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Diabetes type 2 symptoms: This common yeast infection can indicate you have the condition
 
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Diabetes is a lifelong condition that causes a person’s blood sugar level to become too high.The longer you have diabetes, and the less controlled your blood sugar, the higher the risk of complications.Some of the complications can be disabling or even life-threatening.The NHS outlines seven symptoms, and one of these is common yeast infection thrush. Thrush is more common in people wth diabetes as high sugar levels lead to better conditions for the yeast to grow.Thrush in women appears as a white discharge (like cottage cheese), which does not usually smell, can cause itching and irritation around the vagina, and soreness and stinging during sex or when you pee.In men, thrush can cause irritation, burning and redness around the head of the penis and under the foreskin, a white discharge (like cottage cheese), an unpleasant smell and difficulty pulling back the foreskin.Thrush is usually harmless but repeated cases could indicate diabetes type 2. Symptoms of diabetes Fri, August 19, 2016 Diabetes is a common life-long health condition. There are 3.5 million people diagnosed with diabetes in the UK and an estimated 500,000 who are living undiagnosed with the condition. Play slideshow People should be aware signs and symptoms of diabetes are not always obvious and the condition is often diagnosed during GP check ups. Other symptoms of diabetes type 2 to look out for, according to the NHS, include peeing more than usual, particularly night, feeling very tired, losing weight without trying to, cuts or wounds taking longer to heal and blurred vision.While the signs and symptoms aren’t always obvious, diabetes can often be diagnosed during a routine check-up.If you think you have diabetes, see your GP as soon as possible.Early diagnosis and treatment for type 2 diabetes is very important as it may reduce the risk of developing complications later on.Treatment for diabetes aims to keep your blood glucose levels as normal as possible, and making simple lifestyle changes can usually help this.You could lower blood sugar naturally by taking Panax ginseng supplements, Northumbria University scientists claimed. Ginseng is a herb that naturally suppresses appetite, nutritionists said.But diabetics should speak to a GP before taking ginseng supplements.What complications can arise from untreated diabetes?
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Cancer treatment: Dr Chris recommends this honey to help patients survive chemotherapy
 
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Cancer treatment methods usually involve either, or a combination, of surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy.Chemotherapy is medication that works to kill off cancerous cells, but this form of treatment can also bring down a person’s white blood cell count.White blood cells help fight infections by attacking bacteria, viruses, and germs that invade the body.When the number of white cells drop as a result of chemotherapy, cancer specialists are usually forced to reduce the dose of chemotherapy or stop the treatment completely, meaning the tumour grows again.But Dr Chris, appearing on This Morning, recommended LifeMel Honey. Related articles Sunburn warning: This is how much you should reapply Prostate cancer symptoms: Enlarged prostate sign of the disease? On the Life Mel site it states: “LifeMel Honey is the only honey available that has had a clinical study done to determine effectiveness in decreasing side effects, including anaemia, severe neutropenia, and thrombocytopenia of patients involved in chemotherapy.”Dr Chris, who made it clear he was not endorsing the brand, explained the honey, which is made in Israel, comes from bees fed on a combination of medicinal herbs, including ginseng, echinacea and lemon balm.It was developed by a microbiologist who noticed that beekeepers and their families stayed healthy during a cholera outbreak.The honey is pricey, but Dr Chris said all that’s needed is one level teaspoon twice a day.He recently advised a pancreatic patient of his to take LifeMel honey - a patient whose chemotherapy was particularly toxic. Rare cancers you've probably never heard of Thu, December 15, 2016 Rare cancer types you've probably never heard of from foot cancer to salivary gland cancer. Play slideshow Getty 1 of 8 Rare cancers you've probably never heard of ITVDr Chris said: “His white blood cells dropped a little, but generally there was no change.”Starbucks and other coffee sellers in California were forced to put a cancer warning on coffee earlier this year. So should we be worried to drink takeaway coffee? Dr Chris Steele offered his recommendation on This Morning last month. Straight away he said: “No I would’t be worried.”While cancer warnings may be about to be stamped across takeaway coffee cups in California, Dr Chris reminded viewers that in the past, coffee has been found in studies to help slash the risk of cancer.Drinking three to five cups of coffee a day has been found to reduce the risk of liver cancer.LIFEMEL HONEYA review of American and Italian research at the end of last year concluded that “moderate” consumption slashed the risk of liver cancer by 40 per cent compared with those who did not drink any coffee – with more cups giving more protection.Dr Chris said he came to the conclusion that takeaway coffee is nothing to worry about after speaking with a cancer specialist.Relaying what he was told, he said: “There are items in everything that enters your body that has potential carcinoge
Просмотров: 1400 Health Pro TV
Fibromyalgia - five health conditions that could be linked to your widespread pain
 
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Fibromyalgia is a long-term condition that causes pain all over the body, according to the NHS.The exact cause of the condition is unknown, but it may be linked to abnormal levels of certain chemicals in the brain.Changes to the central nervous system may also be instigating the painful condition.Fibromyalgia symptoms often include muscle stiffness and a heightened sensitivity to pain.But, which other health conditions could be linked to fibromyalgia? Related articles Fibromyalgia symptoms: Taking CBD oil supplements Fibromyalgia symptoms: Difference between condition and arthritis “Fibromyalgia is one of the most common chronic pain disorders,” said medical website EverydayHealth.“Although fibromyalgia can occur in anyone, it's more common in women.“Between 75 and 90 per cent of people diagnosed with the disorder are women.“Having certain other medical conditions may be another risk factor for fibromyalgia.“In many cases, it isn’t clear whether these conditions might trigger the onset of fibromyalgia, or whether they are instead an effect of fibromyalgia — or whether both conditions are due to some other underlying cause.” 6 Simple exercises to prevent painful back pain Tue, October 4, 2016 Try these 6 physiotherapist-approved exercises to prevent a painful back pain. Play slideshow Getty 1 of 13 Try these 6 Simple exercises to prevent painful back pain Fibromyalgia patients often also have chronic fatigue syndrome, irritable bowel syndrome, and lyme disease, the medical website claimed.Some patients also have restless legs syndrome - a condition which causes unpleasant sensations in the legs, causing involuntary limb movements.Rheumatoid arthritis could also be linked to fibromyalgia.The arthritis is an auto-immune condition, where the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks joints.There’s currently no cure for fibromyalgia, but some treatments may help to relieve symptoms.Painkillers and antidepressants may be prescribed by your GP.Some therapies could help you to cope during flare ups, including cognitive behavioural therapy and counselling.You could also reduce fibromyalgia pain by doing plenty of regular exercise, the NHS said.See a GP if you’re worried about the symptoms of fibromyalgia.
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Batten disease: My son, aged 4, is losing his childhood... to dementia
 
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George Young is one of Britain’s youngest sufferers of the disease, which has already began to rob him of his childhood and will eventually stop him growing up.George was a happy, healthy child who had just started to walk and feed himself when he began having seizures 18 months ago.Doctors initially thought he had developed epilepsy, but further tests showed he was suffering from Batten disease – an extremely rare form of childhood dementia.His condition rapidly deteriorated. George has now forgotten dozens of words and lost the ability to walk. Related articles Terminally ill boy beats the odds and delivers best man speech Batten disease: Parents beg NHS for wonder drug to save their daughter There is currently no treatment for George’s strain of the condition. He will eventually have to be fed through a tube in his tummy and is unlikely to live past his late teens.Fighting back tears, Claire, 35, said: “He was just at the age where he had mastered all of those skills that we spent time teaching him – his walking and his eating and his language. To watch those all unravel for him was really difficult.“It’s horrible to see him being robbed of his childhood.”While dementia typically affects people aged over 65, Batten disease is an incurable inherited disorder of the nervous system that typically begins in childhood.It leaves children suffering cognitive impairment, seizures, and progressive loss of sight and motor skills. Early symptoms of the terminal illness appear between the ages of five and 10 years and parents have to endure the agony of helplessly watching their child’s rapid decline.Claire, a solicitor who is separated from George’s father, does not know how much time she has left with her son.Yesterday she told the Daily Express how she is determined to cherish every moment with him. She has devised a “bucket and spade list” to give him as many experiences as possible before his condition deteriorates further.Claire, of Kenilworth, Warwickshire, said: “I wasn’t aware of childhood dementia. You especially don’t expect it to happen to one of your own.“Apart from the symptoms you can already see, I can’t believe what’s going to happen to my little boy.”Claire is backing the Dementia Strikes Children Too campaign. Visit childhooddementia.co.uk to find out more.______________________________________CLAIRE YOUNG...A MOTHER’S STORYI WOULD never not have George in my life in whatever capacity, whether he was well or he had the condition. In that sense I don’t care about the condition.But it is ravaging my son and it completely destroys families. Since the seizures started 18 months ago his deterioration has felt incredibly quick.The hardest thing for me is the unpredictability. Because it’s a rare condition the professionals don’t have the information available to be able to predict a pattern or a prognosis.When you are faced with that fate, all you can do is make the best of it and make the most of the time that we have with him, becau
Просмотров: 246 Health Pro TV
Arthritis: Take this vitamin to prevent joint pain
 
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Around 10 million people in the UK suffer from arthritis.Two million of those have rheumatoid arthritis, an autoimmune disease where pain, swelling and stiffness in the joints is caused by inflammation.Flare ups can be common and usually affect the hands, wrists and feet.Vitamin C has been found to help arthritis sufferers with their joint pain.In particular, the vitamin seems to work well for those with rheumatoid arthritis. Related articles Early warning signs for rheumatoid arthritis Arthritis: Obesity worsens disability in rheumatoid arthritis patients A US study published in the Journal of Translational Medicine showed that vitamin C, also known as ascorbic acid, prevented pain in sufferers of rheumatoid arthritis.Patients with painful symptoms were given the vitamin intravenously twice a week for four weeks. Afterwards, the pain had disappeared.“We have shown a complete decrease in pain in a patient with rheumatoid arthritis following administration of twice-weekly infusions of high-dose vitamin C,” the report said.“This data suggests that vitamin C may be more effective for the pain associated with rheumatoid arthritis than osteoarthritis.”Other studies have shown that people with low levels of vitamin C are three times more likely to develop rheumatoid arthritis than people whose diets include an adequate supply of the vitamin. 10 foods to reduce rheumatoid arthritis symptoms Wed, November 8, 2017 Rheumatoid arthritis: Foods to reduce arthritis symptoms and pain. Play slideshow Getty 1 of 11 The best foods for reducing the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis The recommended intake in the UK is 40mg of a day, all of which people should be able to get from their diet..Blackcurrants, red and green peppers, kiwi fruits, strawberries and papaya are also good choices.However, excessive vitamin C can prove problematic, so getting the right amount can be vital.Some research has found that too much of the vitamin can speed up joint damage in sufferers of osteoarthritis.Very high doses of vitamin C – well above recommended daily limits – can worsen osteoarthritis of the knee.It can aggravate the problem by accelerating cartilage damage, according to several studies.The heat-producing component in chilli peppers has been found to reduce the pain associated with osteoarthritis.Capsaicin, extracted from the chillis, can be used topically as a cream, gel or plaster.It works by interfering with the substance in our bodies that is involved with transmitting pain signals from nerve endings to the brain.
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Vitamin B12 supplements could postpone Parkinson’s disease and cognitive decline
 
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Patients recently diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease that have low levels of vitamin B12 develop symptoms faster than those with higher levels, which suggests supplementation could postpone the progression of symptoms.This is according to a new study published in the journal Movement Disorders.Parkinson’s disease is a condition where parts of the brain become progressively damaged over many years, and the three main symptoms are a tremor, slowness of movement and muscle stiffness.The research demonstrates that low vitamin B12 levels are associated with greater walking and balance problems, possibly due to the known effect of a B12 deficiency on the central peripheral nervous systems. In the study, researchers divided patients, who were recently diagnosed but had not yet begun treatment, into three groups according to their levels of vitamin B12 and assessed them over a two-year period.Upon completion of preliminary evaluations, patients were given the opportunity to take a controlled daily vitamin supplement. Research results showed improved vitamin B12 levels in approximately 50 per cent of participants, indicating supplementation was taken.Disease progression in patients with improved vitamin B12 levels was found to be much slower with them exhibiting a decreased score on the Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) (a measure of Parkinson’s disability) compared with those maintaining low levels of the vitamin., however it is notoriously difficult to absorb through the gut, meaning that supplementing has become a necessity - B12 is so difficult to absorb that only one per cent of intake from food is retained, according to founder and managing director of natural health company BetterYou. A-Z of vitamins and minerals Mon, September 12, 2016 Vitamins and minerals are essential nutrients that your body needs in order to work properly. Take a look at our guide to see what each vitamin and mineral does. Play slideshow A-Z of vitamins and minerals He said: “B12 is a vital nutrient, by delivering it orally in spray form it benefits from the super absorbent soft tissue of the mucosal membrane within the mouth and the proximity of a rich vascular system.“Our daily required intake for health maintenance is relatively small, however few foods provide a rich source (red meats and offal are major sources) and more restricted diets omit these. In addition, B12 is a very difficult vitamin to absorb and our digestive efficiency is reducing rapidly.“Supplementation is becoming more of a necessity for us and using a spray in the mouth bypasses the digestive system, ensuring optimal absorption.”Vitamin B12 Sprays are available from health stores such as Holland & Barratt - for example BetterYou B12 Boost Oral Spray.Vitamin B12 is important for many body processes, but if it’s in short supply the body won’t make as many red blood cells, they will be abnormally large and won’t last for as long as they should.If you don’t have enough red blood ce
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Dementia: THESE personality changes could be early signs of frontotemporal dementia
 
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About 850,000 people in the UK have dementia.Frontotemporal dementia is a relatively rare form of the disease that affects the parts of the frontal lobe that regulate speech, language, knowledge and social behaviour.Dementia usually affects people over 65, but frontotemporal dementia tends to start at a younger age, with most cases diagnosed in people aged 45 to 65.Patients in the UK have an average lifespan of eight years after they have been diagnosed.Those in the advanced stage of the disease have usually lost all or most of their language skills and may find it hard to eat, move or look after themselves. But in the early stages, frontotemporal dementia can be difficult to identify. Related articles Frontotemporal dementia: Are you at risk of symptoms? Dementia: Four signs of rare frontotemporal dementia Because the initial symptoms mirror many other conditions, patients are often misdiagnosed with depression, schizophrenia or Alzheimer’s, or they may consider the early signals to be normal changes associated with ageing. One of the earliest symptoms is a change in emotions, as a person might alter how they express their feelings towards others.Alzheimer’s Research UK notes they might suddenly develop unusual obsessions, such as becoming interested in certain beliefs or unexpected hobbies.Other obsessive behaviour, such as collecting items they’ve shown little interest in previously, is fairly common.Repetitive behaviour, including compulsively shaving or brushing hair, could be another indicator. Early signs of Dementia Tue, December 20, 2016 Dementia affects the ability to remember, think and reason. Here are the early signs to look out for in yourself and loved ones. Play slideshow Getty Images 1 of 12 Early signs of dementia A lack of social tact could be an early sign of the disease. They may display inappropriate behaviour such as telling rude jokes. You may notice unusual verbal, physical or sexual behaviour in a loved one.The person make also display a lack of interest in things they used to enjoy, or may become more withdrawn or easily distracted.This symptom could manifest itself in failing to maintain their normal level of personal hygiene.Weight gain could be another signal of frontotemporal dementia, as a patient suddenly changes the foods they like to eat. Favouring more sweets, and binge eating in general, is fairly common, the foundation says.Crucially, if these changes are pointed out to the sufferer, they wouldn't be aware or concerned. Alzheimer’s Research UK says they would have a “lack of awareness of any changes to their personality or behaviour.”As the disease progresses, language problems usually arise before memory is affected.Sufferers may struggle to find the word they are looking for, have issues when understanding a word or may have difficulty speaking. Over time, less and less language is used.They are also likely to experience movement problems. “This can include stiff or twitching muscles, mus
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Ken Dodd funeral: How did he die? Legendary comedian passed away after this infection
 
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Ken Dodd, “the last great music hall entertainer” was known for his live stand-up performances, but sadly, on March 11 he passed away.His funeral is taking place at Liverpool’s Anglican Cathedral at 1pm today and a private interment will follow.Two days before his death he married his partner of 40 years, Anne Jones, and just last year he was knighted for his charity work and career accomplishments.But after spending less than two weeks in hospital being treated for a chest infection he died.Ken died at his home after leaving the hospital. He had spent six weeks battling a severe chest infection. So what is a chest infection, is it deadly, and what are the symptoms?A chest infection of the lungs or large airways, but while some chest infections are mild and clear up on their own, others can be severe and life threatening.The main symptoms of a chest infection, according to the NHS, are a chesty cough - you may cough yo green or yellow mucus - wheezing and shortness of breath, chest pain or discomfort, and a high temperature (feet) of 38C or above.Other symptoms include a headache, aching muscles and tiredness.The health body adds: “These symptoms can be unpleasant, but they usually get better on their own in about seven to 10 days. The cough and mucus can last up to three weeks.” Ken Dodd in pictures: best jokes and one liners Mon, March 12, 2018 SIR KEN DODD, comedian and creator of Diddy Men, has died at the age of 90. Here are his best jokes and one liners. Play slideshow Ken Dodd in pictures: best jokes and one liners If you have a chest infection it recommends you get plenty of rest, drink lots of water to lose the mucus and make it easier to cough, and use painkillers to bring down a fever and ease headaches and muscle pain.Things you should avoid include taking cough medicines, as there is little evidence to show they help, and smoke, as it can make your symptoms worse.You should see a GP if you have a chest infection and you feel very unwell or your symptoms get worse, you cough up bloodstained mucus, you have had a cough for more than three weeks and you are pregnant.Also see your GP if you are over 65, your immune system is weak and you have a long-term health condition, such as a heart, lung or kidney condition.If your symptoms are severe you may have pneumonia.How to avoid getting a chest infectionIf you want to avoid getting a chest infection you can ask your GP about the annual flu vaccination, ask if you should have the pneumococcal vaccine, stop smoking and cut down on how much alcohol you drink.If you have a chest infection and you want to avoid passing it to others, you should cover your mouth when you cough or sneeze, wash your hands regularly, and throw away used tissues immediately.How to treat a chest infectionTreatment depends on what caused your chest infection. If it was a virus this will usually clear up by itself after a few weeks.If it is a bacteria infection, your GP may prescribe you antibiotics.Your pharm
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Blood pressure: What is a normal blood pressure reading? High BP symptoms revealed
 
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High blood pressure, or hypertension, affects more than 25 per cent of all UK adults, according to the NHS. The condition puts extra strain on blood vessels and vital organs.Symptoms of high blood pressure can develop if the condition is extreme. They can include chest pain, severe headaches, difficulty breathing, and a pounding in your chest.The only way to know is to get your blood pressure checked. Every adult over 40 years old should get their blood pressure checked at least every five years.This is what your reading actually means, whether you're at risk of high blood pressure, low blood pressure, or have an ideal blood pressure. Blood pressure readings have two numbers. The top number is the systolic blood pressure, and the bottom number is the diastolic blood pressure.Systolic blood pressure is the highest pressure when your heart beats, and pushes blood around the body.Diastolic blood pressure is the lowest pressure, when the heart relaxes between beats.“Only one of the numbers has to be higher or lower than it should be to count as either high blood pressure or low blood pressure,” said charity Blood Pressure UK. High blood pressure risk factors Thu, June 8, 2017 High blood pressure: Here are the risk factors you should be aware of. Play slideshow High blood pressure risk factors Blood Pressure UKIf your blood pressure is 90 over 60 (90/60) or less, you may have low blood pressure.An ideal reading is more than 90 over 60, but less than 120 over 80.More than 120 over 80, but less than 140 over 90 is a warning sign that you should lower your blood pressure.Anything over 140 over 90, and you may have high blood pressure.GETTY ImagesYou should see a GP if you have low blood pressure, or high blood pressure, the NHS said.Get your blood pressure checked if you keep feeling lightheaded, dizzy, nauseous, or confused.It could be a sign of low blood pressure, or hypotension.Diet and lifestyle changes could help to maintain an ideal blood pressure, the NHS said.
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Dementia breakthrough? Simple blood test could identify those most at risk
 
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The new research looked at small molecules called metabolites in blood samples drawn from 22,623 people, including 995 who went on to develop dementia.The study involved people of European ancestry, across five countries - the UK, the US, Finland, the Netherlands and Estonia.Researchers found higher blood concentrations of molecules called branched-chain amino acids were associated with lower risk of future dementia.Another molecule, creatinine, and two very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL)-specific lipoprotein lipid subclasses were also associated with a lower risk.But one high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and one VLDL lipoprotein subclass were associated with increased dementia risk.Scientists say the findings will broaden the search for drug targets in dementia caused by Alzheimer's disease, vascular disease and other subtypes.Sudha Seshadri, professor of neurology at the University of Texas Health San Antonio, said: "It is now recognised that we need to look beyond the traditionally studied amyloid and tau pathways and understand the entire spectrum of pathology involved in persons who present with symptoms of Alzheimer's disease and other dementias."It is exciting to find new biomarkers that can help us identify persons who are at the highest risk of dementia."In the future, the scientists say they may investigate the feasibility of developing a diagnostic exam, such as a blood test, to assess each patient's molecular signature of dementia risk.The signature could include blood concentration of branched-chain amino acids. The altered metabolite signatures were observed years before the diagnosis of dementia when those study participants were healthy, Dr Seshadri said.If a test were to become available, therapy could be initiated earlier.Metabolites are influenced by genetic and environmental factors, and their levels can be modified through dietary and pharmacological interventions.Prof Seshadri said: "I hope that people reading about this study will understand that they can take ownership of their health."The lifestyle decisions they make, such as adopting a Mediterranean or other healthful diet, can affect these metabolites in ways we do not fully understand."The team, from The Glenn Biggs Institute for Alzheimer's & Neurodegenerative Diseases at the university, says it hopes to expand the studies to include the diverse racial and ethnic groups of South Texas.Branched-chain amino acids are nutrients that the body obtains from proteins in foods such as meat and legumes.These amino acids include leucine, isoleucine and valine.Prof Seshadri said: "Valine has previously been shown to be involved in determining the risk of diabetes, which is a particularly big problem in our region, especially among the region's large Hispanic population."Now it is shown to be associated with the risk of Alzheimer's dementia. We want to investigate for any connections."Further studies can clarify whether the branched-chain amino acids and other molecules play a ca
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Prostate cancer symptoms: If this happens when you urinate you could have the disease
 
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Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men in the UK and because it develops slowly there may be no signs you have it in the early stages.Symptoms often become apparent when your prostate is large enough to affect the tube that carries urine form the bladder to the penis - the urethra.According to Bupa, there are eight symptoms you could experience as the disease progresses - all of which are linked to the way you urinate.The first is pain when urinate. You may also be unable to urinate, need to urinate urgently, need to urinate more often than usual, get up to urinate during the night, or have blood in your urine.Having a weak flow of urine when you go to the toilet, or having trouble starting or stopping when you urinate, can also be indicators. Related articles Prostate cancer warning: Should you get the PSA test? Prostate cancer warning: Add this fruit to your diet to lower risk If the cancer has spread outside your prostate, other symptoms can develop.You may experience difficulty getting an erection, feel tired and generally unwell, feel pain in your bones or your back, or lose weight.Many men could confuse an enlarged prostate with one of the symptoms of prostate cancer.But how can you tell the difference and are you more likely to get prostate cancer with an enlarged prostate?Firstly, the prostate is a small gland, located in the pelvis, between the penis and bladder. Prostate cancer risk factors Thu, March 16, 2017 Prostate cancer is the most common cancer affecting men, and it kills more than 11,250 men each year. Here are the risk factor you should be aware of. Play slideshow Getty 1 of 9 Prostate cancer - Here are the risk factors you should be aware of It’s supposed to be about the shape and size of a walnut, and as well as letting urine flow out of the body, it secretes fluid that nourishes and protects sperm.So what are the symptoms of an enlarged prostate?The medical term for an enlarged prostate is benign prostatic enlargement. If the prostate becomes enlarged, it can place pressure on the bladder and urethra, affecting how you pee.According to the NHS, this can cause difficulty starting to pee, a frequent need to pee, and difficulty fully emptying your bladder.Are you more likely to get prostate cancer with an enlarged prostate?Having an enlarged prostate doesn’t increase your risk of getting prostate cancer, according to Prostate Cancer UK.The charity states: “The two problems usually begin in different parts of the prostate. But men can have an enlarged prostate and prostate cancer at the same time.”But if you are worried about prostate cancer you should talk to your GP.How is prostate cancer treated?Treatment for an enlarged prostate will depend not he severity of your symptoms - if your symptoms are mild you may be advised to make lifestyle changes such as drinking less alcohol and exercising regularly.For many men with prostate cancer, no treatment will be necessary, just active surveillance will b
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HPV symptoms: Five factors that put you more at risk of getting the infection
 
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HPV (human papillomavirus) symptoms may not always appear, but when they do warts usually appear on the fingers, hands, mouth and genitals.It is a common infection and, for most people, the virus will clear up on its own, without you even knowing you had it.But in some people, the infection can stay around for a long time and become persistent.There are hundreds of different types of HPV, and most are harmless, but around 12 types can cause cancer.HPV is often spread during sexual activity, but according to the Mayo Clinic, there are other risk factors for the infection. The first is linked to your number of sexual partners. The more you have the more likely you are to contract a genital HPV infection.The site adds: “Having sex with a partner who has had multiple sex partners also increases your risk.”Age can also play a role. Common warts - warts that appears as rough raised bumps and usually occur on the hands, fingers and elbows - occur mostly in children, and genital warts occur mostly in adolescents and young adults.People who have a weakened immune system are also at greater risk of HPV infections. The site explains: “Immune systems can be weakened by HIV/AIDS or by immune system-suppressing drugs used after organ transplants.”Having damaged skin can make you more prone to developing common warts. Symptoms of cervical cancer Wed, January 17, 2018 Cervical cancer often has no symptoms in its early stages so it is important to go for regular screening. Here are the warning signs that you should be aware of. Play slideshow Signs and symptoms of cervical cancer Touching someone’s warts or not wearing protection before contacting surfaces that have been exposed to HPV - such as public showers or swimming pools - may also increase your risk of HPV infection.HPV vaccinationAll girls can get the HPV vaccine free from the NHS from the age of 12 up to their 18th birthday.The NHS explains: “It helps protect them against cervical cancer, which is the most common cancer in women under 35 in the UK.”In England, girls aged 12 to 13 years are offered the first HPV vaccination.A second dose is then offered six to 12 months after the first.The health body adds: “The HPV vaccine is effective at stopping girls getting the types of HPV that cause most cervical cancers. It’s important to have both doses to be protected.”Because men and boys do not have a cervix, the HPV vaccination is not available to them. But vaccinating girls helps to indirectly protect boys from cancer causing HPV.But men who have sex with men do not benefit in the same way from this. They may be left unprotected from HPV.What are the symptoms of cervical cancer?
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Thyroid: Feeling like this could mean you have problems with the gland
 
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An underactive thyroid symptoms include feeling drowsy, having a low mood and sensitivity to the coldThese problems happen when the thyroid gland in your throat stops working normallyTreatment invovles medication that you may have to take for the rest of your lifeIt is also possible to have an overactive thyroid glandThe Thyroid gland is located in your neck, produce hormones that regulate how fast your body turns food into energy.When this gland becomes less active, many of the body’s functions slow down, as it is no longer releasing enough of the hormone.This causes the condition known as hypothyroidism, or having an underactive thyroid.If not treated fast it can lead to complications including heart problems and goitre, or a lump in the throat.These are the symptoms of the condition you should watch out for. Related articles Overactive thyroid: NINE signs you have hyperthyroidism Thyroid cancer warning: Why you should never ignore a sore throat “Common symptoms [could be] a slowing down of mental and physical processes of the whole body,” said the British Thyroid Foundation.This includes a constant feeling of fatigue and tiredness, sensitivity to the cold and constipation.The Foundation also suggested that another symptom may be dry skin or hair.As your body slows, it changes the way these areas appear.Low mood and mental slowness, as well as heavy periods and fertility problems in women are also signs that you have the condition. 10 things you didn't know about the menopause Sat, April 30, 2016 Here are ten things about menopause you most likely never knew of Play slideshow 1 of 7 10 things you didn't know about menopause The NHS adds that you may also experience weight gain, muscle aches and a loss of your sex drive if you suffer from the condition.“Elderly people with an underachieve thyroid may develop memory problems and depression,” said the national healthcare provider.“Children may experience slower growth and development. Teenagers may start puberty earlier than normal.”It is important to act quickly if you think you have the condition, as failing to get medication can have long term medical effects.These include a low-pitched hoarse voice, puffy-looking face, thinned eyebrows, slow heart rate, hearing loss and anaemia.Diagnosis may involve a physical examination and blood tests. The latter is to check the levels of the hormone produced by the thyroid gland in your blood.Treatment of the condition involves the administration of levothyroxine tablets, which you will have to take daily for the rest of your life.The British Thyroid Foundation then says that blood tests will be carried out every eight weeks after you start therapy until the correct dose of levothyroxine is established.Dr Renee Hoenderkamp, GP and medical writer, touched on the subject in her online video blog. "It's definitely a woman's problem - I'm one of them. One in fifty women have a thyroid problem, so it's big. One in 1000 men - not so big. It inc
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Arthritis symptoms - add this 12p vegetable to your dinner to PREVENT joint pain
 
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Arthritis is a common condition that affects people of all ages, according to the NHS.Arthritis symptoms include joint stiffness, restricted movement, inflammation, and muscle wasting.Having warm, red skin over the affect joints could also be a sign of the condition.You could prevent arthritis pain by adding more onions to your diet, a nutritionist has claimed. “A smart arthritis diet should be full of anti-inflammatory foods,” said nutritionist Dr Josh Axe.“Because onions as a great anti-inflammatory food, they’re one of the best vegetable choices if you suffer from painful inflammatory diseases like arthritis.“Sulphur contains a form of methylsulfonylmethane [MSM] that reduces joint inflammation and helps rebuild your tissues.“The top foods high in sulphur are onions, garlic, asparagus and cabbage.” 10 super foods for combatting arthritis Wed, November 1, 2017 Arthritis: Fight inflammation and boost your immune system with these 10 arthritis-fighting foods. Play slideshow Pumpkins Onions could also help to protect against cancer, the nutritionist claimed.They could lower your risk of developing colon, ovarian and mouth cancers, as they’re rich in antioxidants.There’s currently no cure for arthritis, but some treatments could help to relieve symptoms, the NHS said.Prescribed medications include painkillers, corticosteroids, and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.Eating a healthy, balanced diet could help to relieve arthritis symptoms.Your diet should consist of fruit and vegetables, starchy foods, meat, fish, dairy and fats.If you’re overweight, losing a few pounds could help you to cope with arthritis, the NHS said.Regular exercise could help to improve your range of movement and reduce stiffness.
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Dementia - five natural things you can do right now to prevent Alzheimer’s disease
 
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Lower your risk of dementia by regularly exercisingHalf an hour of exercise three to four times a week could slash your risk of Alzheimer's diseaseSwap to a Mediterranean diet to limit your chances of dementiaKeeping your brain active may also slash your risk of dementiaDementia is the name given to a group of symptoms that are linked to ongoing brain function decline, according to the NHS.Alzheimer’s disease is a type of dementia, and its symptoms can include being repetitive, forgetting the name son places and objects, and finding it harder to make decisions.As the condition progresses, signs of the dementia include difficulty eating, loss of speech, and considerable weight loss.But, you could lower your risk of dementia by making small lifestyle changes right now. “If you're becoming increasingly forgetful, particularly if you're over the age of 65, it may be a good idea to talk to your GP about the early signs of dementia,” said the NHS.“Although there is no cure for dementia at present, if it's diagnosed in the early stages, there are ways you can slow it down and maintain mental function.“However, there's good evidence that a healthy lifestyle can help reduce your risk of developing dementia when you're older.”Leading a healthy lifestyle could also slash your risk of developing strokes and heart attacks, which are risk factors for Alzheimer’s disease. Early signs of Dementia Tue, December 20, 2016 Dementia affects the ability to remember, think and reason. Here are the early signs to look out for in yourself and loved ones. Play slideshow Early signs of dementia Regular exercise is the best way to prevent dementia, according to Harvard Medical School.Half an hour of exercise three to four days a week could lower your risk of the condition.Following a Mediterranean diet could also slow down Alzheimer’s disease’s progression, it said.The diet includes fresh fruit and vegetables, whole grains, olive oil, nuts and fish.Getting enough sleep and always striving to learn new things are also recommended.Cognitively-stimulating activities may be helping in preventing Alzheimer’s disease.You could also lower your risk of dementia in later life by putting back on the amount of alcohol you consume.Drinking wine - but just a little - may help to ward off the condition.
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Heart health: Scientists are closer to curing deadly pulmonary arterial hypertension
 
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The 27-year-old music teacher from Chelmsford, Essex, was diagnosed with an incurable heart condition called pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in her teens.The debilitating disease which affects blood vessels in the lungs, leads to heart failure, meaning that Tess will eventually need a heart transplant.“I was well enough to walk down the aisle and was symptom-free all day,” she says.“It was a very emotional day not only because of my health but because my dad Chris, who passed away in 2014, wasn’t there to share the day.“But we released a dove in his memory and I loved having my mum Val walk me up the aisle.” and for many sufferers the cause is a mystery. Related articles Heart disease treatment: Beta blockers could cure DEADLY lung condion High blood pressure affecting lungs could be treated with THIS Women are more than twice as likely to be affected as men and it often occurs in young people.It is a chronic disease that leaves sufferers feeling breathless, exhausted and in severe pain.After diagnosis only 50 per cent of those affected will survive for another five years. The only cure is a heart and lung transplant, which has associated risks and complications.Although PAH can be inherited, in Tess’s case it was caused by a hole in her heart which was discovered when she was 17 and studying for her A-levels at college.“I was angry when I found out my condition was incurable,” she recalls.“I thought, ‘Why me?’ and I was sad. I was a trumpet player and that was my life, although I also played piano and cello.“But I loved the trumpet. I was told I would never be able to play it again as it was putting too much pressure on my heart. That was the worst news for me.” Current treatments for PAH including macitentan and sildenafil can only target symptoms and can have unpleasant side effects such as nausea, limb pain, vomiting and diarrhoea.Tess, who takes both medications, says: “I get headaches, migraines and nausea but it’s got me through the last 10 years so I know that holding out through the side effects will be better for me in the long run.”Despite her condition, which often involves long stays in hospital, Tess managed to get a place at Southampton University to study music and obtain her degree.She travelled around Europe with an orchestra until she was 21 and worked in the Middle East before returning to the UK to become a music teacher.“I have always been a positive person,” she says. “But I never know what the next day will bring. I have to wake up and see how I feel.“If I go out and start to feel sick I have to go home. I also find that if I go out and let my hair down I have to take the next day off as I will spend the day in bed. I went on holiday with friends last year and spent the next week in hospital.“I will have a wonderful time but I will pay for it. But that is my decision. If I didn’t I would feel left out. I live life to the full as I don’t know what is around the corner.”But now thanks to new research, Tess has
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Arthritis pain: Eating this hard food may reduce symptoms
 
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Millions of people battle with the disease every day, according to Arthritis Research UK. It says that the condition is caused by a variety of factors including previous injury, infection, smoking and having a physically demanding occupation.The Arthritis Foundation says that one of the “most common” questions it gets is, “‘Is there an arthritis diet?’ or more to the point, ‘What can I eat to help my joints?’”There are many different foods that you can consume to help with this, including papaya, fish and olive oil.However, one of the best may be nuts.“Multiple studies confirm the role of nuts in an anti-inflammatory diet,” said Jose M. Ordovas, PhD, Director of nutrition and genomics at the Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Centre on Aging, based in Boston.Eating nuts can help reduce the pain in joints associated with arthritis.A recent study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition found that eating more buts reduced the risk of mortality.Similarly, the Foundation highlights a 2011 study from the same journal which found that over a 15-year period, people who ate more nuts had a 51 per cent lower risk of dying from an inflammatory disease like arthritis, when compared to those who ate fewer nuts.Nuts are excellent for arthritis sufferers as they are packed with inflammation-fighting monounsaturated fat, which will help to reduce pain for people with arthritis.As they are also full of protein and fibre they may help you lose weight. 10 super foods for combatting arthritis Wed, November 1, 2017 Arthritis: Fight inflammation and boost your immune system with these 10 arthritis-fighting foods. Play slideshow Pumpkins The Foundation suggests that they will help you feel full quicker, which may stop overeating meaning you will lose weight.A few types of nut are particularly effective at combating arthritis: Walnuts, pine nuts, pistachios and almonds.Walnuts are a great choice as they are rich in omega-3 fatty acids, a type of fat that helps reduce inflammation, according to livestrong.com. They recommend eating a quarter cup of walnuts a day to get 94.6 per cent of the bodies recommended daily intake of the fatty acid.The Foundation adds that walnuts “head the nut pack” for their omega-3 content, and also suggests they could lower cholesterol and relax blood vessels, reducing the risk of a heart attack.The Central Asian Pistachio nut is also good for arthritis sufferers as it contains copious amounts of potassium and antioxidants, including vitamins A and E and lutein. “Dealing with the shell slows down consumption, which is good for people with arthritis trying to lose a few pounds to take pressure off joints,” says Marisa Moore, an Atlanta-based dietitian-nutritionist.You should eat around one and a half handfuls of nuts a day, according to the Foundation, to take advantage of their beneficial health effects.Nuts are available from most supermarkets based in the UK including Aldi, Tesco and Morrisons.These ‘shelled
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Expert reveals WHY this year will be bad for hay fever sufferers as UK hit by POLLEN BOMB
 
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Britain has been struck with a “sudden burst” of pollen as a cold spring caused delayed germination.The cold weather maintained a low pollen count during March, but as Brits were hit with soaring temperatures over the weekend the pollen count soared. Professor Stephen Durham, a Professor of Allergy and Respiratory Medicine at Imperial College London, told LBC: “There’s no question that the true pollen season is starting later this year with a cold spring delayed germination. The fact we’ve just had this warm weather to bring on high pollen counts.”Professor Durham added: “We suddenly get this spate of warm weather and you get the late germination and pollen release. So, it is all coming at once.“If you are a hay fever sufferer, you have to remember to take your antihistamine or if you get really bothersome symptoms, to take your nasal spray and take it on a regular basis.”The Professor said the pollen season could last until July. He said: “I think it is going to be for several weeks. The tree pollen season tends to be shorter.“Perhaps in early May and then, of course, it is grass pollen season. It tends to be typically March, April, May for tree pollen allergy sufferers and then the summer kicks in for May, June, July for grass pollen. The two overlap.“But we’ve just got with these unusual weather conditions, we’ve just got a heavy tree pollen release and I think this is causing a lot of trouble for many patients.” 11 Tips to get you through hay fever season Fri, February 24, 2017 Hay fever season is upon us once again, here are our top tips to reduce those annoying pollen allergy symptoms. Play slideshow Images 1 of 11 Avoid parks or fields, particularly in the early evening when there’s a lot of pollen floating at nose level Hay fever symptoms include sneezing, coughing and itchy eyes – with tablets and nasal sprays recommended as treatment by the NHS.Hay fever is essentially an inflammatory condition, reducing intake of pro-inflammatory foods such as sugar, refined carbs, vegetable and sunflower oils and trans-fats found in processed foods, while following an anti-inflammatory diet, high in antioxidants and phytonutrients from colourful fruit and vegetables is recommended.Certain plants, such as nettles, chamomile and peppermint have been shown to help reduce hay fever symptoms, with histamine being often readily available and easily made into teas.Particular foods have also been shown to be particularly beneficial for hay fever sufferers, such as apples, fermented foods, omega 3 essential fatty acids, and bone broth.
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Fibromyalgia symptoms: Eating foods from this diet can help relieve pain and discomfort
 
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Fibromyalgia symptoms tend to be experienced by the sufferer between the ages of 20 and 60, though the condition is more common with increasing age.It causes widespread pain in the body, but discomfort can vary depending on the person.The pain may be worse at some times than others, and can feel like a deep ache in your muscles, like a burning or throbbing, or intense, persistent pain.Fibromyalgia can also make you more sensitive, meaning that even the slightest touch can feel painful.The NHS recommends painkillers or seeing a rheumatologist as two forms of treatment. But some studies have looked at how eating certain diets affects fibromyalgia. Related articles Fibromyalgia tender points: Pain here could indicate condition Fibromyalgia symptoms: Watch for THIS feeling when you first wake up A study from 2000, published in BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, found that eating a vegetarian or vegan diet, which is high in plant antioxidants, might offer some symptom relief.Because fibromyalgia can make you feel tired and worn out, the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases says exercising regularly is one of the most effective ways to treat the condition.So what exercise is best? Research shows that 12 weeks of moderate aerobic training, combined with strength training can improve your pain and overall well-being, says the Cochrane Library.Because the condition can make you feel tired and worn out, eating certain foods can help give you more energy.Nutritionists at Healthline state eating certain foods, such as beans, can also give you more energy. 10 ways to ease the pain of fibromyalgia Mon, April 30, 2018 Fibromyalgia: 10 ways to ease pain and improve quality of life. Play slideshow Getty 1 of 11 10 ways to ease the pain of fibromyalgia The site adds: “Avoid sweets, which will only give you a quick sugar boost. Your body will burn right through them, and then you’ll crash. Instead, eat foods that will five you more energy to get through your day.“Combine protein or fats with carbohydrates to slow down their absorption. Choose fresh, whole foods high in fibre and low in added sugars.”Alongside beans, foods it lists include almonds and other nuts and seeds, broccoli, tofu, oatmeal, dark leafy greens, and avocado.Fibromyalgia can also cause other symptoms, particularly three linked to sleep.According to Bupa, fibromyalgia can cause a person to feel stiff, especially when they wake up, feel tired, and cause them to sleep badly.If you have had these symptoms for at least three months, the health organisation advises you go see your GP to get some help.There are also a variety of other symptoms and health conditions that can be associated with fibromyalgia. These include, irritable bowel syndrome, headaches, and rheumatoid arthritis.Is there a test for fibromyalgia?There’s no specific test to diagnose the condition, but when you visit your GP your body will be examined to check for visible sign
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Brain tumours are the 'biggest cancer killer of children and adults aged under 40'
 
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The youngster is being supported by national charity Brain Tumour Research, which funds a network of Centres of Excellence, including its flagship at the University of Portsmouth, where scientists are working on improving treatment options and on finding a cure for the disease.The charity's research manager Katie Sheen said: ", and it makes up 15% of all brain tumours in young children."The cells infiltrate the surrounding nerves and are very difficult to remove surgically therefore the treatment that is available is limited."The standard treatment is radiotherapy which can improve symptoms in the short-term." She explained that brain tumours were indiscriminate and could affect all ages.She added: "Brain tumours kill more children and adults under the age of 40 than any other cancer, yet just 1 per cent of the national spend on cancer research has been allocated to this devastating disease."Harry's mother Fiona Lear said: "I am shocked to learn that brain tumours are the biggest cancer killer of children and adults under the age of 40, yet so many people still think it is leukaemia which is killing more of our precious children than any other form of this hideous disease."Harry and his businessman father Cairan St Ledger, 31, who runs HSL Outdoor Cleaning, are avid Portsmouth fans and season ticket holders. The family say they have had "wonderful" support from the club with a home visit from Harry's favourite players Conor Chaplin and Kal Naismith.They are documenting his story on their Facebook page Helping Harry's Journey.The charity is urging people to support National Brain Tumour Awareness Month this March – which culminates in Wear A Hat Day on Thursday 29 – when individuals, families and businesses across the UK will help raise funds to fight the disease.Donations can be made at www.wearahatday.org. Tessa Jowell given roaring applause by House of Lords after cancer speech Thu, January 25, 2018 Tessa Jowell, who is suffering from a rare and aggressive form of brain cancer, called for greater collaboration between hospitals Play slideshow Labour peer Tessa Jowel is suffering from a rare and aggressive form of brain cancer
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Fibromyalgia: Woman reversed ‘widespread pain’ symptoms with this 50p a day supplement
 
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Fibromyalgia is a long-term condition that causes extreme pain across the entire body, according to the NHS.The condition is caused by changes to the way the body processes pain signals.Fibromyalgia may be caused a particularly stressful event. That could include the death of a loved one, or a painful injury.Women are up to seven times more likely to develop fibromyalgia symptoms.Karen Crosby, 56, reversed her painful symptoms with Bio-Quinone Q10 supplements. Crosby was diagnosed with fibromyalgia in 2002, and spent years suffering from pain in her wrists, knees, ankles and back.“I had widespread pain, I had problems sleeping, I was tired a lot and when I did things like aerobics I was in a lot more pain than I should have been,” she said.“I also suffered from what I call ‘fibro fog’, which is where your mind just stops a little while, and you forget things before it kicks into gear again.”Crosby tried a number of different treatments, but none of them provided lasting relief from her symptoms.“Since being diagnosed, I have been on a number of different drugs to deal with the effects of fibromyalgia, but none of them were right for me.” 6 Simple exercises to prevent painful back pain Tue, October 4, 2016 Try these 6 physiotherapist-approved exercises to prevent a painful back pain. Play slideshow Try these 6 Simple exercises to prevent painful back pain Crosby read about coenzyme Q10 supplements, and how patients had relieve symptoms by taking the tablets.Coenzyme Q10 is a vitamin-like substance that helps with the body’s energy supply mechanism.“The particular supplement which the article talked about – Bio-Quinone Q10 GOLD from Pharma Nord – is the one which has been used in the most clinical studies and is identical to that produced naturally by the body so I thought ‘that’s the thing for me – I’ll give it a go’,” she said.After two weeks, Crosby started getting better night’s sleep, and felt more energetic, she said.By week three, she started doing household chores she hadn’t previously been able to manage, including cleaning her oven and cupboards.Pharma Nord“By the fourth week I was feeling great,” she said.“I had more energy with every day that passed, no headaches at all, my pain levels had decreased by 80 to 90 per cent, and I was sleeping like a baby for the first time in a long time.”Treatments for fibromyalgia aims to relieve some of the symptoms, as there’s currently no cure, the NHS said.Painkillers, antidepressants and muscle relaxants may all be prescribed by your GP.Patients could also manage their symptoms by sticking to a personalised exercise plan.
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Giant cell arteritis breakthrough: ‘Astonishing’ new drug on NHS prevents deadly symptoms
 
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Giant cell arteritis (GCA) - also known as temporal arteritis - is a condition that causes some blood vessels to become inflamed, according to the NHS.The arteries that are usually affected are the ones around the head and neck.Common symptoms of the disease include severe headaches, tender scalps, jaw pain, and loss of vision. But, it could also lead to strokes and blindness.Almost 15,000 people develop GCA in the UK every year, but there haven’t been any treatment advances for almost 60 years.Now, a new drug has been made available on the NHS today (April 18), which could improve long-term control of GCA, it’s been revealed. The drug, tocilizumab, successfully navigated clinical trials, and has been issued a positive final appraisal by the National Institute of Health and Care Excellence (NICE).Patients will be recommended to take tocilizumab for one year. It’s specifically aimed at those who suffer from flare ups of their GCA, or those that don’t respond to steroids.Investigator of the drug, and consultant rheumatologist, Professor Bhaskar Dasgupta, said: “The clinical community is delighted that tocilizumab will be made available by NHS England for our GCA patients.“Treatment until now has been largely limited to long-term, high-dose steroids and patients urgently need a treatment approach that helps to control their disease and reduce the ongoing burden of steroids.“Tocilizumab offers a new treatment option for patients, with better disease control and quality of life, and fewer side effects compared to steroids.GETTY Images Medical breakthroughs: Nine of the most modern miracles Wed, June 28, 2017 Incredible medical breakthroughs leading to promising new treatments are just around the corner. Take a look at some of the most recent discoveries. Play slideshow “The clinical trial showed that tocilizumab [in combination with a rapidly tapered dose of steroids] improved long-term disease control, reduced and delayed the risk of disease flare, and substantially reduced the total dose of steroids compared to steroids alone.”GCA patient Carol Howell, 67, took part in the clinical trial for tocilizumab.She was diagnosed with the disease in 2011, and had a combination of symptoms, including shivering, a blinding headache, and an extremely sensitive scalp.“It was incredibly painful to touch and comb my hair, I had extreme difficulty chewing and couldn’t get out of bed,” Howell told Express.co.uk.“Thankfully my GP diagnosed me relatively quickly and referred me for treatment.GETTY Images“I then went on to have a battery of treatments including high doses of steroids, which very gradually brought down my symptoms, but didn’t make much of a difference.”Howell was asked to take part in the clinical trial after being referred by her GP. She was given four doses of tocilizumab - one to be taken each week over a four week period.“The results were astonishing,” she said. “I felt like a different woman.“I am delighted that it is now going to be ava
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Dementia: Try these exercises to slow the condition
 
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Dementia care varies from drugs to household brain exercises, both of which may slow the condition’s progression.Dementia Australia recommends several brain exercises which can help reduce the speed of dementia progression.“Keeping the brain active is thought to build reserves of healthy brain cells and connections between them,” said the organisation.“Numerous studies have suggested that engaging in more mentally stimulating activities throughout life is associated with better cognitive function, reduced cognitive decline and a reduced risk of developing dementia.”“Almost any type of mental activity may be beneficial, but they should involve new learning and be reasonably complex, varied and interesting, and engaged in frequently.” Related articles Batten disease: My son is losing his childhood... to dementia Dementia warning: 14p fruit could slash your risk of brain decline It suggests that people in the early stages of dementia may prefer to use “a range of exercises” including learning a new language, visiting museums and doing crosswords.Crosswords and sudokuThese involve number or word games and can easily be purchased in a small activity book from most local stores, or found in the back of newspapers, including FREE newspapers.Learning a new languageThis is a real challenge for everyone but could be very beneficial. It will exercise your brain and encourage it to learn new words and phrases which may help slow the speed of dementiaVisting a museumMuseum’s are themed and contain many different items that may stimulate the brain. Choose one that will really interest yourself or the person you are taking who is an early dementia sufferer. This will ensure the maximum amount of mental exercise.Dementia Australia also suggests several other exercises including reading, listening to the radio, taking a course, playing musical instruments, taking up a new hobby like art, or playing board games. 7 things you should do EVERY day to stave off dementia Tue, July 18, 2017 Memory boost: Seven things you should do every day to stave off dementia. Play slideshow Getty 1 of 8 7 things you should do EVERY day to stave off dementia For those in the later stages of dementia, the organisation recommends some other activities. These need to be carried out in a way that “relates to their own interests and capabilities.”Doing simple calculationsTesting mathematical skills is a good way to exercise the brain. Maths exercise books from beginner to advanced are available from most shops in the UK.StorytellingThis story can either be told aloud or acted out to them, and should be something that relates to their past.Dementia Australia says you should “include brief stories and role playing in longer stories to help increase attention and participation and to stimulate emotions and memories.”Imagery exercisesThis can be as simple as encouraging the person to recall a certain scene to stimulate an emotion. Getting them to imagine an image from natur
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Vitamin D deficiency: Three reasons you should take more ‘sunshine supplement’
 
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Vitamin D helps to regulate the amount of calcium and phosphate in the body, according to the NHS.The vitamin - sometimes known as the sunshine vitamin - helps to keep teeth and bones strong and healthy.Without enough vitamin D, you’re more at risk of developing bone deformities, including rickets and osteomalacia.But, you could lower your risk of vitamin D deficiency by taking supplements during the winter months.These are the top benefits of taking vitamin D supplements, including weight loss. “Your body produces vitamin D naturally when it’s directly exposed to sunlight,” said medical website Healthline.“You can also get it through certain foods and supplements to ensure adequate levels of the vitamin in your blood.“Getting a sufficient amount of vitamin D is important for normal growth and development of bones and teeth, as well as improved resistance against certain diseases.“If your body doesn’t get enough vitamin D, you’re at risk of developing bone abnormalities such as soft bones or fragile bones.“Consider adding vitamin D supplements to your diet if you’re trying to lose weight or prevent heart disease.” Good sources of vitamin D Wed, October 4, 2017 Vitamin D: The best supplement to take during cold winter months is vitamin D due to the lack of sunshine. Here are the best sources of the sunshine vitamin. Play slideshow Good sources of vitamin D Adding more vitamin D to your diet could help you to lose weight, a study has claimed.Taking vitamin D supplements helped people to lose weight over a 15-week period.Combined with calcium supplements, they worked to suppress appetite, scientists claimed.Vitamin D may also help to prevent mental health conditions, including depression, studies have reported.Patients with depression reported their symptoms improving after taking vitamin D supplements for one year, a Norwegian study claimed.Vitamin D may also help to prevent some diseases and infections.You could lower your risk of heart disease, flu and even multiple sclerosis by adding more vitamin D to your diet, said Healthline.The Department of Health recommends that all UK adults consider taking vitamin D supplements during the autumn and winter months, as daylight hours are reduced.Those most at risk of a deficiency in the sunshine vitamin include people that live in care homes, people that aren’t often outdoors, and people that usually wear clothes that cover up most of their skin.But, never take too much vitamin D over short periods of time. Taking more than 100mg everyday could be harmful, the NHS warns.For confidential support call the Samaritans in the UK on 116 123 or visit a local Samaritans branch.
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Prostate cancer symptoms: This nighttime habit could indicate you have the disease
 
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Prostate cancer symptoms often do not become apparent until the disease has progressed. This is down to the cancer growing large enough to put pressure on the urethra.As a result, the majority of symptoms are associated with urination, such as straining or taking a long time while urinating.It is the most common cancer in men in the UK which is why it is important to recognise all the signs.Because the disease develops slowly, there may be no signs you have it for many years, but a particular nighttime habit should be noted. The NHS lists the symptoms on its Choices website, and the first is something many people who may not have prostate cancer do at night.Needing to urinate more frequently during the night is one of the signs, and if this is out of the ordinary, you should go visit your GP.Other symptoms linked to urination include needing to rush to the toilets, difficulty in starting to pee, straining or taking long time while urinating, a weak flow and feeling your bladder has not emptied fully.The health body adds: “Many men’s prostates get larger as they get older due to a non-cancerous condition known as prostate enlargement or benign prostatic hyperplasia. Prostate cancer risk factors Thu, March 16, 2017 Prostate cancer is the most common cancer affecting men, and it kills more than 11,250 men each year. Here are the risk factor you should be aware of. Play slideshow Prostate cancer - Here are the risk factors you should be aware of “Symptoms that the cancer may have spread include bone and back pain, a loss of appetite, pain in the testicles and unexplained weight loss.”The PSA test is the recommended method for checking if you have the disease. But what does it entail - is it a blood test, a urine sample or a rectal examination?Professor Hashim Ahmed, Consultant Urological Surgeon at the Bupa Cromwell Hospital, is asking men not to shy away from having a prostate check, and details what to expect from the test.Men over the age of 50 who have talked through the advantages and disadvantages of having a PSA test with their GP or practice nurse are eligible for a Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) test.The first stage of the process is a simple blood test.A rectal exam can then help identify obvious abnormalities on the surface of the prostate even if the PSA is normal.Dr Ahmed explains: “If you have a raised PSA, or the rectal exam shows a lump, your doctor may refer you for a MRI scan in a specialised unit, which is a much more effective way of detecting prostate cancer.”He added that it’s important to note that your PSA can be high if you have prostate cancer but it can also be higher than normal if there is an infection, inflammation or you have a large prostate.Recent sexual activity before the test or cycling due to the pressure from a saddle can also raise your PSA levels, so make sure your GP is aware of anything that could affect the test.It is not known exactly what causes prostate cancer, but a number of things can incr
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Heart attack and strokes: Intermittent fasting SLASHES risk, new study finds
 
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People who regularly participate in intermittent fasting are less likely to go to have strokes or develop heart disease, new research has found.Intermittent fasting is a pattern of eating where you eat normally five days a week and fast on the other two days, limiting your intake to 500 calories for women and 600 for men.Also known as the 5:2 diet, it gained popularity in 2012 as an alternative way of losing weight, as it allows you to eat whatever you like, within reason, on non-fast days.Supporters of the eating plan claim that as well as weight loss, benefits include a longer life span and added protection against cognitive decline, including dementia and Alzheimer’s disease.The new study, published in the British Journal of Nutrition, compared 5:2 fasting with standard dieting, and studied fat metabolism and blood sugar levels after eating.It found that intermittent fasting was superior to regular dieting when it came to reducing blood fat levels in overweight and obese participants.The data revealed that people who followed the 5:2 regime cleared fat from their bloodstream after eating a meal faster than those who followed a healthy diet but ate regularly with no fasting.The patients participating in the research followed the LighterLife fast 5:2 plan, which entailed consuming LighterLife Fast products on their fasting days.A high level of fat in the bloodstream after a meal is recognised as an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The study also found a greater reduction in systolic blood pressure in participants on the 5:2 diet.High systolic blood pressure is a marker for heart attacks and strokes, as it increases pressure on arteries. Diet plans explained Thu, November 23, 2017 Diet plans for weight loss: From Atkins to Paleo. Play slideshow Paleo, Durkin & Atkins, the most popular diets explained The intermittent fasters had a nine percent reduction after following the 5:2 plan, compared with a small increase of two percent among those who had followed a regular daily diet.Dr Rona Antoni, Research Fellow in Nutritional Metabolism at the University of Surrey, said the findings could help change the way people eat and decrease their likelihood of developing serious diseases.“For those who do well and are able to stick to the 5:2 diet, it could potentially have a beneficial impact on some important risk markers for cardiovascular disease, in some cases more so than daily dieting.”The research revealed that intermittent fasting appears to positively alter a person’s metabolism, no matter how much weight is lost.Dr Kelly Johnston, head of nutrition and research for LighterLife Fast 5:2 plan said: “We always welcome new evidence from the scientific community with regards to the efficacy of weight loss and maintenance plans and certainly in this case, it appears as though irrespective of the method of weight loss, there does appear to be additional benefits when regularly fasting.“If you find fasting to be the plan for you
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Sex - four surprising health benefits of having regular orgasms
 
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Having regular sex could provide you with a number of health benefits, according to the NHS.A loving relationship, physical touch and intercourse all have separate health benefits.Sex can count as moderate exercise, which every adults needs to lead a healthy lifestyle.But, unless you’re having 150 minutes of orgasms a week, you should also try other exercises, too.These are the top reasons that you should be having more sex. High blood pressureHaving regular sex could help to lower your blood pressure, according to Amai Wellness’ Medical Director, Dr Joseph Pinion.“There have been many studies,” he told medical website WebMD.“One landmark study found that sexual intercourse specifically [not masturbation] lowered systolic blood pressure.”Your systolic blood pressure is the pressure in your blood vessels when the heart beats.Simply holding hands or touching a partner could also reduce your blood pressure, research has claimed. Natural ways to lower blood pressure Tue, January 2, 2018 Blood pressure: How to lower your blood pressure naturally. Play slideshow Natural ways to lower blood pressure Prevent heart attacksHaving a good sex life is good for your heart.Any exercise that raises your heart rate is beneficial, but regular sex could also help to keep your oestrogen and testosterone levels in balance.Low levels of the hormones increases your risk of osteoporosis or heart disease.Some people could be less likely to die of heart disease by having sex at least twice a week, studies have claimed.Lower prostate cancer riskRegular ejaculation could help to prevent prostate cancer, it’s been reported.While having sex may lower your chances of the disease, you could also gain the benefit from masturbation, said WebMD.“Men who ejaculated frequently [at least 21 times a month] were less likely to get prostate cancer during one study,” it added.“It's not clear that sex was the only reason that mattered in that study. Lots of factors affect cancer risk. But more sex won’t hurt.”Reduce stressSlash your day-to-day stress by having sex.Many people report orgasms help them to feel relaxed, according to the NHS.“In stress tests, including public speaking and doing mental arithmetic out loud, people who had no sex at all had the highest stress levels,” it said.“People who only had penetrative sex had the smallest rise in blood pressure.“This shows that they coped better with stress.”
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Piles symptoms - you could be at risk of painful haemorrhoids if you do this exercise
 
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Piles risk could be increased by doing weightliftingWeightlifting puts extra pressure on the lower rectumSwap the exercise for swimming or walkingSee a GP or pharmacist if you're worried about the symptoms of haemorrhoidsPiles, or haemorrhoids, are swollen blood vessels that are found insider or around the anus, according to the NHS.Symptoms of piles can be difficult to spot, and many people won’t even realise they have haemorrhoids.But, on some occasions, the condition can cause bleeding after passing a stool, an itchy bottom, and a mucus discharge after passing a stool.You can lower your risk of piles by avoiding any weightlifting exercises, it’s been revealed. “Exercise helps keep the colon more regular,” said Mercy Medical Center’s gastroenterologist, Dr Richard Desi.“However, engaging in activities that increase abdominal pressure and/or straining, such as weightlifting, can lead to the formation of haemorrhoids,” he told medical website Everyday Health.If you have a history of piles, it’s best to steer clear of weightlifting, or any exercise that may put extra pressure on your lower rectum.Instead, try light to moderate exercises, like swimming or walking. Piles: 9 ways to treat haemorrhoids Thu, January 18, 2018 Piles treatment: How to get rid of symptoms (and prevent new haemorrhoids). Play slideshow Piles: 9 ways to treat haemorrhoids You could also lower your risk of haemorrhoids by drinking plenty of fluids, according to the NHS.Cutting back on caffeine and alcohol could also help to prevent piles.You may be at risk of the condition if you delay going to the toilet.Ignoring the urge to empty your bowels could make stools hard and dry, which may lead to straining when you do come to using the toilet.The exact cause of haemorrhoids is large unknown, but it’s believed to be linked to increased pressure in the blood vessels around the anus.The pressure causes the blood vessels to become inflamed and swollen.Those most at risk of developing haemorrhoids include people that are overweight or obese, pregnant women, and people with a family history of piles.Patients with long-term diarrhoea are also more likely to develop haemorrhoids.
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Heart drugs: Statins could increase form of motor neurone disease risk
 
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A study published in the journal Drug Safety examined side effects linked with individual statin brands reported to the American drug watchdog, the Food and Drug Administration. It found two of the most commonly used statins – simvastatin and atorvastatin – increased the risk of suffering from ALS, a form of motor neurone disease, 17 and 23 fold respectively. Although the chances are still small, experts say this would equate to up to 1,400 extra cases of ALS in the UK every year. Professor Stephen Hawking suffered from a form of ALS.  Related articles Statins patients ‘used as guinea pigs’ Statin takers could cut heart attack risk by taking fortnightly jab Statins are routinely given to 12 million patients in the UK to lower cholesterol and reduce the risk of heart disease. They are the UK’s most commonly prescribed drug, yet cholesterol is critical for nerve function and lowering it could have damaging consequences in rare cases. Dr Malcolm Kendrick, who has studied statins and heart health, said: “This study adds to the growing evidence that we need an urgent review of these drugs.” The study was led by the San Diego School of Medicine, California.
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Vitamin D deficiency - how much sunlight should you get everyday to prevent symptoms?
 
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Vitamin D is important as it helps to regulate the amount of calcium and phosphate in the body, according to the NHS.It also helps to keep bones, teeth and muscles healthy.Without enough of the ‘sunshine’ vitamin, you could be more at risk of rickets and bone pain.But, you could lower your risk of a vitamin D deficiency by coming into contact with direct sunlight.Just 30 minutes of sunlight a day is enough to top up on vitamin D, according to medical website Patient.info. Related articles Vitamin D deficiency: Three reasons you should take more supplements Vitamin D deficiency: This change in appearance could be a sign Up to half an hour of sunlight exposure to your face and forearms should give you enough vitamin D, it said.“For a fair-skinned person, it is estimated that around 20-30 minutes of sunlight on the face and forearms, two to three times a week is sufficient to make enough vitamin D in the summer months in the UK.“For people with darker skin and for the elderly, the amount of time needed to be exposed to sunlight to make enough vitamin D can be much more than this.“The sunlight has to fall directly on to bare skin [through a window is not enough].“Too much exposure to the sun's rays can be damaging. Good sources of vitamin D Wed, October 4, 2017 Vitamin D: The best supplement to take during cold winter months is vitamin D due to the lack of sunshine. Here are the best sources of the sunshine vitamin. Play slideshow Getty Images 1 of 11 Good sources of vitamin D “Sunburn should be avoided at all costs [mainly because it can increase your risk of skin cancer].Between October and March, the UK is at risk of not getting enough vitamin D from sunlight.So, it’s suggested that adults take a daily 10mcg vitamin D supplement to help top up their reserves.The people most at risk of a vitamin D deficiency are those that aren’t often outdoors, to people that wear clothes covering most of their skin.But, you should never take more than 100mcg of vitamin D a day, as it could be harmful, the NHS warned.You could also boost your vitamin D intake by eating more sunshine vitamin-rich foods.Oily fish, red meat and liver are all packed full of vitamin D.Some foods have vitamin D added to them, including infant formula milk, most margarines and some cereals.About 20 per cent of the UK is deficient in vitamin D.More people become deficient during the autumn and winter months.
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Dementia signs: Six ways to reduce your risk of early symptoms - including this diet
 
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Dementia is a syndrome associated with an ongoing decline of brain functioning.Symptoms can include problems with memory loss, thinking speed, mental sharpness and quickness, language, understanding, judgement, movement and general difficulties carrying out daily activities.There is no cure for dementia right now, but if it's diagnosed in the early stages, there are ways you can slow it down and maintain mental function.Research has found that modifying dementia ‘risk factors’ can slash the risk of the disease developing by up to 30 per cent.So what can you do to help prevent the early signs of dementia? Related articles Dementia: This diet delays Alzheimer’s by three years Dementia and Alzheimer's: Diet could prevent you from developing this The NHS lists six things to reduce your risk: eating a healthy, balanced diet, maintaining a healthy weight, exercising regularly, keeping alcohol to a minimum, stopping smoking, and keeping blood pressure at a healthy level.Dementia is a term used to describe a collection of brain diseases that cause cognitive decline. The main types include Alzheimer’s disease, vascular dementia and frontotemporal dementia.The third most common type is dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), which accounts for 10-25 percent of cases.According to Alzheimer’s Research UK, there are six symptoms of dementia with Lewy bodies to look out for.The first is changes in alertness and attention, and periods of confusion, that may be unpredictable and change from hour-to-hour or day-to-day. 7 things you should do EVERY day to stave off dementia Tue, July 18, 2017 Memory boost: Seven things you should do every day to stave off dementia. Play slideshow Getty 1 of 8 7 things you should do EVERY day to stave off dementia The disease can also cause movement problems - Parkinson’s-type symptoms such as slower movements, stiffness in the arms and legs, and shaking or trembling.Visual hallucinations can also occur - seeing things that are not really there, for example, people or animals. These often happen repeatedly and are realistic and well-formed.Sleep disturbances can happen - vivid dreams, shouting out or moving while sleeping which can disrupt sleep, and may cause injury.Fainting, unsteadiness and falls can also be an indicator, and finally, problems with detecting smells can develop.According to the Alzheimer’s Association, early signs of dementia with Lewy bodies can include hunched posture, rigid muscles and problems with balance – all symptoms of Parkinson’s disease, so sufferers can be misdiagnosed.Motion problems common for both illnesses including a shuffling walk and trouble initiating movement.Other symptoms, such as a slow gait, changes in speech and loss of motivation, are also shared by both diseases.The Alzheimer’s Association notes that there is no test to conclusively diagnose dementia with Lewy bodies. The diagnosis is DLB when dementia symptoms occur within one year of movement systems, or are present at t
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Diabetes diet - add this 69p nut to your shopping list to PREVENT high blood sugar
 
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Diabetes type 2 patients should eat more coconut, nutritionist claimsCoconut has a high glycaemic loadFood is converted into sugar faster after eatingRisk of high blood sugar is lower in high glycaemic load foodsDiabetes type 2 is caused by the pancreas not producing enough of the hormone insulin, according to the NHS.Without enough insulin, the body can’t convert sugar from the blood into energy.Diabetes symptoms can include passing more urine than usual - particularly at night - and extreme fatigue.But, adding coconut to your diet could help to regulate your blood sugar, a nutritionist has claimed.Meanwhile, certain foods can negatively affect your blood sugar levels.Cake and other refined sugars rapidly spike blood sugar, as they enter the bloodstream much faster than other sugars.Some grains should be avoided as they contain large amounts of carbohydrates.Diabetes patients should also consider cutting back on conventional cow's milk and dairy products. Coconut has a high glycaemic load, according to Dr Josh Axe.Foods with a high glycaemic load are converted into sugar after being eaten faster.That means the risk of high blood sugar is lower than eating foods with a low glycaemic load.“The glycemic index of a food tells you about the blood glucose-raising potential of the food,” he said. Symptoms of diabetes Fri, August 19, 2016 Diabetes is a common life-long health condition. There are 3.5 million people diagnosed with diabetes in the UK and an estimated 500,000 who are living undiagnosed with the condition. Play slideshow People should be aware signs and symptoms of diabetes are not always obvious and the condition is often diagnosed during GP check ups. “If you are fighting diabetes, stick to low glycemic foods like non-starchy vegetables, stone fruits and berries, nuts, seeds, avocados, coconut, organic meat, eggs, wild-caught fish, and raw pastured dairy.“Type 2 diabetes is a completely preventable and reversible condition.“With diet and lifestyle changes, you can greatly reduce your chances of getting the disease or reverse the condition if you’ve already been diagnosed.”Regular exercise and drinking alcohol in moderation could also help to prevent diabetes, the NHS added.Symptoms of the condition are common to both type 1 and type 2 diabetes.Having cuts or wounds that heal slowly, blurred vision and having itching around the penis or vagina are signs of diabetes.The condition increases the risk of heart disease, stroke, verve damage and kidney disease.See your GP if you think you may diabetes. Early diagnosis is very important, as the condition gets progressively worse.
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Frontotemporal dementia: What is it and are you at risk of symptoms?
 
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Dementia mostly affects people over 65, and there are four common types - Alzheimer’s disease, Lewy body dementia, vascular dementia and frontotemporal dementia.Frontotemporal dementia is the most uncommon type of dementia of these, and mainly affects the front and sides of the brain and causes problems with behaviour and language.Unlike other types of dementia it tends to start at a younger age.So what are the symptoms to look out for and are you at risk? According to the NHS, signs of frontotempora dementia can include:Personality and behaviour changes - acting inappropriately or impulsively, appearing selfish or unsympathetic, neglecting personal hygiene, overeating, or loss of motivationLanguage problems - speaking slowly, struggling to make the right sound when saying a word, getting words in the wrong order, or using words incorrectlyProblems with mental abilities - getting distracted easily, struggling with planning and organisationMemory problems - these only tend to occur later on, unlike more common forms of dementia such as Alzheimer’s diseaseThe health body adds: “There may also be physical problems, such as slow or stiff movements, loss of bladder or bowel control (usually not until later on), muscle weakness or difficulty swallowing.” Early signs of Dementia Tue, December 20, 2016 Dementia affects the ability to remember, think and reason. Here are the early signs to look out for in yourself and loved ones. Play slideshow Early signs of dementia There’s currently no cure for frontotemporal dementia or treatment to slow down the disease, but there are options for helping control some of the symptoms.These include:Medicines - to control some of the behavioural problemsTherapies - such as physiotherapy, occupational therapy, and speech and language therapy for problems with movement, everyday tasks and communicationDementia activities - such as memory cafes, which are drop-in sessions for people with memory problems and their carers to get support and adviceSupport groups - who can offer tips on managing symptoms from dementia experts and people living with frontotemporal dementia, and their families.Vascular dementia is a common type of dementia that is caused by reduced blood flow to the brain.This kind of dementia can have symptoms similar to Alzheimer’s and other forms of dementia. These can include memory loss, disorientation and problems with communication.There can also be more specific symptoms and these may differ depending on the area of the brain that is affected.Alzheimer’s Research UK lists four symptoms to look out for.
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Prostate cancer signs and symptoms: What are the risks of the PSA test?
 
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Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer in men in the UK, and because the disease develops slowly, there may be no signs you have it for many years.It was revealed last week that Bill Turnbull is currently struggling with the disease, and the BBC Breakfast presenter, along with doctors, is now urging men to get tested.The PSA test is the recommended method for checking if you have the disease. But what does it entail - is it a blood test, a urine sample or a rectal examination, and does it come with any risks?Dr Sam Rodgers, GP and Medical Director at Medichecks, sheds light on what to expect from the test. Men over the age of 50 who have talked through the advantages and disadvantages of having a PSA test with their GP or practice nurse are eligible for a Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) test.While it’s highly recommended by doctors to have, Dr Rodgers says the test does carry some risks.He said: “Modern prostate biopsies involve taking anywhere from 10 to 50 biopsies of the prostate depending upon the method used. These can cause pain, bleeding, infection, and may cause sexual problems in a small number of men.“If we take 100 men with an abnormal PSA (using the traditional cut-off of 4.0ng/ml) and subject them all to a biopsy then approximately 30 of them will be found to have prostate cancer on the biopsy. The other 70 men have had a false positive result. Prostate cancer risk factors Thu, March 16, 2017 Prostate cancer is the most common cancer affecting men, and it kills more than 11,250 men each year. Here are the risk factor you should be aware of. Play slideshow Prostate cancer - Here are the risk factors you should be aware of “If we take 100 men who have a negative result (using the same cut off point) then 15 of them will later be found to have prostate cancer (they have had a false negative result). So there is a risk that we provide false reassurance to men who need investigation and treatment for cancer.”Dr Rodgers said there has been some further work to improve the normal ranges so that there are less false negative results, but the problem with doing this is that the false positive rate will rise, resulting in more men having prostate biopsies that they don’t need.He added: “Some PSA tests include both a measure of the total PSA and the PSA that is not bound to proteins in the blood (free PSA).“Free PSA tends to increase with innocent conditions so measuring both can help to interpret the total PSA results that sit between 4 and 10, and so reduce the number of men undergoing prostate biopsies that are not needed.”This Morning doctor, Dr Chris Steele, recommends that people have the PSA test.He said: ““Men who are black or have a family history of it should get the PSA test done from 45.”The PSA test can find aggressive prostate cancer that needs treatment, according to the NHS, but it can also find slow-growing cancer that may never cause symptoms or shorten life.So what happens during a PSA test?
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Arthritis - add this 12p vegetable to your shopping list to reduce joint pain
 
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Arthritis is a common condition that affects people of all ages, according to the NHS.The most common type of arthritis in the UK is osteoarthritis.It’s caused by a gradual wearing down of the smooth cartilage lining the joints.Arthritis pain usually affects the hands, spine, knees, and hips.You can relieve arthritis symptoms by adding more onions to your dinner, a nutritionist has claimed. Related articles Arthritis pain? This diet plan could reduce symptoms Arthritis pain: Prevent symptoms with these supplements Eating more onions could help to reduce your arthritis pain as they’re rich in sulphur, said Dr Josh Axe.They’re also a great source of flavonoids; antioxidants that get rid of harmful free radicals.Onions are low in calories, and have virtually no fat, added the Arthritis Foundation.Weight gain has been linked to increased arthritis pain, as it puts more stress on the joints between bones.Shallots and red onions provide the best disease-fighting chemicals, it added. Arthritis: Seven hand exercises to ease arthritis pain Thu, January 11, 2018 Arthritis: 7 hand exercises to ease pain and strengthen the muscles to improve flexibility. Play slideshow Getty 1 of 8 Hand exercises for arthritis “Sulfur naturally contains a form of methylsulfonylmethane [MSM],” said the nutritionist.“MSM has been shown to help reduce joint inflammation along with joint pain.“Because onions are a great anti-inflammatory food, they’re one of the best vegetable choices if you suffer from painful inflammatory diseases like arthritis or asthma.“Quercetin [a type of flavonoid], found in onions, may be especially beneficial for arthritis sufferers because it helps inhibit inflammation-causing leukotrienes, prostaglandins and histamines that worsen pain and swelling.”You can add more onion to your diet by including it in your salads, stir-frys or sandwiches, added the Arthritis Foundation.Arthritis symptoms include joint pain, stiffness, and restricted movement of joints.There’s currently no cure for the condition, but some treatments could slow down it’s progression.Exercise is a great way to relieve your arthritis pain, the NHS said.Keeping active could boost your muscle strength, improve your range of movement, and reduce stiffness.You won’t cause your arthritis to get any worse by doing the right type and level of exercise for your condition.Speak to your GP for advice on the best exercise for you.
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Vitamin D deficiency: The reason your supplements are not working - what you need to do
 
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Vitamin D is an important part of bodily function, helping a person absorb calcium and promote bone growth. If someone has too little vitamin D, they can be at risk of a deficiency, and symptoms of this includes achy bones and joints and digestive problems.Dubbed the ‘sunshine vitamin’, it is best absorbed through sun exposure, but during the winter months it can be difficult to get enough sun, putting you at risk of vitamin D deficiency.Taking vitamin D supplements is good way of making sure you are efficient.But not having enough of a certain mineral can impact your vitamin D supplement absorption. Even if you eat a decent diet, you could be falling short on magnesium, which activates vitamin D so the body can put it to use.Researchers from Harvard University and the University of Rwanda discovered that without enough magnesium, vitamin D supplements are not only worthless but could also be dangerous in increasing your levels of calcium and phosphate.After analysing how vitamin D behaves in the body, the scientists discovered that magnesium helps activate the vitamin so the body can put it to use.For women, the daily recommended allowance for magnesium is between 320 and 360mg, and for men, it is between 140 and 420mg. Good sources of vitamin D Wed, October 4, 2017 Vitamin D: The best supplement to take during cold winter months is vitamin D due to the lack of sunshine. Here are the best sources of the sunshine vitamin. Play slideshow Good sources of vitamin D The authors of the study noted that magnesium is naturally present in “almonds, bananas, beans, broccoli, brown rice, cashews, egg yolk, fish oil, flaxseed, green vegetables, milk, mushrooms, other nuts, oatmeal, pumpkin seeds, sesame seeds, soybeans, sunflower seeds, sweet corn, tofu, and whole grains”.The study authors added: “Studies have shown that magnesium supplementation can increase the effectiveness of vitamin D activity. Therefore, further controlled studies should determine the dose…required for reducing vitamin D associated disorders.”In the meantime, you should look to get more magnesium-rich foods in your diet, and if you are taking vitamin D supplements you could consider adding a magnesium pill to your regimen.What are the symptoms of a vitamin D deficiency?Boots Web MD lists the following:Rickets bone problems in childrenOsteomalacia bone problems in adultsSome research has suggests not getting enough of the vermin may also be linked to:Heart conditionsDiabetesAsthmaCognitive impairment in older adultsThese are the groups of people at risk of developing a vitamin D deficiency.
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Fibromyalgia symptoms: This sign can signify your condition isn't rheumatoid arthritis
 
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Fibromyalgia is a condition that causes widespread pain in the body and increased sensitive to pain.But many people who suffer from pain in their body may be confused between this and another pain-related condition, arthritis.Both are rheumatic conditions, which mean they affect your joints and muscles, but how can you differentiate between the two?The defining feature of rheumatoid arthritis is joint inflammation, which causes joint pain, swelling, and redness.According to the NHS, the joint pain is usually throbbing and aching pain, and is often worse in the morning and after a period of inactivity. Related articles Fibromyalgia symptoms: Taking CBD oil supplements Best exercises for treating fibromyalgia With fibromyalgia, the pain is widespread, but can be worse in particular areas, such as your back or neck.The health body says the pain can feel like an ache, a burning sensation or a sharp stabbing pain.Other defining features of fibromyalgia can include fatigue, brain fog, tingling or numbness in the feet or hands that comes and goes, anxiety and bowel irritability.Because the condition can make you fee tired and worn out, nutritionists at Healhline say eating certain foods can give you more energy.According to the site, eating beans can give you more energy.It states: “Avoid sweets, which will only give you a quick sugar boost, Your body will burn right through them, and then you’ll crash. Instead, eat foods that will give you more energy to get through your day. 10 foods to reduce rheumatoid arthritis symptoms Wed, November 8, 2017 Rheumatoid arthritis: Foods to reduce arthritis symptoms and pain. Play slideshow Getty 1 of 11 The best foods for reducing the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis “Combine protein or fats with carbohydrates to slow down their absorption. Choose fresh, whole foods high in fibre and low in added sugars.”Alongside beans, foods it lists include almonds and other nuts and seeds, broccoli, tofu, oatmeal, dark leafy greens, and avocado.Is there a test for fibromyalgia?There’s no specific test to diagnose the condition, but when you visit your GP your body will be examined to check for visible signs of the condition - for example, swollen joints could suggests arthritis rather than fibromyalgia.How to treat fibromyalgiaBecause fibromyalgia has numerous symptoms, no single treatment will work for all cases.Lifestyle changes and medication will most likely be the recommended forms of treatment by your GP, but other healthcare professional may be involved in your care.These include a rheumatologist - a specialist in conditions that affect muscles and joints - a neurologist - a spiciest in condition of the central nervous system - and a psychologist - a specialist in mental health and psychological treatments.Certain foods have also been proven to help with arthritis pain.Patients with arthritis should avoid eating grapefruits, or risk aggravating joint pain, a nutritionist has claimed. Certain exercises cou
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Bowel cancer warning: Does your poo look like this? What a healthy stool should look like
 
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Bowel cancer is one of the most common types of cancer to be diagnosed in the UK, according to the NHS.Most people diagnosed with the cancer are over 60 years old.Bowel cancer symptoms include a persistent change in bowel habit, or a persistent abdominal pain.But, the symptoms of bowel cancer can be difficult to spot, and may not necessarily make you feel unwell.One of the ways you can check to see if you’re at risk of the disease is to check your stool after using the toilet. Related articles Bowel cancer symptoms: Four signs to check when you go to the toilet Bowel cancer symptoms: Three changes to make your diet Almost half of people in the UK claim to have never checked their poo, according to the Taymount Clinic.“Everyone assumes poo is always brown – and most of the time it is,” it told Express.co.uk.“However, sometimes your diet will impact the colour of your poo.“For example, brightly coloured foods such as beetroot or cherries will colour you poo purple if you eat enough of them.“This is harmless, unless it occurs on a regular basis or it looks black or red.” Bowel cancer risk factors Mon, April 3, 2017 Bowel cancer: Here are the risk factors of the disease to be aware of. Play slideshow Getty 1 of 9 Bowel cancer risk factors A black or red stool may indicate something more serious.The red tinge to your poo could be caused by blood.If the blood is bright, then the bleeding may be caused by an anal tear or haemorrhoids, said Ramsay Health Care.But, blood from higher up in the bowel could turn your stool dark red or black.This type of bleeding may be a sign of bowel cancer, and you should speak to a doctor straight away.GETTY ImagesRamsay Health Care UKThe ideal poo appears like a smooth, soft sausage, or is sausage-shaped with cracks on the surface.It should also be about an inch in diameter, and 12 inches long, according to medical website StoolAnalyzer.com.Your stool should be easy to pass and soft, and should slowly sink to the bottom of the toilet.If you’re worried about your stool, you should speak to a GP.The NHS offers bowel cancer screening to registered adults in the UK.
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‘Jelly belly’ cancer: What are the symptoms and are you at risk?
 
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‘Jelly belly’ cancer is a name that has been given to psudomyxoma peritonea - a very rare type of cancer that usually begins in the appendix as a small growth, called a polyp.This type of cancer is normally slow-growing and makes a jelly-like liquid called mucin.Eventually it spreads into the space inside the peritoneum (the layer of tissue that lines the abdomen).As the liquid builds up it puts pressure on the bowel and other organs.There are six psudomyxoma peritonea symptoms to note, according to Macmillan Cancer Support. The symptoms of this type of cancer can include gradual increase in waist size, a hernia, loss of appetite, unexplained weight gain, tummy pain, and changes in bowel habits.The charity adds: “It can be hard to diagnose psudomyxoma peritonea and it’s often found by accident.“If you have any symptoms, you may have tests including a CT or ultrasound scan, a biopsy or a laparoscopy.”The causes of this type of cancer are unknown, but most cancers are a result of a number of different factors working together.How is psudomyxoma peritonea treated?The main treatments of psudomyxoma peritonea are surgery and chemotherapy. Rare cancers you've probably never heard of Thu, December 15, 2016 Rare cancer types you've probably never heard of from foot cancer to salivary gland cancer. Play slideshow Rare cancers you've probably never heard of In some cases, your doctor may suggest watchful waiting, particularly if the cancer is slow growing.You will be closely monitored and treatment will be started when the cancer begins to cause problems.One woman who had always had a delicate tummy and was diagnosed with irritable bowel syndrome at 15, started getting more and more attacks of bloating, cramps and trapped wind as she entered her 30s.Lousie’s GP thought her IBS was flaring up or that she might have a tummy bug. But it carried on and she was soon having days off work with it.The turning point came in June 2014 when she was 34. She had a sharp stabbing pain just under her ribcage at the right. It lasted seconds, then disappeared for days. She also had a swollen sensation to the right of her navel.Her husband’s grandma had suffered gallstones and recognised some of the symptoms, so she asked her GP to refer her so she could be checked out.At an ultrasound at Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital that August no gallstones were found, but the consultant radiologist discovered fluid around her liver. She could see from his face he was perplexed.A week went by before a follow-up CT scan. Then, five days later, she was called in to the GP’s for the results.When the GP asked her and David if they wanted to know what she might have, they both nodded. It was bad news. They had found a lot more fluid around her appendix and womb, as well as her liver.They thought she had a pseudomyxoma peritonei, and this is what happened next.
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Lung cancer symptoms: Fingers that do this at the ends could be a sign of the disease
 
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Lung cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in the UK, affecting around 44,500 people.Symptoms of this type of cancer develop as the condition progresses, and in the early stages, signs can be hard to detect.Many of the symptoms of lung cancer could be mistaken for less common health conditions, like a persistent cough or loss of appetite.Less common signs of the disease may surprise people, such as changes in the appearance of your fingers. The NHS lists the main symptoms of lung cancer:A cough that doesn’t go away after two or three weeksA long-standing cough that gets worsePersistent chest infectionsAn ache or pain when breathing or coughingPersistent breathlessnessPersistent tiredness or lack of energyLoss of appetite or unexplained weight lossLess common symptoms of the disease include finger clubbing.Finger clubbing is when the ends of your fingers become more curved or appear larger. Lung cancer signs and symptoms Thu, January 11, 2018 Chesty dry coughs could be due to a common cold, but they could also be a sign of something more serious, like lung cancer. Here are the main signs to be aware of. Play slideshow Lung cancer signs and symptoms Other less common symptoms of lung cancer include:A high temperature (fever of 38C or above)Difficulty swallowing or pain when swallowingWheezingA hoarse voiceSwelling of your face or neckPersistent chest or shoulder painIf you experience any of the signs and symptoms you should visit your GP.Another sign your cough could be linked to lung cancer is if you start coughing up blood. This may be small amounts of blood and you may cough up rust coloured phlegm.Your sputum, another word for phlegm, could also have flecks of red in it.It is more unusual to cough up larger amounts of blood, but you should see you GP straight away if this happens.Swelling in the face can be linked to lung cancer, but why does this happen?This can be a result of a superior vena cava obstruction.The superior vena cava is a large vein in the chest which carries blood from the upper half of the body into the heart.A superior vena cava obstruction happens when something blocks this blood flow, explains Macmillan.
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Dementia: This common drug increases dementia risk by up to 60 percent
 
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A popular drug used to treat epilepsy has been linked with an increased risk of dementia.A combined Finnish/German study has found that anti-epileptic drugs that are known to impair cognitive function were associated with a 20 percent increased risk of Alzheimer's disease and with a 60 percent increased risk of dementia.The researchers also found that the higher the dose of the drug, the higher the risk of dementia, reported the University of Finland.The study found that even occasional use of the drug increased the chance of developing the degenerative brain disease.The risk is highest in anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) such as sodium valproate, which is commonly prescribed in the UK under the name Epilim.Around 600,000 people in the UK have epilepsy and over half of those have regular seizures and take medication to try to control them.Epilim is also often used to treat bipolar disorder and generalised anxiety disorder, and it sometimes used to prevent migraine.Anti-epileptic drugs need to be invasive to get to the areas in the brain that control seizures, the Epilepsy Society noted.“AEDs make the brain less likely to have seizures by altering and reducing the excessive electrical activity (or excitability) of the neurones that normally cause a seizure. "Different AEDs work in different ways and have different effects on the brain.” Early signs of Dementia Tue, December 20, 2016 Dementia affects the ability to remember, think and reason. Here are the early signs to look out for in yourself and loved ones. Play slideshow Early signs of dementia They do this by working on particular ‘targets’ in the brain.“AEDs may affect the neurotransmitters responsible for sending messages, or attach themselves to the surface of neurones and alter the activity of the cell by changing how ions (chemicals found in the body that have an electrical charge), flow into and out of the neurones.“The way AEDs work is not fully understood,” the association continued. “How AEDs have been developed is somewhat ‘random’ either by luck (finding that an existing drug used for something else happens to work on seizures), or by huge numbers of different drugs being tried in an effort to find one that works.”The medical website NetDoctor notes that the medication prevents epileptic fits by “stabilising the excessive electrical activity in the brain.”It is thought to achieve this by increasing the activity of a natural nerve-calming agent called GABA in the brain. As well as AEDs, treatment can include surgery to remove a small part of the brain that's causing the seizures, or a ketogenic diet, which promotes high fat and low carbohydrate foods.The disease can start at any age, but it usually occurs either in childhood or in people over 60.Seizures are the most obvious symptom, but sufferers may also lose awareness of where they are, starring blankly into space, or they may become stiff. They may also experience strange sensations, such as a rising feeling in the stomach,
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Super gonorrhoea: English man has world’s first confirmed case of drug-resistant strain
 
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An English man has become the first person in the world to catch so-called ‘super gonorrhoea’, which has proved resistant to antibiotics.The man, who hasn’t been named, is said to have caught the STI from a woman during a trip to south-east Asia earlier this year.Public Health England has issued a warning that this seems to be the first case “resistant to the current recommended dual first-line therapy.”The gonorrhoea failed to respond to two powerful antibiotics, azithromycin and ceftriaxone, that the World Health Organisation (WHO) recommends are given to patients suffering from the STI.Last year WHO warned that the infection had become highly drug resistant."The bacteria that cause gonorrhoea are particularly smart,” said Dr Teodora Wi, Medical Officer, Human Reproduction, at WHO.“Every time we use a new class of antibiotics to treat the infection, the bacteria evolve to resist them."In 2016, Public Health England warned that a powerful strain of the bug had first been seen in the north of England and had spread to the Midlands and the South East. It was highly resistant to the antibiotic azithromycin, but was still treatable with the second drug, ceftriaxone. However, this new strain of the super-bug was unaffected by both antibiotics.Reports state that the patient is being treated with daily injections of ertapenem, another antibiotic, and will be tested in a few weeks to see if the infection has cleared up.Symptoms of gonorrhoea for both men and women include unusual discharge and a burning sensation when passing urine.Men may also get swelling of the foreskin, while women may experience bleeding between periods.However, one in 10 infected men and half of infected women won’t experience any symptoms, according to the NHS.Globally, around 78 million people are infected with gonorrhoea each year.If you think you may have an STI, you should visit your GP or local sexual health clinic.
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Lung cancer symptoms: Three less common signs you need to be aware of
 
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Lung cancer symptoms often don’t become apparent until the tumour has become quite large.But when they do, Bupa lists seven to look out for: coughing up blood, feeling short of breath, having pain in your chest, having regular chest infections, using weight for no reason, feeling very tired, and using your appetite.SCLC (small cell lung cancer) can develop quickly and spread to other parts of your body early on, often before diagnosis, which is why it’s important to be aware of all the symptoms.With this in mind, there are three other, less common symptoms you need to be aware of.Bupa lists these as swelling of your face or neck, a hoarse voice, and broadening or thickening of the tips of your fingers (known as clubbing). Related articles This feeling in your chest could be a sign of lung cancer Why weight loss could be a symptom of lung cancer The health organisation adds: “Many symptoms of lung cancer, such as a cough, can also be symptoms of other much less serious conditions, such as asthma.“But if you’ve had symptoms such as a cough or feeling very tired for longer than three weeks, contact your GP surgery for advice.“Some of the more serious symptoms - such as increasing shortness of breath, chest pain and coughing blood - should be checked by a GP sooner rather than waiting three weeks.“If you’re in any doubt, it’s best to see your GP as soon as you can.”A cough is one of the main symptoms of lung cancer, but what should you look out for? Lung cancer signs and symptoms Thu, January 11, 2018 Chesty dry coughs could be due to a common cold, but they could also be a sign of something more serious, like lung cancer. Here are the main signs to be aware of. Play slideshow Getty 1 of 14 Lung cancer signs and symptoms Cancer Research UK says your cough might be more painful, it may have a different sound, and you may bring up coloured mucus or phlegm when you cough.Another sign your cough could be linked to lung cancer is if you start coughing up blood. This may be small amounts of blood and you may cough up rust coloured phlegm.Your sputum, another word for phlegm, could also have flecks of red in it.It is more unusual to cough up larger amounts of blood, but you should see you GP straight away if this happens.Another symptom people may not recognise as being linked to lung cancer is swelling in the face.But why does this happen?Swelling in the face can be a result of a superior vena cava obstruction.The superior vena cava is a large vein in the chest which carries blood from the upper half of the body into the heart.A superior vena cava obstruction happens when something blocks this blood flow, explains Macmillan. A breakthrough cancer treatment has the ability to save tens of thousands of lives and should be available on the NHS, experts said back in April.
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Double vision could signal a serious illness and lead to blindness or even death
 
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Double vision is a debilitating condition that, in extreme cases, can develop into a life-threatening illness.It can affect one eye (monocular) or both (binocular). It shouldn’t be confused with blurred vision, where only one image is seen.If the double vision is in one eye, a sufferer will only see two images out of that eye. It’s likely to be a sign of dry eye syndrome or astigmatism, which are treatable, but could signal a much more serious illness.One possibility is Graves’ disease, a thyroid condition that affects the eye muscles. It is fairly easy to rectify, but WebMD warns that if left untreated, it can lead to serious complications or even death.Symptoms include inflamed eye tissues that cause the eyeballs to protrude from their sockets. In some cases, partial blindness can occur.Double vision could also be a sign of Myasthenia gravis, an autoimmune illness that causes muscle weakness and rapid fatigue, as the nerves stop telling muscles what to do. It is most common in women under 40 and men over 60.As well as double vision, sufferers may get drooping eyelids, before developing muscle weakness in other areas of the body, making it difficult to chew, smile or do activities such as walking up stairs.Medical website Everyday Health notes that it can develop into a life-threatening illness as it affects breathing and requires immediate treatment in order for the person to be able to breathe on their own. Double vision could also be a sign of cataracts – cloudy patches over the front of the eyes. They can be surgically removed but if left untreated, can cause partial and eventually complete blindness.Keratoconus, where the clear outer layer of the cornea changes shape, is another cause of double vision.Double vision affecting both eyes is more common in children and is usually a symptom of a squint, the NHS states. If glasses or eye exercises don’t help, surgery is an option, to ensure the muscles are lined up correctly.The condition is particularly dangerous for children because if it goes untreated for a long time, the development of the visual system can be permanently halted, the Eyecare Trust warns.“The suppressed eye may get to the point where it is unable to see well, no matter how good the spectacle or contact lens correction.”It can also lead to a permanent lazy eye, where the brain learns to ignore signals coming from the affected eye.There are other rarer causes for a squint, including cerebral palsy and Down’s syndrome.It can also be a be a symptom of a rare type of childhood eye cancer called retinoblastoma, which usually affects children under five. For these reasons, the NHS advises getting squints checked by a GP.One third of adults admit to being overdue for an eye test.
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Dementia: Seven early warning signs to watch out for
 
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Dementia affects 850,000 people in the UK and symptoms vary from person to person.One in six people over the age of 80 currently have dementia, but the most obvious signs of the disease, such as memory loss and disorientation, aren’t usually the first symptoms to arise.It is important to keep an eye out for less-obvious signs of cognitive decline, as being diagnosed early makes treatment easier and more affective, and gives the patient the care and support they need.Dementia is classified into four categories: Alzheimer’s, vascular dementia, frontotemporal dementia, and dementia with Lewy bodies. The Alzheimer’s Society lists distinct early signs of each of the four types.Increased confusion, such as struggling to find the right word or losing items around the house.A sufferer might often have trouble taking in new information and remembering times and dates.Reduced concentrationIf a person has trouble concentrating for any length of time, it may be an early sign of vascular dementia.They might also have issues with planning, such as following the steps of a recipe.Trouble seeing things in 3DVascular dementia patients often have issues with their visuospatial skills – trouble perceiving objects in three dimensions – before other symptoms arise.Disturbed sleepDementia with Lewy bodies typically shows up with sleep problems and visual hallucinations (seeing things that aren’t really there). Early signs of Dementia Tue, December 20, 2016 Dementia affects the ability to remember, think and reason. Here are the early signs to look out for in yourself and loved ones. Play slideshow Early signs of dementia Parkinson’s symptomsLewy bodies dementia sufferers may have problems with stiff limbs and movement, such as those seen in Parkinson’s disease.Change of personalityOne of the first signs of frontotemporal dementia is doing things out of character, becoming suddenly rude or impulsive, for example.Withdrawal or depressionAnother early sign of cognitive deterioration is apathy or withdrawal, with the person no longer interested in hobbies, spending large amounts of time starring at the television or sleeping.They may also lose their train of thought and show signs of depression.Alzheimers Research UK says that looking at five categories – motivation, mood, impulse control, social appropriateness and psychosis – can be helpful in identifying possible early symptoms.In the initial stages, changes in mood might be subtle, as a person becomes more irritable, suspicious or agitated.Due to the ageing population, the number of UK people with dementia is set to soar to over one million by 2025. Over 225,000 people will develop dementia this year – that's one every three minutes.A 15-minute written test  can indicate if someone is displaying early signs of cognitive decline.The SAGE test is made to be completed several times, often over the course of many years, to highlight any changes before other symptoms might become obvious.
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Fibromyalgia symptoms: What is the condition and is it classed as a disability?
 
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Fibromyalgia symptoms tend to be experienced by the sufferer between the ages of 20 and 60, though the condition is more common with increasing age.It is a long-term chronic disorder, but its exact cause is unknown.The condition causes widespread pain in the body, but discomfort can vary depending on the person.The pain may be worse at some times than others, and can feel like a deep ache in your muscles, like a burning or throbbing, or intense, persistent pain.So is fibromyalgia classed as a disability, meaning your eligible for benefits? Related articles Never ignore this trigger, which could cause fibromyalgia Avoid these three foods to reduce fibromyalgia symptoms According to Fibromyalgia Syndrome, fibromyalgia can be identified as a disability and Personal Independence Payment may apply to you.Like Disability Living Allowance, the benefit is given to individuals who cannot work and find it difficult to cope by themselves. It is then split into three levels and each level is representative of the nature of the condition.The site explains: “In order to qualify you must complete a medical assessment which is carried out by an independent doctor once your application has been received and processed.“This examination will determine whether or not the information you have provided in your application is correct and will also assess at what level you may qualify for assistance.”But, fibromyalgia can affect people in different ways, and is a difficult illness to diagnose, meaning it may take some time before your doctor reaches a diagnosis. 10 ways to ease the pain of fibromyalgia Mon, April 30, 2018 Fibromyalgia: 10 ways to ease pain and improve quality of life. Play slideshow Getty 1 of 11 10 ways to ease the pain of fibromyalgia The site adds: “You should expect a lengthy wait as - although Personal Independence Payment does cover this illness - there are more rigorous assessments to undergo before agreement is reached.”In the meantime, what can you do to relieve symptoms of fibromyalgia?Because the condition can also make you feel tired and worn out, exercising regularly is one of the most effective ways to treat fibromyalgia, according to the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases.Many doctors recommend an exercise and fitness programme as the first line of treatment for fibromyalgia.But even if your doctor prescribes medication for your condition it is important to stay active.Research shows that 12 weeks of moderate aerobic training, combined with strength training can improve your pain and overall well-being, says the Cochrane Library.Eating certain foods can also help give you more energy.Nutritionists at Healthline state eating certain foods, such as beans, can give you more energy.The site adds: “Avoid sweets, which will only give you a quick sugar boost. Your body will burn right through them, and then you’ll crash. Instead, eat foods that will five you more energy to get through your d
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High blood pressure - these 1p a day vitamins could slash hypertension risk
 
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High blood pressure affects more than 25 per cent of all UK adults, according to the NHS.The condition, otherwise known as hypertension, puts extra strain on the blood vessels and vital body organs.If you have extremely high blood pressure, you may experience a pounding in your chest, blood in your urine, or vision problems.Having high blood pressure increases patients’ risk of heart disease, heart attacks and strokes.But, you could lower your risk of hypertension by taking daily vitamin C supplements, it’s been revealed. Vitamin C supplements may lower blood pressure due to their biological effects, scientists have claimed.The vitamin may act as a diuretic, which helps the kidneys to remove more sodium and water from the body, according to US scientists from The John Hopkins University.That helps to relax blood vessel walls, which also lowers blood pressure.“Our research suggests a modest blood pressure lowering effect with vitamin C supplementation,” said researcher Dr Edgar Miller.About 500mg of vitamin C everyday was enough to lower blood pressure, the researchers revealed. High blood pressure risk factors Thu, June 8, 2017 High blood pressure: Here are the risk factors you should be aware of. Play slideshow High blood pressure risk factors That’s the equivalent to about six cups of orange juice everyday.The average UK adult needs at least 40mg of vitamin C a day, so speak to a GP before taking more of the supplement.“People love to take vitamins regardless of the evidence or lack of it,” Miller said.“We’re trying to raise the bar and provide evidence-based guidance about whether supplements help or actually do harm.”You could also lower your blood pressure by making small lifestyle changes, according to the NHS.Cutting back on the amount of salt in your diet may help to prevent hypertension.A general healthy, balanced diet and regular exercise are both needed to control blood pressure.People at risk of the condition are those that don’t get enough sleep.You should try to get at least six hours of sleep a night to lower your chances of developing high blood pressure.The only way to find out whether you’re at risk is to get your blood pressure checked, said the NHS.See your GP or some pharmacists to check your blood pressure.
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Arthritis symptoms - add these five foods to your diet to slash joint pain
 
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Arthritis is a common condition that affects people of all ages, according to the NHS.It’s usually caused by a wearing down of the smooth cartilage that lines the joints.Tendons and ligaments have to work harder after cartilage is worn away, and it may even lead to bone rubbing on bone.Arthritis symptoms can include joint pain, restricted movement and inflammation.But, you could lower your risk of arthritis pain by adding these foods to your diet. ApplesEating just one apple a day could help to relieve joint pain, according to nutritionist Dr Sarah Brewer.“Eat an apple a day for their anti-inflammatory polyphenols,” she said.“One large apple [100g] provides the same benefits against inflamed joints as 1,500mg of vitamin C.“Wash but don’t peel your apples – the polyphenols are five times more concentrated in the skin than the flesh.” 10 foods to reduce rheumatoid arthritis symptoms Wed, November 8, 2017 Rheumatoid arthritis: Foods to reduce arthritis symptoms and pain. Play slideshow The best foods for reducing the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis AvocadoAvocado is a great superfood for arthritis patients to eat.It’s a natural anti-inflammatory that may even reverse osteoarthritis, Brewer said.“Avocado supplies unique anti-inflammatory substances that suppress joint inflammation by reducing production of inflammatory cytokines.“These have been found to promote the repair of cartilage in osteoarthritis by stimulating the activity of osteoblasts [bone-building cells] and chondrocytes [cartilage cells].”Brazil nutsEating more Brazil nuts could help to relieve joint pain, the nutritionist claimed.The nuts are the best dietary source of selenium available, which helps to improve the quality of cartilage proteins.Just a single brazil nut contains at least 50mg of selenium, Brewer revealed.Curry spices“Curry spices - such as anise, chilli, cloves, cumin, fennel, ginger, mustard and turmeric -can reduce inflammation and improve arthritis pain in a similar way to aspirin.“Curry spices can modulate the activation of immune cells and reduce expression of inflammatory cytokines.“Turmeric contains curcumin, which reduces cartilage destruction in osteoarthritis, and is as effective as ibuprofen for reducing joint pain.”OnionsArthritis patients should eat more onions to reduce symptoms, the nutritionist revealed.The vegetable works by reducing inflammation in painful joints.“Onions are rich source of polyphenols and thiosulfinates, that suppress the production of inflammatory cytokines to reduce inflammation.“Red onions have the highest content of antioxidants.”
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Stephen Hawking funeral: How did he die? Symptoms of scientist's fatal condition
 
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Stephen Hawking died peacefully in his Cambridge home on March 14 this year, and tomorrow, on March 31, his funeral will take place at Great St Mary’s, the University Church in Cambridge.The church is very close to Gonville & Caius, the Cambridge College, Professor Hawking’s academic home for more than 52 years.Hawking was diagnosed with motor neurone disease at the age of 22. He was given just a few years to live after this diagnosis, but lived with the condition for a further 54 years.But, what is motor neurone disease, and what are the signs and symptoms?Motor neurone disease is a rare condition that affects the brain and nerves, according to the NHS. It causes a gradual weakness of muscles that gets worse over time.Patients have a significantly shortened life expectancy and there’s no cure for the condition, it added.Most people diagnosed with motor neurone disease are in their 60s and 70s, although it can affect people of all ages.“Symptoms of motor neurone disease come on gradually and may not be obvious at first,” said the NHS.“Early symptoms can include weakness in your ankle or leg – you might trip, or find it harder to climb stairs - and slurred speech, which may develop into difficulty swallowing some foods.” Stephen Hawking: A life in pictures Wed, March 14, 2018 World renowned physicist Stephen Hawking has died age 76. Take a look at his life in pictures Play slideshow Cosmologist Stephen Hawking on October 10, 1979 in Princeton, New Jersey Having a weak grip could also be a sign of motor neurone disease. Patients may drop things, or find it harder to open jars or do up buttons.Other signs and symptoms include muscle cramps, weight loss, and difficulty stopping yourself from crying or laughing in inappropriate situations.You should see a GP if you think you have early symptoms of motor neurone disease.If a close relative has the condition, and you think you may be at risk of the condition, it’s best to see a doctor.“It's unlikely you have motor neurone disease, but getting a correct diagnosis as early as possible can help you get the care and support you need,” the NHS said.About two people in every 100,000 will develop motor neurone disease. Every day, six people are diagnosed with the life-long condition.The funeral taking place on Saturday will be a private occasion with just family and friends at the service.His ashes will then be scattered at Westminster Abbey in London.Hawking was known for this work in the scientific field and his discoveries over the years and renowned as one of the greatest scientists of all time.What is the professor’s net worth?
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How to sleep: Six of the best bedtime snacks to help you fall asleep fast
 
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Sleep better by eating these snacks before getting into bedKiwi and chamomile tea could improve your sleep qualityAdd more almonds to your diet every eveningDrink tart cherry juice to fall asleep fasterThe body needs enough sleep to help it function properly, according to the NHS.Not getting enough sleep is bad for your health; mentally and physically.Regular poor sleep increases your risk of obesity, heart disease and diabetes.You’re also more likely to develop depression and anxiety if you don’t get enough rest.But, you could get a better night’s rest by adding these five food and drinks to your bedtime diet. Related articles How to sleep: Fall asleep fast by doing this while lying in bed How to sleep: Fall asleep fast by making this pillow swap Kiwi fruitEating kiwi fruit before bed could help you to fall asleep, and wake up feeling refreshed, according to Dr Brianna Elliott.Snack on two kiwis before getting into bed, as you could fall asleep 42 per cent faster, she said.“The sleep-promoting effects of kiwis are thought to be due to their content of serotonin, a brain chemical that helps regulate your sleep cycle,” said Elliott.“It has also been suggested that the antioxidants in kiwis, such as vitamin C and carotenoids, may be partly responsible for their sleep-promoting effects. This is thought to be due to their role in reducing inflammation.”AlmondsAlmonds are a great source of magnesium.Magnesium could promote sleep by reducing inflammation, and reducing levels of the stress hormone cortisol.“If you want to eat almonds before bed to determine if they impact your sleep quality, a one ounce [28g] serving, or about a handful, should be adequate,” said Elliott. How to Sleep: 10 things to avoid if you want a good night’s sleep Fri, March 16, 2018 Sleepless nights can be avoided if you ditch the curries, don’t drink alcohol at lunch and curb that evening gym session. Ten things to avoid if you want a good night’s sleep. Play slideshow Getty Images 1 of 11 How to Sleep: 10 things to avoid if you want a good night’s sleep Chamomile tea“Chamomile tea is a popular herbal tea that may offer a variety of health benefits,” she said.“Specifically, chamomile tea contains apigenin, an antioxidant that binds to certain receptors in your brain that may promote sleepiness and reduce insomnia.”Drinking chamomile tea for two weeks before bed could improve your sleep quality.White riceWhite rice has a high glycaemic index, which means it takes longer for the body to break it down into sugar.High glycaemic index foods could improve your sleep quality.Try eating white rice an hour before bedtime to get a better night’s sleep.“Despite the potential role that eating white rice may have in promoting sleep, it is best consumed in moderation due to its lack of fibre and nutrients,” said Elliot.Tart cherry juice“Tart cherry juice is also known to promote sleepiness, and it has even been studied for its role in relieving insomnia,” she said.“For the
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