas, like stairwells, trash rooms and laundry facilities, to see how clean they are. Tip Look for hidden rodent and cockroach traps to be sure there are no pest problems. Step 4: Check for damage Check the walls for holes or peeling paint. Open and close every single door, drawer, window, and cabinet to make sure they work properly. If there is damage, ask the landlord to make repairs before you move in. Step 5: Test water Run the hot and cold water in every faucet and flush the toilets to ensure that the water pressure is good, and that there are no leaks or slow drains. Step 6: Check electricity Check all electrical fixtures and appliances. Plug an appliance or electronic device into the outlets to make sure you’ll have power. Step 7: Check heat and AC Ask about the heat and air conditioning. Will you have control over these utilities? If so, where are the thermostat and vents? Make sure you know how to use them, and that they work. Tip If you enjoy natural light, check the sun exposure of the apartment to make sure it's not dark and gloomy. Step 8: Get it in writing Put in writing anything that needs to be repaired and have the landlord or leasing agent sign it before you sign a lease. Did You Know? The median rent payment in the U.S. is $755 per month.
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How to Pick Any Padlock or Combination Lock
Watch more Home Security & Safety videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/218072-How-to-Pick-Any-Padlock-or-Combination-Lock Forgot the key – or combination – to your lock again? No worries; we're going to help you pick that padlock without breaking it. Warning Working with sharp objects and cut aluminum is dangerous. Use extreme caution. Step 1: Cut off the ends Using a straight-edge razor, carefully cut the top and bottom off an aluminum soda can. Step 2: Slice from top to bottom Cut the can from top to bottom using the scissors, and then fold the aluminum down so you have a flat sheet. Trim the edges so they are straight. Step 3: Mark rectangles Using a marker, draw rectangles on the silver side of the aluminum sheet that are 1 ½ by 2 ½ inches, and cut one of them out. Step 4: Quarter one strip Take one of the strips, draw a vertical centerline across the middle, and mark the strip horizontally into four equal sections. Step 5: Draw an "M" Draw an "M" whose top reaches the halfway point of the middle line and whose sides are about a quarter of the way in on each side. But instead of the center of the "M" looking like a "V," round the bottom so it looks like a "U." Step 6: Cut out the triangles Using scissors, cut out the M with the rounded middle tip that you drew. Fold the top quarter down to the middle of the rectangle, and the two legs of the "M" up from the bottom so that they cover the piece of metal you've just folded down. Step 7: Roll the center Find something the approximate circumference of your padlock shackle, like a pen or marker, and wrap the shim (the "U" shape) around it, shaping it to fit into the narrow space between the shackle and the lock. Fold back the wings. Step 8: Pick the lock Using the wings as handles, wrap the cylinder part of the lock pick around the shackle and insert the curved part in the space between the lock and shackle. Maneuver it around until the lock pops. Did You Know? There are lock-picking clubs all over the world devoted to the hobby of picking locks for sport.
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How to Create a Phenakistoscope
Watch more Animation Techniques videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/148840-How-to-Create-a-Phenakistoscope The phenakistoscope is a predecessor of the flip book, but don't worry: it's easier to make than pronounce. Step 1: Sketch a plan of your animation Plan out your animation with sketches. There should be 8 to 12 steps, each representing a frame. Tip The best animations for a phenakistoscope are cyclical, like a horse galloping or a child jumping rope. Step 2: Draw a circle Anchor your compass point in the center of the stiff paper and draw a circle that just touches the edges. Leave a small mark where the compass is anchored. Tip If you’re using a manila folder, cut it along the crease and use half of it as the stiff paper. Step 3: Bisect the circle Use the ruler to draw a faint line that bisects the circle. Step 4: Divide the circle into pieces Use the protractor to divide the circle into equally-sized 'wedges,' with each wedge representing a frame in your animation. Tip To divide the circle into eight wedges, each piece should be 45 degrees. For 9 wedges, 40 degrees; 10 wedges, 36 degrees; 11 wedges, 33 degrees; and 12 wedges, 30 degrees. Step 5: Cut out the circle Cut out the whole circle. Step 6: Cut slots Cut small rectangular slots about 1/8th inch wide by 1 inch long along the separating lines of each wedge. Start at the very outside of the circle and cut inward. Step 7: Make a small hole Poke a small hole through the center of the wheel, or slightly widen the one that is already there. Step 8: Repeat on drawing paper Repeat Steps 2 through 5 on the drawing paper, but make this circle 2 inches smaller in diameter. Step 9: Draw your animation On the drawing paper circle, create your animation step-by-step, clockwise around the circle. This is your animation wheel. Step 10: Align and cement the animation wheel With a small dabs of rubber cement on the back, align the animation wheel so that it is centered on the thick paper wheel. Allow 10 minutes for the rubber cement to dry. Tip The smaller wheel should come about to the slots you cut in Step 7. Step 11: Poke the thumbtack Poke the thumbtack through the animation wheel and the hole you created in the heavy paper… Step 12: Push the thumbtack into the eraser Push the thumbtack into the side of the pencil eraser. It should be in firmly enough to stick, but still loose enough for you to be able to spin the wheel freely. Step 13: Face the mirror Face the mirror, then hold your phenakistoscope up with the animated side pointed away from you. Step 14: Spin the phenakistoscope Gently spin the phenakistoscope while looking through the slits. The animation will appear in the mirror. Did You Know? The phenakistoscope was invented in 1832 by the Belgian physicist Joseph Plateau.
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How to Ace an Interview with Your Body Language
Watch more How to Ace Job Interviews videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/418753-How-to-Ace-an-Interview-with-Your-Body-Language Watch that posture! When it comes to first impressions, your body language goes a long way in conveying confidence and competence. Learning how to carry yourself during a job interview may mean the difference between being written off and being remembered. Step 1: Deliver the handshake Walk in, make eye contact, and deliver a handshake with a firm grip, looking your interviewer right in the eye. Confident body language suggests you are the perfect candidate for the job. Step 2: Sit up straight Sit up straight with your feet firmly on the floor. Don't rock, drum fingers, glance around, or shake your foot. Slumping, fidgeting, or apparent impatience comes off as low self-esteem, or worse, disinterest. Step 3: Connect with them Connect with your interviewer. Nod, use your hands while talking, and be enthusiastic without overdoing it to the point of distraction or insincerity. Step 4: Enunciate clearly Enunciate clearly, taking time to consider questions. Convey the sincerity they can expect you to bring to the job. Speak slowly, deliberately, with resonance and confidence. Step 5: Smile and relax Smile once in a while. Be personable and feel free to ask questions, taking control so that the interview becomes a relaxed conversation. Tip Mirror the interviewer's body language, which is known as a joining technique. If their arms and/or legs are crossed, or closed, do the same. If they move their hands when they speak, they're considered open. Step 6: Walk out head up Walk out with purpose and strength. No matter how you feel you've done, leave with your head held high. Did You Know? From 2006 through 2008, the number of Americans receiving outplacement support after a layoff increased by 50 percent.
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How to Stay Awake at Work
Watch more How to Work More Productively videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/316321-How-to-Stay-Awake-at-Work Sometimes monotonous work can bore you, and sometimes you just don't get enough sleep. Learn to stay alert if you don't want to get caught dozing at your desk. Step 1: Use light Expose yourself to bright light, preferably natural daylight, to remind your mind and body that you should be awake. Step 2: Drink water Drink water to stay hydrated. Dehydration causes fatigue. Tip Caffeine can keep you awake, but large doses often come with a crash. Step 3: Move Get up from your desk every 30 minutes to walk, jump, or otherwise move around. Step 4: Keep cool Keep cool by walking in cold weather, turning on the air conditioning, or splashing cold water on your face. Step 5: Chew gum Chew eucalyptus gum. A strong smell can wake you right up. Step 6: Use acupressure Massage your neck and the backs of your hands to improve circulation. Step 7: Listen to music Listen to up-tempo music. Nothing soothing or relaxing, but something that really gets you going. Did You Know? Humans sleep less than other primates, like chimps and baboons, who sleep around 10 hours per day.
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How to Choose the Best Location for Your Birdcage
Watch more How to Take Care of a Pet Bird videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/217395-How-to-Choose-the-Best-Location-for-Your-Birdcage Your bird needs more than just a great cage. Like any family member, she needs a place to hang out with the family as well as a little privacy. After all, she’s part of the flock! Step 1: Entertain First and foremost, your bird needs company. The cage should be placed where you and your family or friends are likely to hang out most of the time--the family room, the living room, or near the kitchen. Tip Birds are tremendously vulnerable to fumes. An overheated non-stick surface--a non-stick pan, a toaster oven, even an iron or ironing board--can kill a bird. So never put a birdcage directly in the kitchen or near where you’ll be ironing. Step 2: Avoid hectic areas Although the cage should be in a well-trafficked part of the home, it shouldn’t be anywhere that’s extremely busy. For example, keep the cage out of a front hall where people rush in and out and the door keeps slamming. Tip Some birds get freaked out if their cage is placed under a noisy kids’ bedroom, or under a room where music is often played loudly. Step 3: Place cage near natural light Your feathered friend’s cage should be exposed to plenty of natural light. However, most bird experts agree that it’s stressful for a bird to have her cage directly in front of a window. Tip If the cage can’t be set up near a source of good natural light, set up a timed full-spectrum lamp near the cage. The timer should be set to keep the light on for 12 to 14 hours a day. Step 4: Put back of cage against wall Ideally, the back of the cage should be against a wall. Your bird will feel more secure and less exposed that way. Step 5: Elevate cage And speaking of security, a birdcage should not sit directly on the floor. Birds need to feel they can see what’s going on in a room. Unless the cage has legs, set it on a cage stand or a table. Step 6: Avoid temperature extremes Keep the cage away from the blast of a heating vent or an air conditioner. Birds can handle the occasional draft, but not a constant hot or cold breeze in their faces. Step 7: Keep cage free of chewable objects If your bird’s a nibbler, keep the cage away from shelves where the bird can reach through the bars and grab your stuff. You want her playing with her own toys, not your antique linens or the phone cord. Step 8: Get acquainted Found a home for your bird’s home? Great! Now you and she can settle down to get acquainted. If she’s a talker, she may be asking you what’s for dinner before long. Did You Know? Many birds love having a 'snuggly,' such as a soft cotton ring or a little fleece blanket, to cuddle up with.
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How to Make Your Voice Sound Deeper
Watch more Singing Tips videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/241156-How-to-Make-Your-Voice-Sound-Deeper Most of us could only sound like Barry White by gargling cockleburs. But you can pull off a throaty, soulful resonance with the right kind of practice. Step 1: Reduce stress Reduce stress in your life, which tightens muscles, including the ones that influence your voice. Deep resonance derives from loose vocal cords. Step 2: Hum and raise head Hum in low registers with your head down and your chin just above your chest. Then raise your head, still humming, to face the ceiling. This will stretch your vocal cords. Tip Your voice is lower when you wake up because your larynx has been relaxed and reverberating at its proper, deeper register. Apply mentholated ointment to your chest before going to sleep to further relax your throat muscles. Step 3: Speak slowly Speak slowly and project from the back of your throat, allowing sound to vibrate from your chest. Keep your head up when you speak. Tip Don’t force yourself to be what you are not. If you are a tenor, be that, instead of hurting your voice trying to change. Step 4: Exercise neck muscles Exercise your neck and strengthen it, because weak neck muscles force muscles around the vocal cords to strain to help out, tightening and thinning sound. Step 5: Breathe deeply Breathe deeply into your diaphragm without flexing your abs. Exhale making the hissing sound of a snake. Taking in a lot of air makes outflow gentler and richer. Tip Scream-singing like a rocker can condition and deepen vocal sound, but is a dangerous way to do it. Step 6: Drink water Drink lots of room temperature water to hydrate. Cold water tightens the muscles and makes them inflexible. Did You Know? Did you know? A study of 100 adults in Tanzania found a link between men with deeper voices and the number of children they had.
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How to Paper-Train Your Dog
Top Rated Products for any Dog Owner: FURminator deShedding Tool for Dogs: http://amzn.to/1JBydfH Bil-Jac Little Jacs Liver Training Treats: http://amzn.to/1UrI76w Earthbath All Natural Grooming Wipes: http://amzn.to/1JykFiY Premier Gentle Leader Head Dog Collar: http://amzn.to/1FjRGxo Earth Rated® Green Dispenser with Dog Waste Poop Bags: http://amzn.to/1KI1IyE Watch more Dog Training 101 videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/133498-How-to-PaperTrain-Your-Dog Dogs have to learn bowel etiquette much quicker than humans, and these helpful steps will make sure your paper-trained pooch becomes man's best friend, not your carpet's worst nightmare. Step 1: Be patient Muster your patience—heaps of it, if you're training a puppy. Puppies will have a hard time fully controlling their bowels and bladders for at least 6 months. Tip If the weather and circumstances permit, you can paper-train a dog at the same time as you're housebreaking her. Step 2: Install puppy gate Confine your puppy or dog to a small area—preferably one with an impervious floor such as tile or vinyl—by installing a puppy gate. Choose a part of your house where you spend lots of time, so your pooch won't feel lonely. Step 3: Line floor w/ newspaper Line the floor with plenty of newspaper. Tip Newspapers run out fast when there's a puppy in the house! Your neighbors may have a stash they can give you. Step 4: Set up training area Put the puppy's bed, toys, and food and water bowls in the training area as well. Step 5: Give her a treat Whenever your dog eliminates on the newspaper, give her a treat. The puppy will eventually equate doing her business on the paper with being rewarded. Step 6: Replaced newspaper Replace the soiled bits with clean paper. Your puppy might want to play with the nasty paper, so check from time to time that the entire floor is still covered. Step 7: Remove newspapers Dogs generally dislike going to the bathroom near where they eat and sleep, so they'll eventually begin to do their business in one specific area. Once your dog has been doing this for a few days, gradually remove all newspapers except in this area. Step 8: Let dog out of training area After the dog is reliably using only one small patch of newspapers, you can begin letting her out of the training area into other parts of the house. Step 9: Watch for signs Watch for signs that your dog needs to use the paper—squatting, circling, or sniffing the floor. You can then rush her to the papered spot. Remember that puppies need to eliminate frequently—about every 45 minutes. Step 10: Move on to housebreaking Unless you live in the top floor of a high-rise and have a tiny dog, paper-training is just the first step. Now you and your pet are ready to move on to housebreaking! Did You Know? A small dog that's been paper-trained can also be trained to use a litter box, which is helpful for homebound or elderly dog owners—or owners who like to sleep in!
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How to Convince Your Mother to Let You Get a Dog
Watch more How to Improve Family Relationships videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/416278-How-to-Convince-Your-Mother-to-Let-You-Get-a-Dog If you've dreamed of canine companionship but a stubborn parent is standing in your way, use this guide to champion all the benefits of a family dog. Step 1: Research Research the right type of dog for your family and lifestyle as well as the cost of the license, shots, and other fees. Be as knowledgeable as possible. Tip Show off several possible options to get your mother interested and emotionally involved in picking a cute furry friend. Step 2: Display responsibility Display enough responsibility to take care of a dog by keeping up with your chores, cleaning your room, and maintaining good grades in school. Step 3: Talk about benefits Talk about the benefits of getting a dog such as security at home, friendship, and more time outside playing instead of lounging in front of the TV. Step 4: Offer incentives Offer incentives such as chipping in for the cost, or ask for a dog as a gift for a birthday or for a major personal accomplishment like straight A's. Tip A part-time job will help with the costs of the dog and speak volumes on your commitment level. Step 5: Counter negatives Think of possible reasons your mother doesn't want a dog and come up with counter arguments to keep her from saying no right away. Step 6: Beg Beg as a last resort. If nothing's working, drop the topic, but bring it up periodically until a compromise is reached and a new puppy or dog is adopted. Did You Know? The bloodhound, known for its keen sense of smell, is the only dog breed to have the evidence it collects allowed in a court of law.
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How to Convince Your Parents to Let You Wear Makeup
Watch more How to Improve Family Relationships videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/316021-How-to-Convince-Your-Parents-to-Let-You-Wear-Makeup Are you ready to start wearing makeup, but your parents need a little convincing? Here are a few tips to get you started. Step 1: Give your reasons Explain the reasons you want to wear makeup to your parents. Don't tell them "because everyone else is doing it." That never works. Tip Your parents will probably tell you that you're beautiful the way you are. Explain that you don't want to change your looks -- you just want to enhance them. Step 2: Ask your mom to put some makeup on you Ask your mom to put some makeup on you herself. Just a little bit -- to see how you look. Step 3: Ask for their opinion Ask if you can try to put a little on yourself. Tell them you want to show them how you want to look. Use very little, and then ask if they like it. Step 4: Start small Start by only wearing lip gloss and nail polish. Don't accentuate your face and create a drastic difference. Step 5: Go to store Go to a department store and get a free makeover with your mom. Let her see that you can wear natural-looking makeup. Step 6: Research Research cosmetic products to find which ones are best for your skin and then show the results to your parents. Step 7: Don't argue Be patient if they don't give in right away. Don't get angry. Wait a few weeks, and then ask again. Did You Know? In 2004, there were approximately 12,454 beauty supply, cosmetic, and perfume stores nationwide according to the U.S. Census.
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How to Outsmart Your Kids with Child Psychology
Watch more How to Instill Good Values in Kids videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/292652-How-to-Outsmart-Your-Kids-with-Child-Psychology Are your children running the household? Take back control with these sneaky strategies from parenting experts. Step 1: Rephrase negatives into positives Instead of telling your child what not to do, tell them what they should do; this plants the correct action in their head. For example, saying, "Look both ways before you cross the street!" is more effective than saying, "Don't run into the street without looking!" Step 2: Limit their choices When you want your child to do something they may not want to do, provide a few choices. Children – like adults – tend to be more cooperative if they feel they have some control. Plus, it removes the option of refusal because you haven't asked something that can be answered with "yes" or "no." Step 3: Use reverse psychology Use reverse psychology by forbidding them to do something you want them to do. Tip Reverse psychology works best on children under age seven. Step 4: Challenge them Turn commands into challenges, as in, "I bet you can't eat all that broccoli." Step 5: Add a silly element Add a silly element to a request, like, "Hey, why don't you hop around and whistle while you put away your toys?" They'll likely be so busy focusing on the nonsense part they'll forget to give you a hard time. Step 6: Break their bad habit Break their bad habit. Put money in a jar, telling them you will remove a certain amount each time they engage in the offensive conduct. After four weeks – the amount of time psychologists say it takes to break a habit – they may keep whatever is in the jar. It gives them incentive to break the habit, and teaches them that actions have consequences. Tip Never use a bribe jar to get a child to eat something; it will send the message that there are "good" and "bad" foods. Step 7: Stay calm Remain calm when your child acts up – especially if you usually get emotional. A cool demeanor can be more effective than yelling and screaming, which many children – especially teenagers – tend to tune out. Did You Know? The percentage of parents who believe in spanking dropped from 94 percent in 1968 to 61 percent in 2004, according to one study.
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How to Take Minutes at a Business Meeting
Watch more Business Skills videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/383493-How-to-Take-Minutes-at-a-Business-Meeting If you work in a business environment, the time is going to come when you will be asked to take minutes at a meeting. Impress your colleagues by already knowing how by following these steps. Step 1: Bring a notebook Bring a notebook to the meeting with you. If you will be writing minutes often, you may want to buy a good notebook to keep your minutes in rather than a cheap one. Tip If you have a laptop, you should use it to save time later. Step 2: Send around a sign in sheet Create a simple sign-in sheet that has columns for name and contact information and pass it around. You will be able to refer to this record in order to document attendance. Tip Find out who was supposed to be there and make sure you include the people who did not attend in the minutes under regrets. Step 3: Begin note-taking Begin note-taking by noting the date of the meeting and the time the meeting was called to order. Step 4: Record old business Record old business, which is anything that needed a follow up from the last meeting. Note anything that was done or not done and by whom. Step 5: Record new business Record new business. For example, when someone has an issue to address they will make a motion. Note exactly what they said along with who seconded the motion and whether or not the motion passed. Step 6: Finish notes Write down any action items or things specific participants agreed to do, but don't transcribe word for word debates or discussions. End the notes with the time the meeting adjourned and the date of the next meeting. Step 7: Type and distribute Type up the minutes as soon as possible after the meeting so it's fresh in your mind. Once you have typed them, distribute them to members for review and approval at the next meeting. Did You Know? During one day, there is an average of 17 million meetings in America.
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How to Improve Your Memory with the Memory Palace Technique
Watch more Memory Techniques videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/351792-How-to-Improve-Your-Memory-with-the-Memory-Palace-Technique Memory can fade with age – stay sharp by using the Memory Palace technique to recall information. Step 1: Choose your palace Select a place with many rooms that you can vividly picture in your mind's eye, such as your home or workplace. Step 2: Chart a path Chart a specific route through every nook and cranny of your "palace." Always start in the same place, follow the same path, and end in the same place. Step 3: Create "memory slots" Create a system for traveling through each room, such as always going from left to right. Note all of the features of each room, such as a desk, lamp, trash bin, dresser, and a painting – see each item as a "memory slot" where you can store information. Step 4: Place objects along your path Associate objects or ideas you want to remember with features in your memory palace. Locate them on your route in the order that you want to remember them. Tip Exaggerate images to aid in the recall process. For instance, imagine tons of huge apples dangling from one of your houseplants to remind yourself to buy apples. Step 5: Recall information Start at the beginning of your route and visit each feature in turn to readily recall the information you have stored. Soon people will comment on your excellent memory. Did You Know? Memory recall dramatically drops within the first 20 minutes of learning something.
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How to Sue for Wrongful Termination
Watch more How to Understand Legal Issues videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/258268-How-to-Sue-for-Wrongful-Termination Recently terminated employees may harbor ill feelings against their former employer – but not everyone has a case for wrongful termination. Find out whether you might prevail in court with this advice. Step 1: Know when regulations are on your side Know that you have a case if your employer has violated state or federal discrimination law, employment-related provisions in the Fair Credit Reporting Act or Bankruptcy Act, or the company's own policy. Step 2: Stand up for your rights Stand up if your employer fires you for reasonably exercising your rights under labor laws, participating in a union, or taking leave for military service or under the Family and Medical Leave Act. Tip Your employer cannot legally terminate you for refusing to break a law or for whistle-blowing. Step 3: Plan your exit Inquire about why you were terminated. Retain the company handbook and any records that may prove that your employer treated you unfairly. Become familiar with your employment agreement's provisions. Step 4: Weigh your options File a complaint, if appropriate, with the appropriate government agency, and/or file a private lawsuit. Step 5: File a complaint form Bring your complaint to the Department of Labor, Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, or Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Step 6: Brace for a battle Recognize that the Doctrine of Employment At Will, which states that an employer can terminate an employee at will and without consequence, can make it difficult to prove wrongful termination. Tip Request and negotiate a severance package and obtain all severance agreements in writing. Step 7: Seek out an attorney Seek the advice of a labor law attorney sooner rather than later due to statutes of limitation. Lawyers often take winnable wrongful termination cases on a contingency basis. Did You Know? One study found that plaintiffs in wrongful termination suits prevailed at trial between 47% and 57% of the time.
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How to Be a Renaissance Man
Watch more Man Up: Your Guide to Masculine Pursuits videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/328479-How-to-Be-a-Renaissance-Man Jack-of-all-trades, master of none? Think again. Unleash your inner polymath with these tips. Step 1: Learn the lore Learn the lore. In Europe, beginning in the 14th century, the idea that man is limitless in his capacity for development took hold, leading people like Leonardo da Vinci, a famous Renaissance man, to pursue excellence in everything from science to physical development to painting and sculpting. Tip You don't have to be a man to be multi-talented. Hildegard of Bingen was a 12th-century German composer, writer, nun, and political adviser! Step 2: Hit the books Hit the books. Develop expertise in a variety of subjects by taking time each day to study material that pushes your intellectual limits. Tip Resist the urge to specialize in one particular field. Breakthroughs often come from Renaissance men because of their unique, well-rounded perspectives. Step 3: Invent something To call yourself a Renaissance man you've got to do things, not just think about them. Take a cue from Ben Franklin, thinker and inventor, and make a contribution to science, or build something. Step 4: Master the arts Delve into the arts. The greatest minds in history painted, composed poetry, and wrote books in addition to their other accomplishments. Step 5: Get physical Just because you're a bookworm doesn't mean you can neglect your body. Many Renaissance men boasted of their physical prowess or were famous athletes. Step 6: Devote your life to the common good Live a life that's centered on service and the common good. Polymaths from Galileo to Thomas Jefferson all shared their talents and abilities in an effort to make the world a better place. Did You Know? Casanova, the famous womanizer, was a Renaissance man. He excelled in law, mathematics, music, philosophy, theology, and writing.
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How to Copyright a Book
Watch more How to Write a Book videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/239407-How-to-Copyright-a-Book You've written the great American novel, and you want to make sure that your story stays yours. Register your copyright and preserve your intellectual rights. Step 1: Get a copyright registration form Get a copyright registration form from the U.S. Copyright Office. Go to their web site at copyright.gov to fill out an electronic version of the form. Tip A printable hard copy of the registration form is also available but could take much longer to process. Step 2: Complete the form Complete the form by filling in basic contact information and specifics about your book, such as the title and date you completed it. Step 3: Pay the registration fee Pay the copyright registration fee using either a check or a credit card. If you pay electronically, you’ll receive a confirmation page. If you mail your payment, after it’s processed you’ll receive a shipping slip. Tip Register your copyright online to save money on the fee. Step 4: Send your book to the Copyright Office Send your book to the Copyright Office by either uploading it electronically after you receive confirmation of payment, or mailing it with the shipping slip. Step 5: Reproduce your book Reproduce your book with a notation of your copyright registration. Use the copyright symbol: the letter "c" with a circle around it, followed by the year and your name. Now your book is under copyright until 70 years after you die. Did You Know? The first copyright law in the United States was established in 1790 to encourage artists and authors by giving them legal control over their work.
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How to Clean Your Braces
Watch more How to Have Good Oral Hygiene videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/206-How-to-Clean-Your-Braces Just imagine: your orthodontist finally removes your braces and holds up the mirror to reveal perfectly straight teeth...filled with cavities! Don't let this nightmare happen to you, clean your braces care. Step 1: Consult orthodontist Consult your orthodontist for any specific brushing and flossing instructions, as well products recommendations. Step 2: Remove rubber bands If you use rubber bands, remove them from your braces before you brush. Step 3: Brush often Brush your teeth at least four times a day, and after every meal, with a soft bristle toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste. Tip Be sure to get a new toothbrush every three months--braces have a tendency to wear brushes down quickly. Step 4: Brush in circles Brush in small circles, wiggling the brush around the contours and crevices of the braces, spending about 10-15 seconds on each tooth. Step 5: Brush all over Brush your gums, the roof of your mouth, and the inside of your cheeks. Tip You can also try an inter-proximal brush, which looks sort of like a pipe cleaner and helps you remove plaque from difficult-to-reach areas. Step 6: Rinse mouth Rinse your mouth thoroughly with mouthwash or water after brushing. Step 7: Floss Floss at least once a day with 18 inches of waxed floss. Tip Using a floss threader might make this process easier. Step 8: Thread floss Thread the floss under the main wire and between two teeth. Step 9: Floss up & down Move the floss up and down along the sides of each of the teeth. Step 10: Continue flossing Continue threading and flossing until you've cleaned between each tooth and behind the last tooth. Step 11: Rinse mouth again Rinse your mouth again with mouthwash or water. Step 12: Replace rubber bands Replace any rubber bands, and remind yourself that one day this all be history--and you'll have beautiful teeth to show for it. Did You Know? Think braces are pricey now? At the turn of the 19th century they were made from silver, platinum and fourteen- to eighteen-karat gold.
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How to Use Hand Signals on a Bicycle
Shift into a Higher Gear with these Assets for Cyclists Turbospoke Bicycle Exhaust System: http://amzn.to/1Fdha4X Raskullz Cat Helmet: http://amzn.to/1gpc6i8 Sunlite Squeeze Horns: http://amzn.to/1NBvjvR Camelbak Men's M.U.L.E. Hydration Pack: http://amzn.to/1Kl9ZUp LED Cycling Flash Taillight: http://amzn.to/1NBxf7j Lightweight Bicycle Mirror: http://amzn.to/1OcXAst Watch more Bike Riding Tips videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/183189-How-to-Use-Hand-Signals-on-a-Bicycle Step 1: Prepare to turn left Learn how to signal a left turn. About 50 yards before the turn, take your left hand off the handlebars and extend it to the left, perpendicular to your body. Tip These signals apply to countries where motorists and cyclists drive on the right side of the road. For countries that use the left side of the road, check with local cycling organizations or direct.gov.uk. Step 2: Turn left Hold your hand open and point it in the direction you're turning. Keeping your arm extended, start riding from the right shoulder of the street to the left side of the lane. Once you reach the intersection, turn left. Tip Don't assume that cars behind you have noticed your hand signal. Always glance backwards quickly before you initiate your turn to check for traffic. Step 3: Turn right Know how to signal a right turn. About 25 yards before you turn right, raise your left hand with the elbow bent 90 degrees, your hand pointing skyward, and your left arm forming an "L." Check for traffic before entering the intersection to turn. Tip It's also acceptable to extend your right arm perpendicular to your body to signal a right turn. Step 4: Stop Learn the signal for a stop. About 50 yards before you come to a stop, raise your left elbow until it is perpendicular to your body. Point your fingers down to the pavement, palm facing the traffic or riders behind you, so your arm forms a reverse "7." Hold this position until you come to a stop. Step 5: Signal for a group Know the signal for a group of riders. If you are riding with a group behind you, signal drivers in front of you by raising your left hand straight above your head, palm forward. Did You Know? Drivers and motorcyclists whose turn signals and brake lights aren't working can also use the same signals.
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How to Make a Time Capsule
Watch more Great Craft Ideas videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/354335-How-to-Make-a-Time-Capsule Create a snapshot of your life to review later or show tomorrow's adults and kids how we live today with this fun and educational project. Step 1: Set a retrieval date Set a retrieval date 10 to 50 years from the time of storage, when the capsule will be recovered. Or, you can leave it longer for future generations to open. Step 2: Choose a container Choose a container. For a time capsule to be retrieved after 25 years or less, use a metal lunchbox and seal the lid shut with epoxy glue. For a 50-year time capsule, use a small waterproof safe. For recovery after 100 years or more, find a professional quality capsule by searching online. Step 3: Pick items Pick items for storage that are representative of your everyday life, along with a few things that document current events like newspaper clippings and photos. For information stored on digital media, include a means to access it. Tip Enlist friends and family to contribute items. Step 4: Secure items for storage Secure items for storage by sealing them in individual polyethylene bags. Step 5: Find a location Find a location where the capsule won't be disturbed. Consider storing it in an attic or a basement for safekeeping or burying it by a well-known landmark. Tip You can mark the site with a plaque that gives instructions on when the capsule is to be retrieved. Step 6: Have a sealing ceremony Have a sealing ceremony. Invite friends and neighbors to examine the capsule and its contents and observe it being sealed and stored. Step 7: Register your time capsule Go online and register your project with the International Time Capsule Society to make sure it isn't forgotten. Now sit back and count the days until you see your time-traveling treasure again, or enjoy that knowledge that you've given the distant future a glimpse into the past. Did You Know? The city of Corona, California misplaced a series of 17 time capsules dating back to the 1930s, resulting in a botched attempt to find them under the city's civic center in 1985.
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How to Avoid Static Electricity
Watch more Stains & Laundry videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/307292-How-to-Avoid-Static-Electricity Reduce your chances of getting a nasty shock that's not just annoying, but potentially dangerous. Step 1: Wear cotton Wear clothes made from cotton and other natural fibers, which are low-static materials. Step 2: Go barefoot Wear leather-soled shoes or go barefoot if you're getting shocked indoors. Synthetic-fiber, rugs and rubber shoe soles can react to create static electricity. Step 3: Touch nonconductive material Touch nonconductive material to reduce static buildup, including wood or concrete. Touching metal, water, or another person when your body is highly charged has the opposite effect and may give you a shock. Step 4: Use a humidifier Use a humidifier or put out a bowl of water in very dry rooms. Static charge build-up is enhanced when the air is dry. Step 5: Use dryer sheets Rub your car seats or upholstered furniture with dryer sheets if static is a problem there. Step 6: Touch door frame Avoid potentially dangerous shocks while pumping gas by touching the vehicle's metal doorframe before you get out of the car. Hold the metal until you are completely out of the car. Tip Don't re-enter the car while fueling. If you must, discharge static again before touching the pump. Step 7: Use your key Touch a key to another metal object to painlessly discharge build up before you touch anything with your hands. Did You Know? After removing a hat, hairs receive the same positive charge, which repel each other, causing hair to stand up.
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How to Read Social Cues
Watch more How to Improve Your Communication Skills videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/410140-How-to-Read-Social-Cues Pay close attention to nonverbal communication: learning how to interpret gestures is critical to understanding the meanings behind human interactions. Step 1: Notice the distance Notice the distance away from you at which a person is standing. The closer someone stands to you, the more comfortable they feel with you. Step 2: Read body signals Read body signals. Notice hand gestures, stance, and movement. Crossed arms indicate defensiveness, while open arms and hands suggest a feeling of openness. Step 3: Make eye contact Make eye contact. If someone you are talking to is not looking you in the eye or consistently breaks eye contact, it is usually a sign that they are disinterested in you, or at least in the conversation. Conversely, maintaining prolonged eye contact can mean that someone is attracted to you. Tip In some cultures it is a sign of respect to maintain eye contact, but no romantic inference is intended. Step 4: Avoid long stares Look out for long stares, especially from a person in a position of authority. It usually means they are angry or are looking for an answer. Step 5: Don't ignore vocal inflection Don't ignore vocal inflection. Catching the tone in someone's voice is important to detect sarcasm as well as humor. Keep in mind that electronic communication erases such signals, so most e-mails and text messages are taken literally. Step 6: Teach social cues Take the time and effort to learn and teach social cues so that you are clearly understood in your day-to-day interactions with people. Did You Know? A person suffering from Asperger's syndrome -- a form of autism -- has an inability or great difficulty grasping social cues.
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How to Avoid Getting Sick on a Roller Coaster
Watch more Summer Fun videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/399033-How-to-Avoid-Getting-Sick-on-a-Roller-Coaster Fast and exciting, roller coasters spur some to scream and others to Step 1: Avoid heavy meals Avoid eating heavy meals right before you venture onto an intense ride. Don't stuff yourself with corn dogs and cotton candy and avoid acids like soft drinks and fruit juices. Instead, opt for lighter fare like a sandwich or a salad. Tip Tilting your head to the side can actually increase motion sickness. Instead, keep your head straight, close your eyes, and breathe deeply through your mouth. Step 2: Stay hydrated Stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water, especially on hot summer days. In addition to minimizing motion sickness, staying hydrated wards off heat stroke and dehydration. Tip Natural remedies to prevent motion sickness include ginger capsules and ginger ale, as well as pressure-point bracelets. Step 3: Rest up Rest for a few minutes after exiting an intense ride. Allow your body to adjust and regain its equilibrium. Sit on a bench and put your head between your legs if you still feel nauseous. Step 4: Ride in the front Ride in the coaster's first car. Riding in front minimizes your chances of motion sickness. Step 5: Take medication Take Dramamine, an over-the-counter motion sickness medication, about an hour before you arrive at the park. But be careful -- it can cause drowsiness. Did You Know? As of 2010, the Kingda Ka roller coaster at the Six Flags amusement park in New Jersey was the tallest, fastest roller coaster in the world.
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How to Organize a Desk
Watch more Closets, Storage & Organizers videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/5198-How-to-Organize-a-Desk Does your desk look like a robber rifled through it just before a hurricane hit the room? Organize it so that it gets under control and stays that way. Step 1: Remove everything Take everything—except big items like computer equipment—off and out of your desk. Step 2: Clean it Wipe the desk down with a wet cloth. Step 3: Toss it Toss everything that is useless or outdated. Pitch pens that don’t work. You only need to keep credit card receipts until your statements arrive—and keep only the statements you’ll need for your taxes. Same for bills, invoices, and pay stubs. Shred or rip up anything that has personal data. Tip Reduce your paperwork by half by signing up for online banking and bill paying. Step 4: Take all the business cards you’ve collected and put a rubber band around them—after noting the information you need in your address book. Step 5: Decide on a system Start a filing system based on whatever works for you, even if it’s just dropping papers into an accordion file by the month. Step 6: Group like items Put similar items, like paper clips and rubber bands, in small boxes or containers. Pens, pencils, and the like can go in a mug or pen holder. Step 7: Take 10 minutes Take ten minutes at the end of every day to clean off the top of your desk. Did You Know? The average desk has 400 times more bacteria than your average toilet.
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