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How to Study Effectively
Watch more How to Study videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/316183-How-to-Study-Effectively Many people find studying to be a real drag, but if you're going to do it, you may as well do it right. Step 1: Choose the right environment Choose an environment for studying where you will be free from distractions including phone calls, television, or other interruptions. Step 2: Prioritize your studies Prioritize your study materials so that the most important or the hardest is finished first. Step 3: Read for comprehension Read your materials over once for basic comprehension. Don't stress about remembering it all on the first read. Step 4: Read and take notes Read the material again, taking notes and summarizing the main ideas in your own words. Tip Make new material stick by relating it to something you already know or care about. Context and emotion enhance our ability to remember. Step 5: Use you senses Use your senses to assist with learning. When possible, don't just read, but listen to lectures or podcasts, and watch instructional videos. Build a rich understanding of the material. Step 6: Quiz yourself Quiz yourself without the aid of any notes. Write down your answers or speak them aloud. In other words, rehearse for the test. Tip Take a nap after a heavy study session to allow your brain time to rest. Napping after studying can help with recall. Step 7: Test yourself again Test yourself again and again, at different times of the day and week. This "self-testing" will reinforce your studies so that when the real test arrives, you'll be ready. Did You Know? In ancient Greece and Rome, people used the "loci" memorization method, which involves visualizing placing each thing you need to remember in a familiar room or on a familiar road, and picking it up as you take a mental walk around the room or down the road.
Просмотров: 774206 Howcast
How to Teach a Cat to Walk on a Leash
Great Amazon Must Haves for any Cat Owner: Feline GREENIES Dental Treats for Cats: http://amzn.to/1UrL9rm Four Paws Magic Coat Love Glove Cat Grooming Mitt: http://amzn.to/1O8XYVQ Bergan Star Chaser Turbo Scratcher Cat Toy: http://amzn.to/1EBqPSY IRIS Open Top Litter Box with Shield and Scoop: http://amzn.to/1VwpII5 Watch more How to Train Your Cat videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/405872-How-to-Teach-a-Cat-to-Walk-on-a-Leash Give your indoor cat quality time outside by going for a walk. Step 1: Use a harness and leash Use a small, H-type harness that fits the cat, and a cotton or nylon leash. A harness fits if you can barely get a finger between the cat and the harness. Step 2: Get the cat used to the harness Get the cat used to the harness by putting it on them without buckling it. Tip Put the harness on the cat during playtime when the cat is more likely to be comfortable. Step 3: Reward the cat Reward your cat with plenty of treats and affection. Petting your cat during your training sessions will help your feline friend associate the harness with positive feelings. Step 4: Buckle one loop Continue putting the harness on the cat each day until the cat ignores it. After that, you can buckle one of the harness's loops for 30 seconds. Step 5: Build up to three loops Build up to buckling the entire harness, one loop at a time. The process can take several months. Once your cat is comfortable with the harness completely buckled, let them walk around while wearing it. Step 6: Add the leash Add the leash when your cat is comfortable with the harness. Let them walk around with the leash for as long as it takes to get used to it. Step 7: Go for practice walks Go for practice walks around the house for a few days. Step 8: Go for the first walk Go for a walk when your cat is used to you holding the leash. Let them lead you on the first few walks. Bring treats along for encouragement. Tip Make sure it is quiet outside when you go for your walk. You don't want your cat to get spooked. Step 9: [Tug the leash lightly] Tug the leash lightly to lead the cat on subsequent walks. Step 10: Be patient Be patient. Teaching a cat to walk on a leash takes time. Take the training process day by day, moving on to each step only when your cat is ready. Did You Know? Only 20% of pet cats are adopted from shelters.
Просмотров: 487513 Howcast
How to Type
Watch more Business Skills videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/405652-How-to-Type Whether you need to type a resume, a letter, or a bibliography, it can get done fast if you learn how to control the keys efficiently. Step 1: Position your fingers on the keys Position your fingers on the keyboard. Put your left little finger on the "A" and your right little finger on the semicolon. Lay your fingers one at a time on each consecutive key and place your thumbs on the space bar. Tip The F and J keys on most keyboards have small bumps to easily identify where your two pointer fingers should stay without having to look down. Step 2: Learn the left hand keys Learn what fingers control which keys. The left index finger controls the F, G, R, T, 4, 5, V, and B. The left middle finger controls the D, E, 3, and C. The left ring finger controls the S, W, 2, and x. The left little finger controls the A, Q, 1, Z, and shift. Step 3: Learn the right hand keys Learn what keys the fingers on the right hand type. The fingers on the right hand control the same pattern of keys as you learned on the left side. Step 4: Use your thumb Press the space bar with your right thumb. Step 5: Master the shift keys Master the shift keys with your little fingers. Press the shift key while simultaneously pressing the letter of choice to type a capital letter. If the letter is pressed by the right hand, use the left shift key, and vice versa. Step 6: Sit up straight Sit up straight with both feet on the floor. Position your chair and keyboard so your arms are at a 90 degree angle and are parallel to your legs. Keep your elbows next to your body and your head straight. Tip Try not to look down at the keys. Step 7: Practice Practice typing. You can learn for free online by visiting websites with touch typing tutorials. Learning the art of typing will save you tons of time over the hunt and peck method. Did You Know? The letters on old typewriters used to be listed alphabetically. In the late 1800s, Christopher Latham Sholes rearranged the keys to prevent jamming.
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How to Prepare for a Long Plane Ride
Watch more Flying Tips videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/351391-How-to-Prepare-for-a-Long-Plane-Ride Heed these tips for a comfortable, happy, and healthy flight. Step 1: Pack early Pack essentials, such as medications and passports, a few days before your flight, and completely finish packing the night before. You’ll minimize stress because you won't be rushing around the morning of the flight. Step 2: Pack smart Make sure all essentials are in your carry-on luggage. Fully charge your music player, game player, or laptop and pack books and magazines. Bring your favorite snacks and finger food. Tip Check out the entertainment and food options offered by the airline before you fly. Step 3: Get a good seat Consider upgrading to a better seating class for a particularly long flight. If you check in online up to 24 hours in advance, you often get to choose your seat or change to a better one. Or get to the airport extra early and check for a better seat at the counter and again at the gate. Tip Seats in exits rows and the bulkhead provide the most legroom. Step 4: Tune out Bring along earplugs or noise-reduction headphones to block unwanted noise. An eye mask will shield your eyes from sunlight if you want to sleep during the day. Step 5: Consider coziness Bring a soft travel blanket and neck pillow. Besides being warm and cozy, you won't have to worry about the airline's blanket-cleaning policy. Dress comfortably and bring thick socks to swap for your shoes after take-off. Tip Neck pillows with lavender are said to be calming and reduce headaches. Step 6: Prevent illness Take motion sickness pills or ginger capsules 2 hours before your flight if you're prone to air sickness. Wash your hands, especially before and after eating, and bring hand sanitizer wipes. Tip Wipe down airflow vent and tray tables with sanitized wipes and use a tissue when touching the bathroom door handle. Step 7: Hydrate and move Drink plenty of water before and during your flight to avoid muscle aches and fatigue. Get up, stretch, and move around often to prevent stiffness and deep vein thrombosis. Did You Know? A survey by 3M and the Global Strategy Group found that most Americans would rather get stuck in traffic, go on a blind date, or go to the dentist than sit in the middle seat on a flight.
Просмотров: 987617 Howcast
How to Survive a Nuclear Terrorist Attack
Watch more Disaster Survival & Worst-Case Scenarios videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/317493-How-to-Survive-a-Nuclear-Terrorist-Attack You can increase your chances of staying alive if you know how to decrease your exposure to radiation. Step 1: Get potassium iodide Have potassium iodide on hand; you may need it to protect your thyroid from the radioactive iodine fallout of a nuclear event. It is available without a prescription; ask your pharmacist for an FDA-approved brand and dosage guidelines. Tip In the event of an attack, emergency officials may advise people over 40 not to take potassium iodide, since they have the lowest chance of developing thyroid cancer or thyroid injury after exposure to radioactive iodine. Step 2: Go below If an attack is imminent, get indoors and go as far below ground as you can. If that's not possible, seek whatever shelter you can. Step 3: Seal yourself in Once indoors, close all windows and doors and turn off air conditioners, heaters, and other ventilation systems. Step 4: Seal up your car If you can't get to a building, stay inside your car. Close the windows and vents, turn off the heat and A/C, and hold a cloth over your mouth and nose to avoid breathing in radioactive dust and smoke. Step 5: Protect yourself outdoors If you're caught outdoors or very near the blast when it happens, don't look at it or you risk temporary or even permanent blindness. Keep your mouth open so your eardrums don't burst. Don't touch objects thrown by an explosion; they might be radioactive. Step 6: Stay put If you are more than 10 miles from the epicenter of the blast, remain in the shelter for 48 to 72 hours after the blast. Step 7: Get out of Dodge! If you are closer than 10 miles to the epicenter after the explosion, get moving! You have 10 to 20 minutes to get at least a mile away from the mushroom cloud, or you risk lethal radiation poisoning. Tip Be sure to move downwind or perpendicular to the wind. Step 8: Cover up Keep your mouth, nose, and as much of your skin covered as you move away from the blast area.Once you're at a safe distance, take off your clothes; this alone may get rid of up to 80 percent of radioactive dust. Then take a shower, which will further reduce your exposure. Step 9: Get decontaminated Rid your body of radioactive material as soon as possible by reporting to the nearest decontamination center set up in your area. Did You Know? In the film "Godzilla 1985," a Soviet captain tries to launch a nuclear missile at Tokyo after learning that Godzilla is back.
Просмотров: 1102151 Howcast
How to Study for a Long Time without Getting Bored
Watch more How to Study videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/413809-How-to-Study-for-a-Long-Time-without-Getting-Bored Facts and figures starting to blend together in a horrible haze? Here's how to keep from getting lost in brain space. Step 1: Eradicate distractions Enter a fortress of solitude -- research shows that low-level distractions can make a task feel boring. Hide your cellphone, tell your online social network to de-friend you instantly if they see you log in, and seal yourself in a quiet room. Tip If you're planning a really long cramming session, break it up with a nap. One study found an hour's worth of shut-eye can increase your ability to focus. Step 2: Embrace your emotions Emotional entanglement distracting you? Admit how you're feeling, even out loud -- those who can identify how they feel often have better focus. Step 3: Engage yourself Don't just take notes; engage with the material creatively. Invent a song about the topic at hand, or recreate historical events and fictional plotlines. It's easier to stay interested when you make the material come alive. Step 4: Take a shower Studied so long you've stopped absorbing material? Take a shower -- the change of pace will stimulate your mind and help refresh your body. Step 5: Make up a challenge Make a game out of your work to stave off boredom. Try to score higher and higher throughout your study session, and be sure to reward your triumphs. You've earned it! Did You Know? In 2009, a study found that nearly 50 percent of college freshmen that drink spent more time drinking than studying.
Просмотров: 1114681 Howcast
How to Help Deliver Kittens
Great Amazon Must Haves for any Cat Owner: Feline GREENIES Dental Treats for Cats: http://amzn.to/1UrL9rm Four Paws Magic Coat Love Glove Cat Grooming Mitt: http://amzn.to/1O8XYVQ Bergan Star Chaser Turbo Scratcher Cat Toy: http://amzn.to/1EBqPSY IRIS Open Top Litter Box with Shield and Scoop: http://amzn.to/1VwpII5 Watch more Cat Care & Grooming videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/356277-How-to-Help-Deliver-Kittens If your mother cat is ready to pop, then these tips can help you help her through the delivery process. Step 1: Prepare a bed Prepare a delivery bed for your mother cat with a roomy cardboard box with a top. Cut a hole in the side big enough for the mother to come and go and line the bottom with newspapers. Then cover the box with an old blanket. Step 2: Find a quiet place Find a quiet, private, and warm spot for the bed that the mother is familiar with. The room should be equipped with food, water, and a litter box, as well as any favorite toys. Tip Introduce the mother to her new maternity bed well before she gives birth. This will ensure she doesn't give birth on your clothes. Step 3: Isolate the cat Keep your cat away from other animals in the late stages of her pregnancy -- mother cats can be aggressive. You also want her as relaxed as possible before and during birth. Step 4: Give her space Give the mother space when she goes into labor. You will be able to tell that she's in the first stages of labor because she may start pacing, make loud noises, and repeatedly attempt to use the litter box. She may retire to her bed if she's comfortable there. However, if she chooses another spot, do not try to move her. Step 5: Prepare supplies Prepare the supplies once the mother goes into labor. Gather gloves, warm water, clean towels, dental floss, and petroleum jelly. Cat labor can last up to 12 hours, so make sure you have plenty of everything. Step 6: Don't panic Do not panic if your mother cat makes loud noises while giving birth to the first kitten. Kittens are usually born between 30 and 40 minutes apart. Watch from afar if everything looks stable. Tip If the mother does not break the amniotic sac, tear it using a clean towel; do not use a sharp object. The sac needs to be broken in order for the kittens to breathe. Step 7: Assist with placenta and umbilical Assist cleaning the placenta from the kittens' faces only if the mother does not do so herself. Use a clean towel and wipe the membrane off of the cat, going against the direction of the hair growth with your gloved hands. If the mother doesn't bite entirely through the umbilical cord, tie the floss around the cord an inch away from the kitten and cut on the mother's side of the tie. Tip Don't cut the umbilical cord too close to the kitten, and don't let the mother bite it off too close to the kitten. This can cause infection. Step 8: Use petroleum jelly Use the petroleum jelly on the kitten's passage if the mother has been straining for an hour with no kitten emerging. If at any point before, during, or after the birth you notice strange behavior or have medical concerns, contact your vet immediately. Step 9: Let the mother be Let the mother care for her kittens from this point on. Nature ensures that she knows her new job. And if there are no medical concerns, sit back and enjoy watching those tiny creatures turn into playful wonders. Did You Know? There are an estimated 6 to 8 million homeless animals entering shelters in the U.S each year.
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How to Babysit an Infant
Watch more Internships and Summer Jobs videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/391352-How-to-Babysit-an-Infant Earning a little extra money babysitting infants can be more fun -- and a lot easier -- than schlepping food at your local diner. Step 1: Ask for contact information Ask the infant's parents for all important contact information, including the pediatrician's number. Determine who to call if the parents are unavailable. Step 2: Locate supplies Locate all of the diaper supplies, bottles, milk, toys, clothing, and burp cloths. Step 3: Ask about bottle warming Ask the parents about their methods for bottle warming and about any feeding schedules they want you to follow. Tip Having a bottle filled and ready for warming will save you time and tears with a hungry infant. Prepare a bottle while the baby is still happy and content. Step 4: Ask about any special needs Ask the parents if the infant has any special needs or health concerns you should be aware of. Step 5: Determine schedule Determine if the infant has a set schedule for naps, feeding times, play time, or medications that you need to follow. Step 6: Ask about sleep habits Ask the parents if their baby has any special routine for sleep time, such as rocking, walking around, singing, or shushing. Tip When putting a baby to sleep, always be sure to lay the baby on his or her back to sleep, and without blankets or pillows surrounding them. Step 7: Follow routine Follow any routine the infant is accustomed to: play with and hold them, change their diaper, talk to the baby, and enjoy spending time with such a precious little person. Did You Know? A newborn baby can only see objects that are around 8 to 15 inches away.
Просмотров: 162987 Howcast
How to Survive a Zombie Attack
Watch more Disaster Survival & Worst-Case Scenarios videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/400092-How-to-Survive-a-Zombie-Attack Army of zombies on the loose? Check out these simple steps to help you survive an encounter with the undead. Step 1: Know your enemy Make sure you're facing an attack from actual zombies. Look for a stiff gait caused by rigor mortis, open wounds from decomposing flesh, and a hunger for human flesh. Step 2: Cover up Cover up to prevent potential zombie bites from turning you into one of them. Wear a mask with holes only for the eyes and mouth, long sleeves, gloves, close-toe shoes, and long pants tucked into your socks. You may look like a fashion victim, but you won't be a zombie victim. Step 3: Amass weapons Find a weapon to use in case you encounter a zombie. Grab a blunt object capable of bashing in undead heads or something to pierce the zombies' skulls -- even reanimated corpses can't survive severe brain injuries. Tip Don't try to reason with zombies -- their brain functions are limited to walking, moaning, and feasting on the living. Step 4: Head indoors Find a secure place to hide. Make sure it's located as far as possible from any graveyards and stocked with canned goods, bottled water, and projectile-firing weapons. Barricade the doors and windows to ensure your survival. Step 5: Fight back Hide out long enough to overcome your fear; then, attack back! Use human-scented objects to lure the zombies to low-lying areas; once they're contained, blast their brains from afar. Continue trapping and killing until all the zombies are dead, and it's eerily quiet enough for you to hear your still-beating heart. Did You Know? A traditional zombie cocktail is made with sugar, fruit juice, and 4 kinds of rum.
Просмотров: 1161230 Howcast
How to Make Drawer Dividers
Watch more Closets, Storage & Organizers videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/315258-How-to-Make-Drawer-Dividers Here's a quick and easy way to get those messy drawers organized. Step 1: Measure the drawer Measure the inside height, width, and depth of the inside of the drawer. Step 2: Measure and cut paper Measure and cut the wrapping paper or contact paper to fit the inside bottom of the drawer. Adhere it with the double-sided tape. Step 3: Cut a strip of cardboard Cut a strip of cardboard to the inside length and depth of your drawer with the craft knife. Step 4: Cut slots Measure in one-third of the length of the strip from each side and cut ¼-inch wide notches through the bottom half of the strip. Step 5: Cut vertical dividers Measure and cut two more cardboard strips equal to the inside width and depth of the drawer. Cut ¼-inch notches at their midpoints, from the top down. Tip Wrap the three cardboard strips with more wrapping or contact paper, cutting out space at the notches. Step 6: Fit dividers together Fit the notches in the shorter cardboard strips perpendicularly into the notches in the long strip and fit the divider into your drawer. Step 7: Add dividers as needed Add or remove dividers as you need to, customizing the drawer for your needs. Did You Know? A study has shown that gift-wrapped items influence the recipient to have a more favorable attitude toward owning the gift.
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How to Get Organized for School
Watch more Back to School videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/408616-How-to-Get-Organized-for-School Being disorganized can affect your ability to concentrate and translate to poor grades. Get organized for school and everything will fall into place. Step 1: Set goals Set realistic goals for getting organized at the beginning of the school year. Plan to be on time, attend classes faithfully, finish your homework before having fun, and study for exams. Step 2: Rise earlier Stick to the schedule by waking up earlier to allow extra time for showering and getting dressed. Put your alarm clock across the room from your bed so you have to get out of bed to shut it off. Tip Go to bed early. There's nothing you need to stay up late for that can't wait until tomorrow. Step 3: Schedule your time Schedule your days and weeks in a color-coded calendar and a day planner so nothing falls through the cracks. Update your to-do lists constantly and prepare for tomorrow today. Step 4: Keep files Clear away clutter and set up an area in your room with everything at hand. Keep files for your classes in an organizer and get in the habit of depositing every paper where it belongs. Step 5: Prioritize Prioritize your homework by finishing assignments that are due in short order while intermittently working on assignments that are due later on. Step 6: Break up work Break study and homework time into small, manageable units with built-in periods of rest. Stick to a schedule that allows for classes, eating, sleeping, study, and relaxation. Include time to review notes before tests and avoid the anxiety that comes with being rushed. Tip Eating properly is crucial to academic performance. It provides the energy necessary to be at your best. Step 7: Plan rewards Reward yourself for achieving your goals. Schedule yourself one day a week when you don't have to think about school. Continually develop these sound habits and you will achieve academic success. Did You Know? In 2007, U.S. students ranked 17th in science and 24th in math among industrialized countries.
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How to Detox Your House with Plants
Watch more Indoor Plants & Container Gardening videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/423067-How-to-Detox-Your-House-with-Plants Everyday household items can emit toxins that are unhealthy to breathe. You can naturally remove these toxins by decorating your home with common houseplants. Step 1: Get a spider plant Get a spider plant to reduce asthma-causing mold. The spider plant grows quickly and throws out long stems that produce small flowers and decorative hanging plantlets. Tip The plantlets, or "babies," produced by the spider plant can be rooted and transplanted to keep throughout your home. Step 2: Grow a peace lily Grow a peace lily, which is a tropical plant with striking white flowers. The peace lily removes acetone, which is commonly used to make plastic and fibers. Acetone is also found in tobacco smoke and car exhaust, which could be present in your home environment. Step 3: Keep a bamboo palm Keep a bamboo palm, also called a reed palm, to remove formaldehyde, benzene, and carbon monoxide from the air in your home. Bamboo palms are popular indoor plants because they're tall and narrow, and they thrive in indoor climates. Step 4: Buy a Janet Craig Buy a Janet Craig to absorb gaseous chemicals produced by pressed-wood furniture, plastic bags, computer ink, carpeting, and conventional household cleansers and cosmetics. Step 5: Grow mother-in-law's tongue Grow mother-in-law's tongue, also called a snake plant, to absorb airborne toxins and to act as a natural humidifier. Mother-in-law's tongues are easy to care for and make trouble-free detoxifiers. Step 6: Grow chrysanthemums Grow potted chrysanthemums to absorb toxins like formaldehyde, which is found in plastics, household cleaners, upholstery, clothes, facial tissues, and paper towels. Breathe easy knowing that you're protecting your family and pets while beautifying your home with natural, detoxifying plants. Did You Know? In the late 1960s, Bill Wolverton discovered that swamp plants were eliminating Agent Orange in the local waters near near Eglin Air Force Base.
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How to Nail a Broadway Audition & Get the Part
Watch more How to Be an Actor videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/241659-How-to-Nail-a-Broadway-Audition-and-Get-the-Part Step 1: Go on a lot of auditions Go on as many casting calls as you can. It's the best way to gain experience and confidence. Tip Don't be bashful about re-auditioning for a show that turned you down; people are sometimes hired the second or even third time around. Step 2: Bring a headshot Bring a professional headshot that looks like you in daily life, as opposed to a glammed-up version. Directors and producers don't like it when actors look nothing like their photo. Step 3: Don't go in costume Wear clothes that suggest you have an understanding of the show so the director can envision you in the part. But don't show up in full costume. Tip If it's exclusively a dance audition, just wear your dance clothes. Step 4: Pick the right song If you're auditioning for a musical, pick audition songs that reflect the period or genre of the show – not the show itself. You can prepare a few from the actual show, but only sing them if you're asked to. Sing just 32 bars of a song unless otherwise specified. Tip Have your sheet music organized for the pianist: Mark where the music should start and end, and put it in the right key. Step 5: Rehearse your scene If you're auditioning for a drama, rehearse the "sides" – a few pages from the script that you are provided with in advance of the audition. Bring the pages to the auditioning venue; it's common to hold them while you perform. Step 6: Jump right in At the audition, greet the people judging you and then begin your performance; don't ask them for direction. If you make a mistake, keep going, or ask if you may start again. No one is looking for or expecting perfection. Step 7: Go with the flow If the director asks you to try something different, do it without argument, no matter how terrified or ill-equipped you feel. They are checking to see how well you take direction and how easily you go with the flow. Step 8: Act confident Exude confidence, or at least fake it. After all, you're an actor! Did You Know? Actor Ben Vereen was so impressive at his audition for the play Pippin that the director changed the age of a character to give him the part.
Просмотров: 145279 Howcast
How to Pick Any Padlock or Combination Lock
Watch more Home Security & Safety videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/218072-How-to-Pick-Any-Padlock-or-Combination-Lock Forgot the key – or combination – to your lock again? No worries; we're going to help you pick that padlock without breaking it. Warning Working with sharp objects and cut aluminum is dangerous. Use extreme caution. Step 1: Cut off the ends Using a straight-edge razor, carefully cut the top and bottom off an aluminum soda can. Step 2: Slice from top to bottom Cut the can from top to bottom using the scissors, and then fold the aluminum down so you have a flat sheet. Trim the edges so they are straight. Step 3: Mark rectangles Using a marker, draw rectangles on the silver side of the aluminum sheet that are 1 ½ by 2 ½ inches, and cut one of them out. Step 4: Quarter one strip Take one of the strips, draw a vertical centerline across the middle, and mark the strip horizontally into four equal sections. Step 5: Draw an "M" Draw an "M" whose top reaches the halfway point of the middle line and whose sides are about a quarter of the way in on each side. But instead of the center of the "M" looking like a "V," round the bottom so it looks like a "U." Step 6: Cut out the triangles Using scissors, cut out the M with the rounded middle tip that you drew. Fold the top quarter down to the middle of the rectangle, and the two legs of the "M" up from the bottom so that they cover the piece of metal you've just folded down. Step 7: Roll the center Find something the approximate circumference of your padlock shackle, like a pen or marker, and wrap the shim (the "U" shape) around it, shaping it to fit into the narrow space between the shackle and the lock. Fold back the wings. Step 8: Pick the lock Using the wings as handles, wrap the cylinder part of the lock pick around the shackle and insert the curved part in the space between the lock and shackle. Maneuver it around until the lock pops. Did You Know? There are lock-picking clubs all over the world devoted to the hobby of picking locks for sport.
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How to Paper-Train Your Dog
Top Rated Products for any Dog Owner: FURminator deShedding Tool for Dogs: http://amzn.to/1JBydfH Bil-Jac Little Jacs Liver Training Treats: http://amzn.to/1UrI76w Earthbath All Natural Grooming Wipes: http://amzn.to/1JykFiY Premier Gentle Leader Head Dog Collar: http://amzn.to/1FjRGxo Earth Rated® Green Dispenser with Dog Waste Poop Bags: http://amzn.to/1KI1IyE Watch more Dog Training 101 videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/133498-How-to-PaperTrain-Your-Dog Dogs have to learn bowel etiquette much quicker than humans, and these helpful steps will make sure your paper-trained pooch becomes man's best friend, not your carpet's worst nightmare. Step 1: Be patient Muster your patience—heaps of it, if you're training a puppy. Puppies will have a hard time fully controlling their bowels and bladders for at least 6 months. Tip If the weather and circumstances permit, you can paper-train a dog at the same time as you're housebreaking her. Step 2: Install puppy gate Confine your puppy or dog to a small area—preferably one with an impervious floor such as tile or vinyl—by installing a puppy gate. Choose a part of your house where you spend lots of time, so your pooch won't feel lonely. Step 3: Line floor w/ newspaper Line the floor with plenty of newspaper. Tip Newspapers run out fast when there's a puppy in the house! Your neighbors may have a stash they can give you. Step 4: Set up training area Put the puppy's bed, toys, and food and water bowls in the training area as well. Step 5: Give her a treat Whenever your dog eliminates on the newspaper, give her a treat. The puppy will eventually equate doing her business on the paper with being rewarded. Step 6: Replaced newspaper Replace the soiled bits with clean paper. Your puppy might want to play with the nasty paper, so check from time to time that the entire floor is still covered. Step 7: Remove newspapers Dogs generally dislike going to the bathroom near where they eat and sleep, so they'll eventually begin to do their business in one specific area. Once your dog has been doing this for a few days, gradually remove all newspapers except in this area. Step 8: Let dog out of training area After the dog is reliably using only one small patch of newspapers, you can begin letting her out of the training area into other parts of the house. Step 9: Watch for signs Watch for signs that your dog needs to use the paper—squatting, circling, or sniffing the floor. You can then rush her to the papered spot. Remember that puppies need to eliminate frequently—about every 45 minutes. Step 10: Move on to housebreaking Unless you live in the top floor of a high-rise and have a tiny dog, paper-training is just the first step. Now you and your pet are ready to move on to housebreaking! Did You Know? A small dog that's been paper-trained can also be trained to use a litter box, which is helpful for homebound or elderly dog owners—or owners who like to sleep in!
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How to Protect Yourself from a Stalker
Watch more Personal Security & Self-Defense videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/292636-How-to-Protect-Yourself-from-a-Stalker Stay one step ahead of your stalker with these safety precautions. Step 1: File a police report Ask your local police if the harassment meets the legal definition of stalking, which varies from state to state. If it does, file a police report so the stalking is on record. In any event, keep records of the harassment and save all evidence of it. Step 2: Consider an order of protection If the stalker is threatening to harm you or has tried to, weigh the pros and cons of getting an order of protection. Most stalkers violate them, but if they do, it will give police a reason to arrest them. Warning Taking out an order of protection may provoke your stalker to more aggressive behavior, so have a safety plan in place before you get one. Step 3: Ignore them Ignore your stalker. If they call, hang up, or set the phone down and let them talk until they hang up. Do not answer their e-mails, texts, or letters. Do not try to reason with them. Assume that any attention you give them will encourage them, and the more you engage with a stalker, the more they'll stalk you. Step 4: Get a P.O. Box Get a post office box for your mail. If you move, don't file a change of address with the post office; tell loved ones directly. Tip If your state has an address confidentiality program, join it. It allows stalking victims to set up a fictitious address to prevent a stalker from gaining access to their address via public records. Step 5: Set up a fraud alert Put a fraud alert on your credit reports by contacting the fraud department of each of the three main credit bureaus – Equifax, Experian, and TransUnion. This will help prevent your stalker from harassing you via identify theft because you'll be asked to verify any attempt to take out credit in your name. Step 6: Spread the word Tell everyone in your life – friends, relatives, neighbors, and co-workers – that you are being stalked so they are not tricked into divulging information about you. Step 7: Get help For more information, contact the Stalking Resource Center at 1-800-FYI-CALL or check out their web site at ncvc.org/src. Did You Know? Men are more likely to stalk their exes, while women tend to stalk acquaintances with whom they'd like to have a relationship.
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How to Write a Novel
Watch more How to Write a Book videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/259671-How-to-Write-a-Novel Many people start novels but never finish them. If you are thinking about writing one, here are some ways to follow through. Step 1: Talk to yourself Handwrite or type an overview of the story, translating from emotional concept to concrete story idea. Expand on the story and subplots. Step 2: Outline the story Break the story into inciting incident, problem, and solution. This outline, which will be broken into three acts, will trace the threat, the fight, and the conquest. Tip Join a writers club, or take an extended learning class on novel writing class. Step 3: Create the protagonist Create your lead character or protagonist and other principals, working out the back story or history of that person, their wants and needs, friends, family, schooling – everything you can imagine Step 4: Detail protagonist Detail the protagonist’s philosophical and immediate motivations. What is the conflict within? Who blocks his efforts in the real world? Then build your villain, the one blocking the protagonist, in the same way. Step 5: Build characters Build each supporting character and their back story. Write a treatment tracing how each plays into the main dramatic action, with one event leading to another. Step 6: Redraft the idea Redraft your original idea and story arc to adjust for what you have learned so far. Include only information that adds to the story or enhances the characters. Tip None of this needs to be perfect, nor does the novel have to remotely resemble your plans and outlines. You are charting a path to tell the story. Step 7: Write every day Write five or six good pages every day, even if you throw most of it out the next day. Quality in writing is achieved through rewriting. Did You Know? Did you know? Half of the 10 best-selling Japanese novels in 2007 were written on mobile phones.
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How to Sue for Wrongful Termination
Watch more How to Understand Legal Issues videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/258268-How-to-Sue-for-Wrongful-Termination Recently terminated employees may harbor ill feelings against their former employer – but not everyone has a case for wrongful termination. Find out whether you might prevail in court with this advice. Step 1: Know when regulations are on your side Know that you have a case if your employer has violated state or federal discrimination law, employment-related provisions in the Fair Credit Reporting Act or Bankruptcy Act, or the company's own policy. Step 2: Stand up for your rights Stand up if your employer fires you for reasonably exercising your rights under labor laws, participating in a union, or taking leave for military service or under the Family and Medical Leave Act. Tip Your employer cannot legally terminate you for refusing to break a law or for whistle-blowing. Step 3: Plan your exit Inquire about why you were terminated. Retain the company handbook and any records that may prove that your employer treated you unfairly. Become familiar with your employment agreement's provisions. Step 4: Weigh your options File a complaint, if appropriate, with the appropriate government agency, and/or file a private lawsuit. Step 5: File a complaint form Bring your complaint to the Department of Labor, Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, or Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Step 6: Brace for a battle Recognize that the Doctrine of Employment At Will, which states that an employer can terminate an employee at will and without consequence, can make it difficult to prove wrongful termination. Tip Request and negotiate a severance package and obtain all severance agreements in writing. Step 7: Seek out an attorney Seek the advice of a labor law attorney sooner rather than later due to statutes of limitation. Lawyers often take winnable wrongful termination cases on a contingency basis. Did You Know? One study found that plaintiffs in wrongful termination suits prevailed at trial between 47% and 57% of the time.
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How to Understand the 3 Branches of Government
Watch more Politics 101 videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/415771-How-to-Understand-the-3-Branches-of-Government To make sure that no ruling body has absolute power, the Constitution splits government into three branches. Understand both their independent duties as well as their interactions. Step 1: Understand the legislative branch Become familiar with the legislative branch. Congress is split into the Senate and House of Representatives: these 2 bodies are responsible for writing and passing bills. Tip Every state has 2 senators, while the number of members per state in the House of Representatives is based on state population. Step 2: Recognize the executive powers Recognize the powers of the executive branch, which includes the President, Vice President, and Cabinet. In addition to having veto power on laws passed by Congress, the President is head of the military and responsible for making treaties with foreign countries. However, all treaties and declarations of war must be approved by Congress. Step 3: Know the judicial branch's duties Review the function of the judicial branch, America's federal court system. The Supreme Court in charge of establishing lower federal courts, and settling disputes over the application of federal laws to make sure all laws are constitutional. The 9 justices of the Supreme Court are appointed by the President but must be approved by Congress. Tip All Supreme Court justices serve on the Court for life unless they resign, retire, or are removed by Congress. Step 4: Check your checks and balances Recognize how the branches interact with and depend on each other. Each branch can check the power of the other branches so that power is distributed evenly, a system known as 'checks and balances'. The separation of power as well as this system of checks and balances is what makes our country run smoothly. Did You Know? Congress has denied the President's request to declare war only twice, once in 1815 and once in 1999.
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How to Improve Blood Circulation
Watch more How to Get Fit Fast videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/429894-How-to-Improve-Blood-Circulation Tingling or cold feet or hands, bluish skin, and cuts or wounds that take a long time to heal are all indicative of circulatory problems. If you suffer from any of these symptoms, there are steps you can take to improve your circulation. Step 1: Exercise Get some exercise. If you have a desk job, stand up once an hour and do some jumping jacks or knee bends. While you're sitting, tap your legs with your hands. Try to get at least 30 minutes of exercise a day. Tip Prop your feet up while you sit. Lean back and put your feet up on your desk for short periods of time throughout the day. Step 2: Drink right Drink lots of water -- room temperature, not iced. Water improves circulation. Cut sugary sodas and and alcohol out of your diet and replace them with water. Step 3: Eat right Eat lots of fruit, vegetables, and whole grains. Cut saturated fats from your diet and eat moderate amounts of unsaturated fats. Limit your sugar and salt intake. Poor dietary habits can affect your blood flow. Step 4: Don't smoke Don't smoke. If you're a smoker, quit. Nicotine use is known to cause circulation problems. Step 5: Take warm baths Take warm baths. Soaking your body -- especially your feet -- in warm water can significantly increase your circulation. Step 6: Reduce stress Lower your stress. Find relaxing activities or hobbies. Cumulative stress can have an adverse effect on your blood circulation. Tip Enroll in a yoga class to relax and to exercise. Step 7: See a doctor See a doctor if your circulation problem persists. Ask about supplements, such as vitamins, calcium, magnesium, and omega 3 fish oil. Correct the problem naturally with herbs or other remedies. Poor circulation can contribute to the formation of a number of serious conditions, including diabetes and high blood pressure. Did You Know? Bone marrow produces about 95 percent of the body's blood cells.
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How to Make Corn Dogs
Watch more Party Appetizers & Snack Foods videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/310641-How-to-Make-Corn-Dogs Make corn dogs just like the ones at the county fair by following these simple steps. Step 1: Heat oil Heat the oil in a deep saucepan to 365 degrees. Step 2: Combine ingredients Combine all the ingredients in a mixing bowl. Stir the ingredients until the mixture is smooth; then transfer some of it to a tall glass or mason jar. Step 3: Insert skewers Insert the wooden skewers into the ends of the hot dogs. Tip Dry the hot dogs with paper towels so the batter will stick. Step 4: Dip the hot dogs Dip the hot dogs in the batter in the glass or jar, shaking off the excess. Refill the glass as you go. Step 5: Fry hot dogs Deep-fry two to three hot dogs at a time until they are golden brown, about 10 minutes. Remove them with tongs and place them on paper towels to drain. Serve them warm, but don't eat too many before you go on the rides. Did You Know? According to Guinness World Records, as of 2008, the longest hot dog on record was 375 feet.
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How to Take Minutes at a Business Meeting
Watch more Business Skills videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/383493-How-to-Take-Minutes-at-a-Business-Meeting If you work in a business environment, the time is going to come when you will be asked to take minutes at a meeting. Impress your colleagues by already knowing how by following these steps. Step 1: Bring a notebook Bring a notebook to the meeting with you. If you will be writing minutes often, you may want to buy a good notebook to keep your minutes in rather than a cheap one. Tip If you have a laptop, you should use it to save time later. Step 2: Send around a sign in sheet Create a simple sign-in sheet that has columns for name and contact information and pass it around. You will be able to refer to this record in order to document attendance. Tip Find out who was supposed to be there and make sure you include the people who did not attend in the minutes under regrets. Step 3: Begin note-taking Begin note-taking by noting the date of the meeting and the time the meeting was called to order. Step 4: Record old business Record old business, which is anything that needed a follow up from the last meeting. Note anything that was done or not done and by whom. Step 5: Record new business Record new business. For example, when someone has an issue to address they will make a motion. Note exactly what they said along with who seconded the motion and whether or not the motion passed. Step 6: Finish notes Write down any action items or things specific participants agreed to do, but don't transcribe word for word debates or discussions. End the notes with the time the meeting adjourned and the date of the next meeting. Step 7: Type and distribute Type up the minutes as soon as possible after the meeting so it's fresh in your mind. Once you have typed them, distribute them to members for review and approval at the next meeting. Did You Know? During one day, there is an average of 17 million meetings in America.
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How to Transform a Room into a Camera Obscura
Watch more How to Do Fun Tech & Science Projects videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/387145-How-to-Transform-a-Room-into-a-Camera-Obscura A camera obscura, also known as a pinhole camera, is the concept that made modern-day photography possible. Now use the same principal to turn a whole room into a walk-in camera! Step 1: Find a room Find a room that has a window with a decent view. Look for a blank wall opposite the window, since that's where the picture will be projected. If it's not blank, hang a white sheet on the wall. Step 2: Create the lens Unscrew the ring from the top of the flashlight and remove the lens. Place the ring in the middle of the sheet of poster board, and cut a hole around it. Then, tape the ring to the cardboard with duct tape. This will be the lens for the camera obscura. Step 3: Prepare the room Tape the remaining poster board over the window, overlapping if necessary. Leave an area uncovered in the middle of the window for the lens. Step 4: Add the lens Tape the lens backing to the window with duct tape. The window should now be completely covered, and aside from the lens hole, there should be no light passing through. Step 5: Darken the room Turn off all lights in the room and close the door so that the only light entering the room is from the camera lens. After a few minutes, your eyes will adjust to the dark, and an image should appear on the wall opposite the window. Tip You may need to place a blanket under the door to block out any extra light. Step 6: View the image You should now see an upside-down image of the outside world projected onto the wall. Why? Since light rays travel in a straight line, they hit the objects outside, pass through the small opening of the lens, and transmit an upside-down image of the objects on the opposite wall. This is the same method cameras use to capture images. Step 7: Capture your creation Unless you want to cover your entire wall in photographic paper, you'll need a way to capture what you see. Grab a camera with an adjustable exposure setting and set the exposure to around 30 seconds, which is ideal for low-light photographs. Take a moment to marvel at your contraption; it's not every day that you get to walk inside a camera! Did You Know? The first digital camera offered to the general public went on sale in 1990, cost $995, and took grayscale photos.
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How to Improve Your Memory with the Memory Palace Technique
Watch more Memory Techniques videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/351792-How-to-Improve-Your-Memory-with-the-Memory-Palace-Technique Memory can fade with age – stay sharp by using the Memory Palace technique to recall information. Step 1: Choose your palace Select a place with many rooms that you can vividly picture in your mind's eye, such as your home or workplace. Step 2: Chart a path Chart a specific route through every nook and cranny of your "palace." Always start in the same place, follow the same path, and end in the same place. Step 3: Create "memory slots" Create a system for traveling through each room, such as always going from left to right. Note all of the features of each room, such as a desk, lamp, trash bin, dresser, and a painting – see each item as a "memory slot" where you can store information. Step 4: Place objects along your path Associate objects or ideas you want to remember with features in your memory palace. Locate them on your route in the order that you want to remember them. Tip Exaggerate images to aid in the recall process. For instance, imagine tons of huge apples dangling from one of your houseplants to remind yourself to buy apples. Step 5: Recall information Start at the beginning of your route and visit each feature in turn to readily recall the information you have stored. Soon people will comment on your excellent memory. Did You Know? Memory recall dramatically drops within the first 20 minutes of learning something.
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How to Create a Phenakistoscope
Watch more Animation Techniques videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/148840-How-to-Create-a-Phenakistoscope The phenakistoscope is a predecessor of the flip book, but don't worry: it's easier to make than pronounce. Step 1: Sketch a plan of your animation Plan out your animation with sketches. There should be 8 to 12 steps, each representing a frame. Tip The best animations for a phenakistoscope are cyclical, like a horse galloping or a child jumping rope. Step 2: Draw a circle Anchor your compass point in the center of the stiff paper and draw a circle that just touches the edges. Leave a small mark where the compass is anchored. Tip If you’re using a manila folder, cut it along the crease and use half of it as the stiff paper. Step 3: Bisect the circle Use the ruler to draw a faint line that bisects the circle. Step 4: Divide the circle into pieces Use the protractor to divide the circle into equally-sized 'wedges,' with each wedge representing a frame in your animation. Tip To divide the circle into eight wedges, each piece should be 45 degrees. For 9 wedges, 40 degrees; 10 wedges, 36 degrees; 11 wedges, 33 degrees; and 12 wedges, 30 degrees. Step 5: Cut out the circle Cut out the whole circle. Step 6: Cut slots Cut small rectangular slots about 1/8th inch wide by 1 inch long along the separating lines of each wedge. Start at the very outside of the circle and cut inward. Step 7: Make a small hole Poke a small hole through the center of the wheel, or slightly widen the one that is already there. Step 8: Repeat on drawing paper Repeat Steps 2 through 5 on the drawing paper, but make this circle 2 inches smaller in diameter. Step 9: Draw your animation On the drawing paper circle, create your animation step-by-step, clockwise around the circle. This is your animation wheel. Step 10: Align and cement the animation wheel With a small dabs of rubber cement on the back, align the animation wheel so that it is centered on the thick paper wheel. Allow 10 minutes for the rubber cement to dry. Tip The smaller wheel should come about to the slots you cut in Step 7. Step 11: Poke the thumbtack Poke the thumbtack through the animation wheel and the hole you created in the heavy paper… Step 12: Push the thumbtack into the eraser Push the thumbtack into the side of the pencil eraser. It should be in firmly enough to stick, but still loose enough for you to be able to spin the wheel freely. Step 13: Face the mirror Face the mirror, then hold your phenakistoscope up with the animated side pointed away from you. Step 14: Spin the phenakistoscope Gently spin the phenakistoscope while looking through the slits. The animation will appear in the mirror. Did You Know? The phenakistoscope was invented in 1832 by the Belgian physicist Joseph Plateau.
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How to Teach Your Baby Sign Language
Watch more New Parents Survival Kit videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/22633-How-to-Teach-Your-Baby-Sign-Language Wouldn't it be great if your baby could just tell you when he was hungry, thirsty, or getting tired? He can, if you teach him to sign. Step 1: Get an ASL dictionary Get an American Sign Language dictionary, or look up certain words online. Step 2: Start signing Start signing to your baby when he is six months old so he can begin making associations between your gestures and his needs. Say the word as you sign it. Tip Repeat the word and the sign as often as you can during the interaction; babies need the repetition in order to learn. Step 3: Begin with bottle Let’s begin with 'bottle.' Show the baby his bottle and then hold your hand in front of you, palm side up, and mimic placing a cup on it with your other hand. Tip Help the baby make the sign himself by guiding his hands with yours. Step 4: Teach sign for “milk” If you’re breast-feeding exclusively, teach him the sign for 'milk' – simply open and close your fist several times, like you’re milking a cow. Tip Use sign language consistently or not at all. Your baby won’t learn unless you repeat the sign every time the corresponding action takes place. Step 5: Show him how to ask for “more” food Tell him to ask for more by raising your hands in front of you and touching and untouching your fingertips. Step 6: Help him tell you he’s thirsty Help him tell you he’s thirsty by making the sign for 'drink.' Just pretend there’s a cup in your hand and tip it toward your mouth. Step 7: Speed up potty training Speed up potty training by making the sign for 'toilet' when you catch him peeing or pooping. Just put your thumb between your first two fingers and shake your hand back and forth. Step 8: Help baby communicate that he’s sleepy Help baby communicate that he’s sleepy before he gets fussy. Every time you put him to bed, hold your right hand in front of your face, fingers spread and palm facing toward you. Then move your hand down toward your chin as you bring all your fingers together. Step 9: Enjoy the perks Enjoy the perks of being able to communicate with your baby – less frustration on his part means fewer crying jags for you to deal with! Did You Know? Research has shown that although babies are unable to speak at six months, they have the ability by that age to use and understand language.
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How to Do the Fish Pose
Watch more How to Do Yoga Poses videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/242-How-to-Do-the-Fish-Pose You know those claims that eating fish will make you smarter and healthier? Well, the Fish Pose ups the ante: Traditional yoga texts call this pose "the destroyer of all diseases." Warning Do not attempt this pose if you are pregnant or suffer from a hernia or a neck or back injury. Step 1: Lie on back Lie on your back with your spine straight, your arms and legs extended out and relaxed. Step 2: Lift pelvis Lift your pelvis off the floor slightly as you slide your hands under your butt, palms down. Allow your butt to rest on top of your hands, with your forearms tucked in to your sides. Step 3: Raise upper body Inhale and bend your elbows, pressing your forearms down to help lift your back up, raising your chest, head, shoulders, upper back and upper arms off the floor. Step 4: Drop head Drop your head back, allowing the top of your head to rest on the mat. Your weight should remain mostly on your elbows. Tip If you feel any strain in your neck or throat, lower your back slightly or put a folded towel under your neck and back for more support. Step 5: Hold pose Hold this pose for a several relaxed breaths. Tip To vary the pose, slowly raise your arms off the mat and bring them in front of your chest, palms touching. Step 6: Release pose Release the pose by returning your arms or legs to the ground if either are lifted, and then ease yourself out of the arch to bring your upper back down to the ground. Eat fish for dinner and consider yourself a paragon of health. Did You Know? In Hinduism, the fish is a symbol of Vishnu the Creator, who is said to have taken the form of a gold fish to save the world from a great flood.
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How to Stop Your Puppy From Biting
Top Rated Products for any Dog Owner: FURminator deShedding Tool for Dogs: http://amzn.to/1JBydfH Bil-Jac Little Jacs Liver Training Treats: http://amzn.to/1UrI76w Earthbath All Natural Grooming Wipes: http://amzn.to/1JykFiY Premier Gentle Leader Head Dog Collar: http://amzn.to/1FjRGxo Earth Rated® Green Dispenser with Dog Waste Poop Bags: http://amzn.to/1KI1IyE Watch more Dog Training 101 videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/359867-How-to-Stop-Your-Puppy-From-Biting Teaching your puppy to stop biting requires consistency and hard work. Save your fingers from future pain by training your dog at a young age that biting and chewing is bad behavior. Step 1: Play with your puppy, bringing attention to your hands Sit on the floor with your puppy and play. Bring their attention to your hands by tapping the floor in front of them and wiggling your fingers. Tip Don't scare your dog by tapping their face. Teasing might cause them to instinctively bite out of self-defense. Step 2: Yell "Ow!" and stop playing when puppy bites Loudly and sharply yell "Ow!" when your puppy bites you too hard. Quickly pull your hands away and immediately stop playing. Step 3: Play again and see if they continue to bite Play with your puppy again after a few minutes have passed. Again, draw attention to your hands, and see if they bite. Step 4: Offer a reward if they don't bite Offer a treat or other reward if your puppy doesn't bite your hand, and continue playing with them. Step 5: Yell "Ow!" again; ignore for 20 seconds if they bite Yell "Ow!" again if they bite you. Then turn away and ignore the dog or put them in a designated time-out spot. Wait 20 to 30 seconds before turning to them and trying again. Tip Choose a "time-out" spot for your dog, like a small room away from people, toys, and other animals; use this spot as a means of punishment. Never hit your dog to punish them. Step 6: Be consistent Be consistent in your training, practicing in short, 15-minute bursts of time as often as you can. Your dog will quickly learn that biting is a quick way to bring an end to the fun. Did You Know? Like humans, dogs have two sets of teeth -- baby teeth and adult teeth. Around four months old, a puppy's baby teeth start to fall out and their adult teeth grow in.
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How to Comfort Someone Who Has Lost a Loved One
Watch more Manners & Etiquette videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/408595-How-to-Comfort-Someone-Who-Has-Lost-a-Loved-One The loss of a loved one can leave partners, friends, and family devastated. To ease the burden, offer whatever solace you can. Step 1: Allow them to grieve Allow the person to grieve in their own way. Don't judge their behavior, which may be erratic at first. Unpredictable moods are normal. Tip If you tend to be a caretaker, now is the time to dial it back. You can't fix this. Step 2: Show empathy Comfort the grieving person with genuine sympathy for their loss without assuming to know how they feel. Avoid giving advice. Step 3: Change the environment Suggest a walk or a drive to remove them from their environment for a short time. They will need their strength in the coming days, so a little relief might be appreciated. Step 4: Listen and absorb Listen and absorb any need they may have to dwell on the past or obsess about regrets regarding the loved one. Right now they need to vent and your unconditional regard is crucial. Step 5: Take on tasks Offer to take over everyday tasks, like grocery shopping, child care, phone calls, and final arrangements if the grieving person was a family member or very close to the deceased. Running interference and handling phone calls will save their energy and will allow them time to think or rest. Step 6: Support them with silence Support them with silence and hold their hand or hug them. Don't push them to express emotion, even if their brave smile seems to suggest that something is being repressed. Tip It will take time to get through the loss. Don't stop checking on them and offering your shoulder -- even months later. Step 7: Get clinical help Suggest clinical help if the person seems unable to come out of it, especially if they demonstrate difficulty functioning, thinking, acting, or speaking, or they exhibit excessive bitterness, substance abuse, or social withdrawal. Did You Know? According to the Federal Trade Commission, the average cost of a funeral in America exceeded $10,000 in 2010.
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How to Make "Halaweh" (Natural Hair Remover)
Watch more Waxing & Shaving Tips videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/176434-How-to-Make-Halaweh-Natural-Hair-Remover This all-natural hair remover, called halaweh in Arabic, has been used in Middle Eastern homes for centuries. Step 1: Heat the pan Heat the empty saucepan on low for 30 seconds to a minute. Slowly add in the sugar, water, and lemon juice, and stir. Step 2: Stir and boil Continue to stir slowly with a wooden spoon until the mixture becomes smooth and begins to bubble. After a couple of minutes at a low boil, turn the heat to low. Step 3: Let cool After about five minutes, when the mixture has turned thick and dark brown, remove it from the heat and let it cool for 15 minutes. Step 4: Pour out Pour the mixture onto the plate or plastic wrap so it spreads out flat. It should be thick and move slowly, like molasses. Tip If the mixture is too inflexible, try adding water. If it's too runny, heat it for another few minutes. Step 5: Pull and stretch Pull and stretch the mixture like taffy between your hands. After a few pulls, its color will lighten from brownish to a shiny golden brown. It’s now ready to use! Step 6: Spread Roll a golf-ball size piece of halaweh between your hands. Using your thumb, spread the ball over the skin in the same direction as the hair growth. Press hard. Tip For the halaweh to remove hair effectively, the hair must be at least one-quarter-inch long. Step 7: Rip In a quick, smooth motion, rip off the halaweh in the opposite direction of hair growth. Repeat until all the hair is gone. Did You Know? In many Middle Eastern households, children often eat the halaweh leftovers.
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How to Deliver a Baby in an Emergency
Watch more How to Handle a Medical Problem videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/217705-How-to-Deliver-a-Baby-in-an-Emergency You can see the baby’s head but there’s no doctor in sight. First, calm down. Then follow these instructions. Warning When delivering a baby, do not try to pull out either the child or the umbilical cord. Step 1: Put down some sheets Put down some sheets, towels, clothing, or even an unread newspaper -- anything you can find that’s clean. Step 2: Position the mom-to-be If you have assistance and she’s comfortable with it, help the mom-to-be stand with her knees slightly bent; that way, gravity will be on your side. Otherwise, have her lie on her back, then prop up her back with something soft. Step 3: Wash up Scrub your hands, as well as your arms up to your elbows, with hand sanitizer or soap and warm water. Step 4: Encourage mom to breathe Remind the mom-to-be to take deep breaths and to push. Step 5: Instruct mom to stop pushing Once the baby’s head emerges, tell the mother to stop pushing. Step 6: Support the baby’s head Gently cradle the baby’s head, then prepare to catch! After the shoulders slip out one at a time, the rest of the body will quickly follow. Step 7: Leave the cord alone Leave the cord-cutting to a medical professional. Tip If the cord is wrapped tightly around the baby’s neck, preventing the infant from breathing, tie shoelaces, string, or some dental floss around the cord in 2 places, about 4-8 inches from the baby’s navel, to cut off the blood flow. Knot them tightly, then cut the cord in the middle with clean scissors. Once it's cut, gently unwrap the cord from the neck. Warning Make sure you leave enough space between the ties and your cut so that the knots remain secure. Otherwise the baby could bleed to death. Step 8: Get the baby breathing Clear the baby’s air passages by gently stroking downward on its nose and mouth. If the baby doesn’t seem to be breathing, gently slap the bottom of its feet. If that doesn’t work, blow a few gentle breaths into the baby’s mouth. Step 9: Wrap the baby Wrap the baby in something clean and soft to keep it warm. Step 10: Encourage mom to breast-feed Encourage the new mom to breast-feed immediately; this will help her body expel the placenta and stop her bleeding. Tip Let the placenta emerge on its own; don’t try to pull it out. Save it for the doctor, who will want to examine it. Step 11: Get mom and baby to hospital Now get mom and baby to the hospital, or call 911. Did You Know? According to the Centers for Disease Control, 30 percent of babies born in America are delivered by cesarean section.
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How to Avoid Static Electricity
Watch more Stains & Laundry videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/307292-How-to-Avoid-Static-Electricity Reduce your chances of getting a nasty shock that's not just annoying, but potentially dangerous. Step 1: Wear cotton Wear clothes made from cotton and other natural fibers, which are low-static materials. Step 2: Go barefoot Wear leather-soled shoes or go barefoot if you're getting shocked indoors. Synthetic-fiber, rugs and rubber shoe soles can react to create static electricity. Step 3: Touch nonconductive material Touch nonconductive material to reduce static buildup, including wood or concrete. Touching metal, water, or another person when your body is highly charged has the opposite effect and may give you a shock. Step 4: Use a humidifier Use a humidifier or put out a bowl of water in very dry rooms. Static charge build-up is enhanced when the air is dry. Step 5: Use dryer sheets Rub your car seats or upholstered furniture with dryer sheets if static is a problem there. Step 6: Touch door frame Avoid potentially dangerous shocks while pumping gas by touching the vehicle's metal doorframe before you get out of the car. Hold the metal until you are completely out of the car. Tip Don't re-enter the car while fueling. If you must, discharge static again before touching the pump. Step 7: Use your key Touch a key to another metal object to painlessly discharge build up before you touch anything with your hands. Did You Know? After removing a hat, hairs receive the same positive charge, which repel each other, causing hair to stand up.
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How to Protect Yourself from Stingrays
Be prepared and watch your step in stingray waters! Stainless Steel Tweezers: http://amzn.to/1RwFHUf Sting Ray Guardz: http://amzn.to/1jRF4cS First Aid Kit: http://amzn.to/1Oocahc Hot Pack Medi-Pak Instant Chemical Activation: http://amzn.to/1QbTFtS Watch more How to Have Fun at the Beach videos: Death by stingray is extremely rare, but getting hit with their barb still hurts like hell — which is why you need to learn how to play footsie safely with these sea creatures. Step 1: Know where stingrays like to hang out – in shallow water along the ocean shoreline and near the mouth of a bayou. Step 2: Do The Stingray Shuffle. Slide your feet along the ocean floor rather than lifting them; it will prevent you from stepping down hard on a stingray – the most common way of getting stuck by the serrated stinger on its tail. Plus, the movement warns stingrays that you're in the area. Step 3: Consider wearing water shoes. If you do step on a stingray, your footwear may prevent the barb from penetrating. Step 4: If you're stepping into murky water from a boat, poke around with a stick before you set down your foot. Tip Invest in stingray guards or leggings if you do a lot of wade fishing. Step 5: If you do get stung and are bleeding, apply pressure to stem the bleeding and seek immediate medical care. Step 6: If the injury is minor, remove the stinger with tweezers, being careful not to squeeze it further into the skin. Clean the area with soap and water, and plunge it the hottest water you can tolerate for 30 minutes. Or, apply a chemical heat pack. The heat kills the venom that causes the intense pain. Tip Test the water with a thermometer before immersing the wounded area so you don't burn yourself. The water shouldn't be above 110 degrees Fahrenheit. Step 7: Have a doctor clean out the wound to make sure none of the barb remains in your body. Left-behind pieces will cause infection. Did You Know? About 1,500 Americans are injured by stingrays every year.
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How to Do the Windmill
Watch more How to Dance videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/359833-How-to-Do-the-Windmill A staple break-dancing move, learn the Windmill to transition into even more difficult dance techniques. Step 1: Warm up, stretch Warm up and stretch thoroughly to avoid pulled muscles or other injuries. Step 2: Squat, begin form Squat on the mat, balancing on the balls of your feet. Place your right hand on the ground in the center of your body with your elbow bent in firmly to your stomach. Place your left hand on the ground about a foot in front of your right. Step 3: Turn head, lift legs Turn your head to the right and lower it until your face is touching the ground and lift your legs in the air, slightly flared, with your weight supported by your arms and head. Tip This position is called the "Baby Freeze" in break-dancing. Step 4: Scissor legs, roll over Scissor your legs by swinging your right leg to the left, crossing underneath your left while kicking your left leg back and up over the right leg. Follow through by collapsing your right arm in and rolling over onto your shoulder and upper back with your legs bent and raised in the air. Tip Make sure you roll on your upper back between the shoulder blades without letting your middle or lower back touch the ground. Step 5: Roll into Baby Freeze, repeat Roll from your upper back back into the Baby Freeze starting position and repeat to complete the Windmill. Did You Know? Since 1990 a "Battle of the Year" break-dancing competition has taken place where teams from around the world compete for bragging rights of being the Best in Show team.
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How to Get OSHA Certification
Watch more How to Start a Business videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/410112-How-to-Get-OSHA-Certification The U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) enforces regulations designed to keep the workplace safe. Get OSHA certification for your occupation and/or business. Step 1: Go to the OSHA website Go to the Certificate and Degree Programs page at osha.gov. Read certificate program descriptions specific to your occupation. Step 2: Go to outreachtrainers.org Go to an OSHA-recommended website, and enter your zip code to search for an OTI (OSHA Training Institute) facility near you. Tip OSHA certification courses at an OTI facility are typically 10 to 30 hours. Step 3: E-mail for a current list of online trainers E-mail the Department of Labor for a current online trainer list at outreach@dol.gov if you don't live near an OTI facility. Step 4: Enroll in a training program Enroll in a training program online or at an OTI facility. After taking classes, you'll get your certification or completion card and be OSHA certified. Did You Know? In 2010, the California Division of Occupational Safety and Health's standards board voted to create a committee to consider mandating the use of condoms in the adult film industry.
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How to Write a Sonnet
Watch more How to Write Fiction & Poetry videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/383545-How-to-Write-a-Sonnet For those special occasions, say it with a sonnet -- a 14-line poem in iambic pentameter. You don't have to be Shakespeare, either, just follow these tips. Step 1: Define Know the definition of iambic pentameter. An iamb is a rhythmic unit called a foot consisting of one unstressed syllable and one stressed syllable. It could be a single word, such as "instead" or two monosyllabic words, like "go on." Pentameter means the iamb is repeated five times. Step 2: Find rhythm Clap out the rhythm of iambic pentameter and repeat: da DUM/da DUM/da DUM/da DUM/da DUM. Tip Use this famous line from Shakespeare's "Sonnet 18" as a guide, which begins: "Shall I compare thee to a summer's day?" Step 3: Plan worksheet Create a worksheet by drawing a straight line on a piece of paper and dividing it into five segments. Repeat 14 times for the 14 lines of the sonnet. Step 4: Place rhyme scheme Write in the letters that represent the rhyme scheme at the end of each of the 14 lines. Shakespearean sonnets often have a rhyme scheme of ABAB CDCD EFEF GG. Tip The four lines grouped together of a sonnet are called a quatrain. The ending two lines are called a rhyming couplet. Step 5: Write iamb Write one iamb -- one unstressed syllable and one stressed -- in each segment until you have 10 syllables in iambic pentameter. This is your sonnet's first line. Tip If your thoughts don't fit into the scheme, use a thesaurus to find alternate words. Step 6: Repeat step Repeat for the next three lines. Make sure the quatrain matches your rhyme scheme: lines one and three should rhyme, and lines two and four should rhyme. Come up with two different rhyming sounds for the next quatrain, CDCD, and another two for the third quatrain, EFEF. The last two lines, GG, should rhyme with each other. Step 7: Study examples Study the sonnets of poets like Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Edna St. Vincent Millay, and William Wordsworth for classic examples. Soon, your sonnet will be expressing ideas worthy of the classics! Did You Know? Elizabeth Barrett Browning secretly wrote a series of 44 sonnets about her love for her husband-to-be, the poet Robert Browning.
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How to Play Assassins
Watch more Party Games & Tricks videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/343055-How-to-Play-Assassins Put down the game controller. It's time to organize the fantasy battle of the century – in your own backyard. Step 1: Establish a play area Establish a play area. Your play area can be as small as a player's backyard or as large as a neighborhood. Tip The number of players will dictate the size of the play area. Step 2: Set a time limit Set a time limit. This can be as specific as one or two hours, or as open-ended as until only one player is left. Step 3: Select a moderator Elect someone to be the moderator. The moderator keeps track of kills, enforces rules, and umpires disputes. Step 4: Select weapons Select your weaponry. You can use almost anything for a weapon -- toy guns, water balloons, sticks -- anything. Step 5: Designate safe areas Designate safe zones where no kills are permitted. These can be a porch, a bush, a building -- whatever's convenient. Step 6: Assign victims Randomly assign a victim to each assassin if you are the moderator. Picking names out of a hat is common practice. Tip You can alter the rules to allow players to form alliances with other. Step 7: Start the game Determine a start time if you're the moderator. Announce that play starts at a certain time. Step 8: Stalk your victim Stalk your victim. No one knows who their assassin is, so be careful. When you kill your victim, you assume responsibility for their victim. Step 9: Win the game End the game by being the last assassin alive or by having the most kills when the time is up. Did You Know? The assassin bug earns its name by using its straw-shaped mouth to stab its prey, inject a poison, and suck out its juice.
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How to Use Hand Signals on a Bicycle
Shift into a Higher Gear with these Assets for Cyclists Turbospoke Bicycle Exhaust System: http://amzn.to/1Fdha4X Raskullz Cat Helmet: http://amzn.to/1gpc6i8 Sunlite Squeeze Horns: http://amzn.to/1NBvjvR Camelbak Men's M.U.L.E. Hydration Pack: http://amzn.to/1Kl9ZUp LED Cycling Flash Taillight: http://amzn.to/1NBxf7j Lightweight Bicycle Mirror: http://amzn.to/1OcXAst Watch more Bike Riding Tips videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/183189-How-to-Use-Hand-Signals-on-a-Bicycle Step 1: Prepare to turn left Learn how to signal a left turn. About 50 yards before the turn, take your left hand off the handlebars and extend it to the left, perpendicular to your body. Tip These signals apply to countries where motorists and cyclists drive on the right side of the road. For countries that use the left side of the road, check with local cycling organizations or direct.gov.uk. Step 2: Turn left Hold your hand open and point it in the direction you're turning. Keeping your arm extended, start riding from the right shoulder of the street to the left side of the lane. Once you reach the intersection, turn left. Tip Don't assume that cars behind you have noticed your hand signal. Always glance backwards quickly before you initiate your turn to check for traffic. Step 3: Turn right Know how to signal a right turn. About 25 yards before you turn right, raise your left hand with the elbow bent 90 degrees, your hand pointing skyward, and your left arm forming an "L." Check for traffic before entering the intersection to turn. Tip It's also acceptable to extend your right arm perpendicular to your body to signal a right turn. Step 4: Stop Learn the signal for a stop. About 50 yards before you come to a stop, raise your left elbow until it is perpendicular to your body. Point your fingers down to the pavement, palm facing the traffic or riders behind you, so your arm forms a reverse "7." Hold this position until you come to a stop. Step 5: Signal for a group Know the signal for a group of riders. If you are riding with a group behind you, signal drivers in front of you by raising your left hand straight above your head, palm forward. Did You Know? Drivers and motorcyclists whose turn signals and brake lights aren't working can also use the same signals.
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How to Avoid Getting Sick on a Roller Coaster
Watch more Summer Fun videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/399033-How-to-Avoid-Getting-Sick-on-a-Roller-Coaster Fast and exciting, roller coasters spur some to scream and others to Step 1: Avoid heavy meals Avoid eating heavy meals right before you venture onto an intense ride. Don't stuff yourself with corn dogs and cotton candy and avoid acids like soft drinks and fruit juices. Instead, opt for lighter fare like a sandwich or a salad. Tip Tilting your head to the side can actually increase motion sickness. Instead, keep your head straight, close your eyes, and breathe deeply through your mouth. Step 2: Stay hydrated Stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water, especially on hot summer days. In addition to minimizing motion sickness, staying hydrated wards off heat stroke and dehydration. Tip Natural remedies to prevent motion sickness include ginger capsules and ginger ale, as well as pressure-point bracelets. Step 3: Rest up Rest for a few minutes after exiting an intense ride. Allow your body to adjust and regain its equilibrium. Sit on a bench and put your head between your legs if you still feel nauseous. Step 4: Ride in the front Ride in the coaster's first car. Riding in front minimizes your chances of motion sickness. Step 5: Take medication Take Dramamine, an over-the-counter motion sickness medication, about an hour before you arrive at the park. But be careful -- it can cause drowsiness. Did You Know? As of 2010, the Kingda Ka roller coaster at the Six Flags amusement park in New Jersey was the tallest, fastest roller coaster in the world.
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How to Create a Zoetrope
Watch more Animation Techniques videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/169724-How-to-Create-a-Zoetrope For a fun novelty project, try making a zoetrope at home. Step 1: Plan the animation Plan out your animation. Assume there will be about 12 cells, or steps. Tip The best animations for a zoetrope are cyclical, like a man walking, or a sun rising and setting. Step 2: Place the lid flat side down Place the can lid flat side down. Step 3: Roll white paper into a tube and place into lid Gently roll the white paper into a tube and place it into the lid, so that the rim of the lid supports the tube of paper. You will have a drum with an open end and the lid as the bottom. Step 4: Mark where the inside edge overlaps the paper Use the pencil to lightly mark where the inside edge overlaps the inside of the white paper. Step 5: Measure the white paper Lay the white paper flat and measure the distance from the inside edge of the sheet to the mark. This will be the longer distance to the mark you made. Step 6: Divide by the number of steps in your animation Divide the distance by 12 — or the number of steps in your animation — and mark a light line at the bottom edge of the paper to divide each cell. Step 7: Sketch out the animation Sketch out your animation, beginning at the left cell and moving right along each cell. Step 8: Return the paper to the lid Gently re-roll the white sheet and place it back into the lid to make sure all of your cells will be shown. Step 9: Place black paper flat with white paper on top Place the black paper flat with the white paper on top and flush along the long edge. Make sure the light lines you made in Step 6 run along the middle of the black sheet. Step 10: Draw a line down the length of the black paper Use the edge of the white paper to draw a line down the length of the black paper. It will run down the middle. Step 11: Continue the marks you made onto the black sheet Continue the marks you made on the white sheet onto the black sheet. They should intersect the long line you made in Step 9. Step 12: Move the white sheet Move the white sheet to 1/8" inside of the opposite edge of the black sheet. Step 13: Extend the lines Extend the lines again from the white sheet to the edge of the black sheet. Remove the white sheet. Tip The sets of small lines you copied on to the black sheet should line up all the way down the black sheet. Step 14: Connect the sets of marks Use the ruler and pencil to connect the sets of marks you made on the black sheet. Step 15: Cut windows Using the lines you made in Step 13 as guides, cut windows out of the black sheet with craft knife. The windows should start in the middle, run about 1" down the line and be about 1/8" wide. Step 16: Cut an X in the lid’s center Carefully find the center of the lid and cut a 3/8"-wide X in the top. Step 17: Run a bead of glue on the inside of the lid’s lip Run a light bead of glue along the inside edge of the lid's lip. Step 18: Roll the black paper and place it in the lid Gently roll the black sheet and place it in the lid so that the slits are furthest away from the lid. Step 19: Push the black paper against the glue and let dry Gently press the black paper out against the lid's lip so that it bonds to the glue on the lid. Set aside to dry. Step 20: Poke the pencil down through the X Poke the pencil down through the X you had cut so that it sticks out the bottom. Tip The brass eraser holder should snag on the cut edges of the lid’s X. Step 21: Roll the white sheet and place inside the drum Gently roll the white sheet and place it inside the drum so the bottom of the animation rests on the lid. Step 22: Rotate the drum Clasp the pencil between your palms and slowly rotate the drum while looking through windows from the outside in to the opposite side of the drum. Step 23: Watch your animation Watch your animation in glorious Zoetrope vision. Did You Know? A convection-powered version of the zoetrope was built around 180 A.D. by the Chinese inventor Ting Huan.
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How to Kill Bugs without Poison
Watch more How to Go Green at Home videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/81412-How-to-Kill-Bugs-without-Poison You don't have to bring poison into your home to get rid of bugs. Try one of these nontoxic killers. Step 1: Try diatomaceous earth Available at garden centers, diatomaceous earth is an odorless powder that is to many insects what Kryptonite is to Superman. Made of the fossilized shells of the prehistoric sea creature diatom, it causes critters to dehydrate and die. Step 2: Use essential oils on skin You may like the smell of peppermint, chamomile, cedar wood, and eucalyptus, but mosquitoes don’t--studies show these scents repel up to 93% of them! Sprinkle essential oil onto your skin, or add about 10 drops per ounce to your favorite sunscreen. Step 3: Use boric acid Sprinkle boric acid in cracks and crevices. It’s safe for humans but deadly to bugs; they walk through it and then digest it when grooming themselves. As long as the powder doesn’t get wet, it keeps working for months. Step 4: Make sweet poison Are you seeing roaches? Mix baking soda with powdered sugar and put it out on small lids. The sugar acts as bait, while the baking soda poisons them. Tip Don’t forget to put your poison in hard-to-reach hiding places, such as behind the refrigerator. Step 5: Block ants Got ants? Find the place where they’re entering your home and circle the area with a line of a something that has a strong natural scent, like cinnamon, mint, cayenne pepper, or coffee grounds. Ants won’t cross the line. Step 6: Scent your walls Wipe down your walls with lavender oil. The scent causes bugs to scurry away. Step 7: Spice things up Basil and bay leaves have been used for centuries as natural insect repellents. In fact, in many parts of the world basil is packaged inside bags of grain to protect them. Sprinkle your spices wherever bugs are a problem. Did You Know? Americans put 300 million pounds of pesticides on their lawns each year.
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How to Make Homemade Doughnuts
Like these Desserts !!! Check out the official app http://apple.co/1PCxoZe Watch more Delicious Desserts videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/316150-How-to-Make-Homemade-Doughnuts If delicious rings of dough dance in your head more often than sugar plums, this guide will have you serving up glazy goodness without leaving your kitchen. Step 1: Proof the yeast Proof the yeast by soaking it in 1 cup warm water for 10 minutes. Then add 1 cup all-purpose flour and set aside. Step 2: Combine butter and sugar Combine the butter and sugar in the mixing bowl and cream them together. Slowly add the eggs, one at a time. Step 3: Combine vanilla, salt, bread flour Combine the vanilla, salt, and bread flour and add it to the butter, sugar, and egg mixture a little at a time until they're fully incorporated. Step 4: Add the yeast mixture Stir in the yeast mixture and let everything sit for 1 to 2 hours. Step 5: Roll out the dough Roll out the dough to a thickness of ½-inch on a floured surface to prevent sticking. Cut out doughnuts using a doughnut cutter. Tip Use holiday cookie cutters to create fun-shaped doughnuts for any occasion. Step 6: Fry the doughnuts Fry the doughnuts in a deep fryer or cast iron skillet filled with oil heated to 370 degrees Fahrenheit. Fry in small batches, until they're golden brown on both sides. Tip Use wood skewers to gently flip doughnuts after 3 to 4 minutes per side. Step 7: Cool and decorate Cool the doughnuts on a cooling rack and then decorate them or chow them plain. Did You Know? The 1,500-calorie "Luther Burger" was created in Decatur, Georgia and uses two glazed doughnuts instead of a bun.
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How to Recognize Breast Cancer Symptoms
Watch more Client Videos videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/418228-How-to-Recognize-Breast-Cancer-Symptoms Over the course of a woman's lifetime, she may experience breast changes. While many end up being nothing to worry about, it's important to have any changes that you notice checked by a doctor -- just to be on the safe side. Here are the potential breast cancer symptoms to watch out for. Warning This video does not replace actual medical advice. Always consult your doctor with any questions or concerns. Step 1: Do a monthly self-exam Start performing a monthly self-exam as soon as your breasts are fully developed. Checking yourself regularly is important -- you need to know what your breasts feel like normally so you can recognize any changes. Examine yourself several days after your period ends, when your breasts are least likely to be swollen and tender. If you're no longer having periods, choose a day that's easy to remember, such as the first or last day of the month. Keep in mind that it's not uncommon for breasts to feel lumpy due to benign fibrocystic breast disease, cysts, scar tissue, infections, and other causes that have nothing to do with cancer. Tip For instructions on how to do a breast self-exam properly, go to "Breastcancer.org":http://www.breastcancer.org/. Step 2: Have lumps checked Know what you're feeling for: a lump that feels different from your breast's normal lumpiness, like discovering a pebble in your oatmeal. Though many lumps are benign, anything that feels new or odd should be checked by your doctor -- even if you've recently had a clean mammogram. Check for lumps in your armpits, too. Tip Cancerous lumps are more likely to be hard, painless, and unmovable. Step 3: Beware of dimpled skin Look for visible changes, like dimpled, puckered, thickened, reddened, or scaly breast skin, or a flattening or indentation on the breast. All are potential breast cancer symptoms that should be evaluated. Step 4: Note nipple changes Recognize the nipple changes that can indicate breast cancer -- pain; redness; scaliness; itching; skin thickening; the nipple turning inward; or discharge other than breast milk. Step 5: Have pain and swelling evaluated See your doctor about swelling in all or part of your breast, or breast pain. Though swelling and soreness are usually no cause for concern, these symptoms can be signs of a rare but aggressive form of the disease known as inflammatory breast cancer. Step 6: Get regular check-ups Have your doctor perform a breast examination at your yearly check-up, and begin annual mammograms at age 40. If you have a family history of the disease, tell your doctor: they may suggest that you start having mammograms at an earlier age. Knowing the signs of breast cancer -- and being proactive about knowing how to recognize them early -- is the best way to protect yourself. Did You Know? In a "Breastcancer.org":http://www.breastcancer.org/ survey of more than 2,200 women, 37 percent said they first detected their breast cancer with a self-exam.
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How to Make Your Own Frozen Dinners
Watch more Cooking Techniques videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/356231-How-to-Make-Your-Own-Frozen-Dinners Creating your own TV dinners is easy and economical. These guidelines will help you get started. Step 1: Know which foods freeze well Know which cooked foods freeze well. Rice, pasta, and bean dishes; stews; roasted, baked, or broiled meat and poultry; and vegetables all reheat nicely. Cooked fish can be frozen, but defrosting and reheating may affect the texture. Don't freeze fried foods, which can turn rancid when warmed up. Tip If you're preparing pasta, rice, or vegetables specifically for frozen dinners, undercook them a bit. Step 2: Use the proper container Use the proper container. If you plan to microwave the meal, arrange the leftovers on a sturdy paper plate or microwaveable dish. For oven heating, use an aluminum pie plate. Don't mound food higher than an inch and a half or it won't reheat evenly. Tip If your vegetables are well-cooked, save them for soup and use frozen veggies topped with a pat of butter instead. Step 3: Keep food moist Spoon a little sauce, gravy, oil, or butter on the food to help prevent freezer burn and keep it moist. If you're using a sectioned plate, add a dessert! Sliced cake, cupcakes, and cookies freeze and defrost well. Step 4: Let food cool Let food cool before covering the plate with freezer-safe plastic wrap, forcing out as much air as possible. Then wrap it tightly with a couple of layers of heavy-duty aluminum foil, sealing the edges tightly. Step 5: Label Label the meal with the contents and date before putting it in the freezer, where it will stay good up to four months. Step 6: Reheat To reheat, remove the wrapping. If using a microwave, cover with a plastic dome or paper towels, with a corner turned back to allow steam to be released. Nuke on defrost for about eight minutes, and then on high for three to five. If reheating in the oven, cover with foil and bake at 350 degrees for 25 minutes, then uncover and bake another 10 minutes. Step 7: Enjoy Enjoy your homemade TV dinner! And keep experimenting until you have a few go-to frozen meals down to a science. Did You Know? Frozen meals were first sold to consumers in 1949 under the One-Eyed Eskimo label, and were only sold in the Pittsburgh area.
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How to Perfect the Elevator Pitch
Watch more Business Skills videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/297027-How-to-Perfect-the-Elevator-Pitch If you happen to run into your ideal employer or business partner, in an elevator – or anywhere else for that matter – you'll have about 30 seconds or less to wow them. Here's how to do it. Step 1: Brainstorm Brainstorm a list of phrases that describe you and cross off any cliches or catch phrases. Keep only the most unique and honest statements. Step 2: Craft a description Craft a description of qualifications that you can share in 30 seconds or less. Tip Write the pitch like you speak. This will make it easier to deliver and make it sound more authentic. Step 3: Practice Practice your pitch on friends and family. Ask for feedback and adjust your pitch. It will become natural by doing it over and over. Tip Use a mirror to pitch yourself. If you can't look yourself in the eye, how can you engage someone else? Step 4: Make it about them Make your pitch about the needs of your listener. Talk about the problems facing their industry that you are uniquely positioned to solve. Step 5: Describe your value Describe your value in solving these problems. Step 6: Allow room for dialogue Allow room for dialogue. Most people don't like to be talked at, so be conversational and show an interest in them. Step 7: Ask for something Ask for something – a business card, a phone call, or permission to send your resume. The point of your pitch is to break the ice and generate interest, but you need to ask for the next step. Did You Know? Did you know? As of 2009, the Taipei Financial Center in Taiwan featured the world's fastest elevator, running at a top speed of 39 miles per hour.
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How to Tell If Santa Came While You Were Sleeping
Watch more How to Have a Merry Christmas videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/402184-How-to-Tell-If-Santa-Came-While-You-Were-Sleeping Aside from the pile of gifts under the tree, how can you really tell if Santa came while you were asleep? Here are some traps you can set and clues to look for. Step 1: Set up a test Leave a snack for Santa that your parents don't like. That way, if it's eaten, you'll know it wasn't just your mom and dad messing with you. Tip Put out grass for the reindeer. Most folks leave carrots, but reindeer prefer grass; that's why those carrots are usually only half-eaten. Step 2: Look for white hairs Put a comb and mirror alongside Santa's snack. Santa likes to look good, and won't be able to resist giving his 'stache and beard a quick grooming -- the white hairs left behind will prove that he came while you were sleeping. Step 3: Take a picture Take a few pictures of your living room before you go to bed. A big guy like Santa can't go bustling around with a sack on his back without knocking into a few things. The next morning, you'll be able to compare scenes to see if anything's been disturbed. Step 4: Check for soot Check the presents for black streaks. Santa slides down a lot of chimneys on Christmas Eve; it would be impossible for none of that soot to transfer to the gifts. Step 5: Feel for dampness Feel the floor for damp spots -- evidence of North Pole snow clinging to Santa's boots. Step 6: Don't be discouraged Don't be discouraged if you don't find any solid proof that Santa came while you were sleeping. As someone who's been secretly delivering presents for thousands of years, Santa's gotten pretty darn good at covering his tracks. Did You Know? The reindeer names "Donner" and "Blitzen" come from the words "thunder" and "lightning" in German.
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How to Light a Green Screen
Watch more Filmmaking 101 videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/353974-How-to-Light-a-Green-Screen Shooting in front of a green screen lets you swap in another background in post-production. Make the most of this technique with the right lighting. Step 1: Set up the shot Set up the shot. Position the talent or stand-in as far from the screen as possible while keeping them in the frame. Place the lights for the screen behind or beside the talent to avoid shadows. Light the talent independently from the screen. Tip For full-body shots, lay non-green blankets or poster board on the floor around the talent to reduce reflected green light. Step 2: Light the screen Once everything is in place, take the actor out of the equation. Diffuse the lights with gels, reposition the barn doors, and move the lights so the screen is lit as evenly as possible. Step 3: Find hot spots Use your camera's "zebra" function to find hotspots. Close the iris; then slowly open it. If stripes appear in some patches before others, adjust the lights so the screen is illuminated more evenly. If the stripes appear uniform, you're good to go. Step 4: Light the talent Turn the screen lights off and light the talent. Keep in mind the lighting needs to match the background that will be composited into the scene later. Additional lights and gels may be required; use any gel as long as it doesn't closely match the screen's hue. Step 5: Turn it all on Turn all the lights on and make sure no green light is reflected on the talent. Reduce spill by adjusting or adding lights, or by moving the talent further away from the screen. Step 6: Practice Practice lighting a green screen as much as possible in order to finesse your technique and get the best look every time. Now there's no limit to where your creative vision can take you! Did You Know? The green screen technique, officially known as the chroma key process, also works with red and blue, but filmmakers don't use red because it's a dominant color in human skin tone.
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How to Set a Formal Table
Watch more Dining & Table Manners videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/308988-How-to-Set-a-Formal-Table Learn how to set a formal table and you'll no longer be intimidated by someone else's! Step 1: Start with the main plate Place a large plate, known as a charger, in the center of the place setting. This plate serves as the underplate for courses that precede the entree, and is taken away when the main dish arrives. Step 2: Lay the napkin Lay a folded napkin on top of the charger. Step 3: Add a bread dish Place a bread dish to the upper left-hand side of the charger, at the 11 o'clock position. Lay a small butter spreader diagonally across the top of the plate, handle on the right at 4 o'clock and blade facing down. Step 4: Get out the knives and spoon Place the dinner knife to the right of the charger. If there's a fish course, place the fish knife to the right of the dinner knife. If you're including an appetizer or salad knife, place it to the right of the fish knife. Make sure the blades face the plate. Step 5: Put out the forks Arrange the forks to the left of the charger in the order in which they will be used, starting from the outside and working in. The only exception is an oyster fork, which is placed on the right side of the plate, to the right of the knives and spoon. Tip An oyster fork can be used for any shellfish, not just oysters. Step 6: Add a spoon If you are serving a fruit or soup course, place the appropriate spoon to the right of the knives. Tip Don't put more than three types of one utensil on the table, except for an oyster fork, which can join three other forks. If more utensils are needed, bring them with each subsequent dish. Step 7: Set out glasses Place a water glass above the dinner knife. If you're serving champagne, a flute goes to the right of it. Place wine glasses, ending with a sherry glass, in front of the first two glasses. Step 8: Bring on dessert Bring dessert forks and spoons along with the dessert plate when that course is served. Did You Know? Erasmus, a Dutchman who wrote the first popular book of manners in 1530, suggested that diners wipe their fingers on the tablecloth, rather than licking them or wiping them on their clothes.
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How to Grow Oyster Mushrooms Indoors
Watch more Vegetable Gardening videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/424439-How-to-Grow-Oyster-Mushrooms-Indoors It's easy to grow oyster mushrooms indoors. Use them to flavor soups, wild rice, or grill and serve them as a main dish. Step 1: Wash and prep cartons Cut the tops off the milk cartons evenly around all sides and wash them to remove milk residue. Then use a pencil to punch 4 to 5 holes through each side of both cartons. Step 2: Sterilize sawdust and coffee Put the sawdust and coffee grounds into a microwave-safe bowl. Add water until the mixture has a spongy consistency and then microwave the mixture for 2 minutes, until the water is boiling, to kill any foreign organisms. Tip You may need to microwave the sawdust and coffee mixture in batches. Step 3: Remove and let it cool Remove the mixture from the microwave and allow it to return to room temperature. Step 4: Wet the sawdust and mix in spores Dampen the sawdust mixture with non-chlorinated water and mix in the oyster mushroom spawn or starter culture. Step 5: Pack cartons and store Pack the milk cartons tightly with the sawdust and spawn mixture and place them in a cool, dark place. Tip Cover the mixture with loose-fitting plastic wrap or lay plastic wrap underneath the carton with a bit of cooking oil spread around the carton's base to keep bugs away. Step 6: Keep moist and wait Keep the sawdust mixture moist with non-chlorinated water for the next few months, until your mushrooms are ready to be harvested. Did You Know? Some varieties of oyster mushrooms have been used to break down fossil fuel waste.
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How to Do the Cobra Pose
Watch more How to Do Yoga Poses videos: http://www.howcast.com/videos/227-How-to-Do-the-Cobra-Pose Cobras are known for achieving a menacing pose by expanding their hoods when threatened. You don't need a hood—or a threat—to strike a cobra pose. Just expand your chest. Step 1: Lie on stomach Lie on your stomach with your forehead and the tops of your feet against the mat. Your palms should be face down and next to your chest, your elbows bent and tucked close to your sides, and the tips of your fingers aligned with the tops of your shoulders. Step 2: Lift chest Use your back muscles to lift your chest up and off the ground, keeping the back of your neck relaxed and drawing your shoulder blades and elbows back. Step 3: Look up As your chest begins to face the sky, start to look up. Step 4: Lift chest higher Press your hands into the ground to lift your chest a little higher, but only lift as high as feels okay for your lower back, neck, and shoulders. Tip Always keep your elbows tucked close to your sides, and keep them slightly bent to prevent tensing up your shoulders. Step 5: Breathe slowly Breathe slowly for between 5 to 20 breaths. Tip To stretch out your face in this pose, stick out your tongue and open your mouth wide. Step 6: Release pose To come out of the pose simply lower your body down—no fangs necessary. Did You Know? In Hindu culture, cobras are considered harbingers of rain—and therefore symbols of power and fertility.
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